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Theory Time - Grade 3 - Vocabulary
Theory Time - Grade 3 - Vocabulary
Terms in this set (53)
Divides music into measures
Also called the "F" clef; most "lower" notes written below Middle C are notated in this clef.
Bass clef spaces
A C E G
Bass clef lines
G B D F A
A steady musical pulse
Connects the treble and bass staffs on a grand staff.
Italian term for "gradually get louder"
Italian term for "gradually get softer"
Dotted half note
A clear note with a stem and a dot, receives three beats
Double bar line
Indicates the end of a piece of music
How loud or soft music is played
Symbol to play a note an octave higher or lower
A chromatic sign that lowers a note one-half step
Italian term for loud
Treble and bass staffs joined by a brace, bar line and double bar line
A clear note with a stem that receives 2 beats
A rest that receives 2 beats, sits up on line 3
The distance between two notes
The first note of a scale, also known as tonic
To play smoothly connected, indicated by a slur over or under the notes
The space between two bar lines
Dynamic marking for "moderately (medium) loud"
Dynamic marking for "moderately (medium) soft"
The organization of strong and weak beats, indicated by the time signature
A B C D E F G
A chromatic sign that cancels a sharp or flat
The oval part of a note that is black or white, tells how long to hold a note and gives the note its letter name when drawn on a staff
A line that attaches to some note heads that goes up on the right or down on the left.
Italian term for soft
A black note with a stem, receives one beat
A rest that receives one beat
Indicates to repeat a certain section of music
Italian term for "gradually slow down", often abbreviated "rit"
A chromatic sign that raises a note one-half step
The interval of a 3rd, moving from line to line or space to space
A curved line over notes that move up or down, means to play legato and indicates a phrase
A dot placed above or below a note head, it means to play the note short
Five lines and four spaces on which music is written
The interval of 2nd, moving from one line or space to the next line or space, up or down
Two notes of the same pitch that are joined together by a curved line, it means hold the note for the combined value of both notes
Two numbers placed one on top of the other at the beginning of a piece of music. The top number tells how many beats are in a measure. The bottom number tells what type of note received one beat.
A three-note chord made up of thirds (skips)
Also called a keynote, the first note of a scale
Also called the "G" clef; most "higher" notes written above Middle C are notated in this clef.
Treble clef spaces
F A C E
Treble clef lines
E G B D F
A note with no stem, receives 4 beats
A rest that receives 4 beats, hangs down from line 4. Can also mean to rest for a whole measure
The closest distance between two notes
Equal to two half steps. On a keyboard, a whole step has one 'key' in between, black or white.
Interval of a 2nd
On the staff, it moves from a line to the very next space, or from a space to the very next line. Also called a step.
Interval of a 3rd
On the staff, it moves from a line to the very next line, or from a space to the very next space. Also called a skip.
Major scale pattern
A pattern of whole (W) and half (H) steps that form a major scale (WWH W WWH), with half steps occurring between scale degrees 3 and 4 and 7 and 8.
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