Terms in this set (42)
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
King of France and Queen of France Prior to French Revolution
Political system in France before Revolution
Social classes in France
Clergy and Nobles
Equality, liberty, democracy
Economic Troubles in Reign of Louis XVI
Debt (inherited debt and spending), taxes on third states, nobles and clergy exempt from taxes
ESTATES GENERAL, 1789
Assembly of representatives called in order to approve a tax upon the nobles
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, 1789-1791
Third state delegates demand more representation and say they want to pass laws and reform
1. Tennis Court Oath, 1789
Pledge to stay at tennis court until they have come up with a new constitution
2. Bastille Stormed, 1789
Mob of angry poor people attacks prison for gunpowder and weapons in Paris
3. Great Fear, 1789
Wave of fear that affected all estates (classes)
4. Declaration of Rights of Man, 1789
Document written by the National Assembly, stating everyone has the right to liberty, equality, and fraternity
5. Civil Constitution of Clergy, 1790
Reform of National Assembly. Takes land from Church and declares that Church officials are to be elected, rather than appointed by Pope
6. New Constitution
Creates limited monarchy
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, 1791-1792
Constitutional government by elected officials.
This body has the power to create laws and to approve or reject declarations of war. However, King still had executive power to enforce laws.
Factions split France, 1791-92
1. Emigrés: Nobles and others who fled France hoping to undo revolution
2. Sans Culotte: Extremists who wanted revolution to bring even more changes.
France declares war on Austria and Prussia, 1792
Austria and Prussia saw that monarchy was falling in France and feared that the same would happen in their countries, and moved to restore monarchy.
France declared War on them
Jacobins take control
Political party (Jacobin Club), who were part of Legislative Assembly and gained power. Robespierre and Danton
Dissolution of the Assembly, 1792
Legislative assembly set aside 1791 constitution and declared King deposed, and called for election of a new legislature.
NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1792-1795
New government elected by male universal suffrage.
2. Levy In Mass (military draft), 1793
Great Britain, Holland, and Spain join Austria and Prussia against France. France looses many battles and National Convention calls for a military draft of 300,000 able French citizens, including women.
Execution of King, January 21st 1793
1. Reign of Terror, 1793
Period where Maximilien Robespierre executes "enemies of the state it the masses.
3. Thermidor, 1794
Execution of Robespierre
Government made after Robespierre's execution.
Made by national assembly. Power with middle class. 2 house legislature and 5 man executive body who were moderates, not idealists
Artillery Lieutenant who gained power after a series of victories starting with the defense of the national convention.
Hero of the Hour
Out numbered defense of the national assembly. Led to being hailed as a hero.
Coup d' état, 1799
Sudden seizing of power by Napoleon by surrounding the national legislature
Constitution of 1800: has three consuls
Resulted from his conquest of Europe. Crowns himself emperor.
Battle of Trafalgar
Naval defeat against Horatio Nelson (Great Britain)
Peninsula war and Guerrillas
War with Spain because the Spanish were afraid Napoleon would attempt to limit Catholicism.
Natives fought as Guerrillas by attacking quickly then falling back.
Continental system and Blockade
In an attempt to destroy Great Britain's industrial and commercial economy, Napoleon set up a blockade to stop any trade and communication between Great Britain and any other European nations. This also aimed at making Europe more self-sufficient as a whole.
Invasion of Russia
Napoleon invaded Russia because the Russians refused to stop selling things to Great Britain .
Law system made by Napoleon. Made laws more fair and removed corruption but limited rights.
Agreement between Napoleon and Pope to help reinstate the church in France.
Scorched Earth policy
Knowing the Russian winter would devastate Napoleon's forces, Czar Alexander I burned the grain fields and slaughtered the livestock, leaving Napoleon's forces nothing to eat.
Napoleon suffers Defeat
Seeing France's weakness, Great Britain, Russian, Prussia, and Sweeden join forces to attack France. Napoleon was defeated.
Exile to Elba, April 1814
Napoleon accepted terms of surrender with European allies. After that, he was exiled to the island of Elba. Napoleon then escaped from Elba on March 1st, 1815.
Period of time which Napoleon returned from Elba until the time when he was banished to St. Helene.
When Napoleon returned from Elba, thousands of peasants joined his army. European allies quickly marshaled armies and moved towards France. Napoleon attacked in town called Waterloo (in Belgium), and was defeated. After that, he was banished to St. Helene.