25 terms

Maya, Aztec, Inca

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Maya: Geography
Highlands of Guatemala, Tikal (city), Copan, Chich, Palankay; Jungles, Wetlands, Lowlands, Yucatan Peninsula
Aztec: Geography
Middle America, Tenochtitlan (capital city), Valley of Mexico, Capital city on island on Lake Texcoco
Inca: Geography
Machu Pichu (City), Peru, Ecuador, Boliva, Chile, Argentina; Andes Mountains, west coast
Maya: Economy/Agriculture
chilis, sweet potatoes, cassava, cotton, tobacco. SLASH AND BURN METHOD
Aztec: Economy/Agriculture
peppers, avocados, tomatoes, cacao, maguey plant (fibers, fabric, leaves), sap; canals, irrigation, FLOATING GARDENS
Inca: Economy/Agriculture
WHITE POTATOES, too cold for corn, manioc, cacao, squash,chilis, peanuts, tomato, cotton, DOMESTICATED LLAMA AND ALPACA, TERRACES
Maya: Political
small villages, urban complex, cities were ceremonial centers
Aztec: Political
ruled many provinces, people required to pay tribute, provinces not governed directly
Inca: Political
Prince or Monarch (believed to be a kind of god), organized government, nobles governed provinces, conquored people as part of empire (divided into communities called ayllus), language Quechua
Maya: Social Structure
Nobles, Merchants, Farmers; slaves bottom
Aztec: Social Structure
grew rich from tribute, nobles helped emperor govern, soldiers helped expand, priests religious leaders and improvement in society, most people were farmers
Inca: Social Structure
1/3 produce Incan emperor and nobles (stored in royal warehouse). 1/3 produce religious class (stored in royal warehouse). 1/3 produce farmers.
Maya: European Contact
Mayan cities abandoned when Spanish came. Mayan books destroyed. Thought to be a possible drought.
Aztec: European Contact
Cortes came and forced natives to mine. Claimed Tenochtitlan for spain 1519. Montezuma Aztec emperor at the time welcomed Spanish. Brought soldier and horses.
Inca: European Contact
Pizarro captured and executed Atahualpa (ruler at the time). Pizarro forced natives to mine and act as slaves. 1535 most of empire captured.
Maya: Achievements (architecture)
Stepped pyramids with temples on top. Decorated pillars.
Maya: Achievements (writing)
developed system of writing. Glyphs as numbers based on unit of 20. Used to record observations and predict future
Aztec: Achievements (architecture and medicine)
pyrimids, sculpted; over 1000 medicines, used plants, dentistry
Aztec: Achievements (writing and markets)
hieroglyphics, records, calenders; zoo, canals, floating gardens, markets, streets
Inca: Achievements (roads)
roads built w/ bridges, rest stops, and messengers could relay messages
Inca: Achievements (engineering)
terraces, irrigation system, earthquake proof buildings
Inca: Achievements (record keeping)
quipa, messengers, census, no written language
Maya: Religion
Itzamna supreme god, 4 Chacs associated w/ 4 cardinal directions known by 1 of 4 colors of corn (red, black, white, yellow), religious celebrations include fasting and some sacrifices of slaves, priests studied stars and planets
Aztec: Religion
rituals, images sculpted of gods, human sacrifice (many sacrifices at once), astronomy, predicted movement of planets
Inca: Religion
royal family descended from sun god, Viraocha important god, human sacrifice, Sun god (Inti) believed to be their parents, called themselves children of the sun