gov topic 5 test
Terms in this set (71)
how many roles can the president play?
9 roles (roles may occur simultaneously)
chief of state
- ceremonial head
- symbol of all people of nation
EX: patriotic speech on 4th of July and awarding medals to scholarship winners
- has executive power through constitution (gives state of the Union)
- carries out duties listed in constitution ( propose budget -- appoint judges)
- director of government
- over 2.7 million jobs
- manages day to day running of executive Branch (ensures "employees" are doing their jobs)
- appoints cabinet members
- handles foreign policy
- spokesperson for US
commander in chief
- head of military
- controls armed forces
- sets agenda for congress (handles public policy)
- propose laws
- signing a bill
chief of party
- leader of political party
EX: speaking at rally for party members
- republicans of all people
- works for and represents the public interest
EX: voting on election day
- manages the nation's economy
EX: keeps economy running smoothly , keep up trade-relations with other countries
what is the executive department ?
- often called cabinet department
- advisors to president
who is the head of the executive department ?
headed by secretary
D.O.J (department of justice) = attorney general
how are heads of the executive departments appointed?
by president and approved by senate
each department is made up of sub units that vary in what?
- vary in size
- visibility and importance
The federal bureaucracy
- most of the federal employees work in the executive branch
( about 15% in washing ton DC and rest spread around country and world)
what are the 3 official qualification to be president? (only 2 listed in constitution)
1. "natural born" US citizen
2. 35 years old
3. live in US at least 14 years
who are the youngest presidents to be elected? who is the oldest?
- JFK youngest ever elected (43)
- Theodore Roosevelt youngest by succession (42)
- Trump is oldest (70)
what are some informal qualifications needed to be president?
intelligence , character
how long is a presidential term?
- 4 years
- limits president to 2 terms or 10 years
how is presidential salary set?
congress sets salary and it can't be changed during term
2001: $400,000 w/ $50,000 expense account
what are the benefits are there to being president?
- white house (132-room mansion)
- office and staff
- fleet of cars
- planes and helicopters (Air force One , Marne One)
- camp david (resort in Maryland mountains)
- lifetime pension
president disability and succession (vice president becomes new president upon removal or death of president)
what is the presidential succession act of 1947?
fixed order of succession of vice president
what is the order of succession?
1. vice president
2. speaker of the house
3. president of pro tempore senate
4. secretary of state
5. secretary of treasury
6. secretary of defense
7. attorney general
** need to know these 7)
when does the vice president become president?
1. president informs congress in writing that he can't perform duties
2. vice president and majority of cabinet inform congress (in writing) president is incapable
when can the president resume power?
1. by informing congress no inability exists
- vice president and cabinet can challenge and congress has 21 days to decide
what were the 3 times where presidential disability has been invoked?
Regan: 1958 for surgery to remove tumor from large intestine
George W Busch: 2006 and 2007 for routine medical procedure
what are the only two formal duties of the Vice President?
1. preside over Senate (is the president of senate -- votes in case of ties)
2. decide question of president disability
what is the vice president meant to do?
meant to help "balance ticket"
- help win election
how is vice president vacancy filled?
by a nomination from the president and approval by congress
what does the vice president act as for the president?
is a vital advisor to the president and serves on panels
can the president fire the vice president?
no , the vice presidency is the only office the president can fire ( also cant fire federal judges or supreme members )
how is a president chosen?
group of people chosen from each state and D.C to formally select president and vice president
electors meant to be "free agents" and vote for most qualified
what was the old process of selecting a president?
- electors cast 2 votes for president
- most votes= president
- 2nd most votes= vice president
electors vote for president and vice president on separate ballots
a group of like-minded people who meet to select candidates they will support in
a congressional congress used to be held to nominate a presidential candidate. what replaced congressional caucuses?
national conventions-- where delegates vote to choose candidate
decides time and place and number of delegates per state
which party holds their convention first? which holds their's last?
party in power- has convention last
party out of power- has convention 1st
how are delegates chosen for the national convention?
chosen according to state law or party rules
How do you get the party's nomination at a convention?
states host a primary election or caucus
what is the purpose of the primaries?
1. select delegates for national convention
2. express preference in presidential candidate
which state holds the 1st primary ?
winner takes all basis
majority winner gets all the votes in a primary
candidates receive a proportion of delegates equal to their percentage of votes received at a primary election
caucus- convention process
states without primaries use this
- oldest method for picking delegates
famous because it occurs before New Hampshire Primary
how do caucus conventions work?
1. meet in local caucus (at precinct level) to choose delegates for district convention
2. at district convention delegates for state conventions are picked
3. state level delegates choose delegates for national convention
the national convention
meeting at which delegates vote to pick their president and vice president candidates
what are the 3 main goals of a national convention
1. name president and vice president candidates
2. unite party for common purpose
3. adopt party platform (formal statement of beliefs/stance on major issues)
how long is a national convention?
what happens during each day of the national convention?
- day 1: organize convention and keynote address
- day 2: presentation and adoption of committee reporters
- day 3: nominate candidate for president
- day4: nominate vice candidate and president candidate gives acceptance speech
what is the number of electors in each state equal to?
the number of congressman (number in house and number in senate)
voter who has not made up his or her mind at start of a campaign
state in which either candidate could win
what happens first in the process of electing a president through the electoral college?
1. electors from each state are chosen by popular vote on Tuesday after 1st Monday in Nonmember every 4th year (people voting at polls are actually choosing electors , not candidate)
what happens second in the process of electing a president through the electoral college?
2. electors meet in state capitals in December
- vote for president and vice president
- vote based on popular vote
- send to president of Senate (VP)
- electoral votes are all or nothing except Maine and Nebraska
what happens third in the process of electing a president through the electoral college?
3. January 6th (formal election) , president of the senate opens votes before joint session of congress
- person with majority (270 of 538) wins
what happens if no candidate receives majority of electoral votes?
house decided President (senate chooses vice president winner)
- each state gets 1 vote
- need majority (26) to win
what happens last in the process of electing a president through the electoral college?
4. January 20th -- presidential inauguration
what are the flaws with the electoral college?
- winner of popular votes could lose
- electors not required to vote according to popular vote
- house could decide winner
what is the district plan ?
- proposed reform where 2 electors from each state vote according to state's popular vote
- remaining electors (in congressional districts) vote according to district popular vote
what is the problem with the district plan?
winner of popular vote may not win electoral vote
what is the proportional plan?
proposed reform where a candidate receives same percent of electoral votes as popular vote
what is the problem with the proportional plan?
might not have clear winner and house decides
what is the national popular vote plan?
proposed reform where the electoral vote is kept as is
- change state election law
- award state's electoral votes to winner of national vote
- states would make compact change
- would be effective if approved by enough states to get a minimum of 270 electoral votes
what is the direct popular election?
proposed reform where the popular vote= president
what is the problem with a direct popular election ?
- requires amendment
- small states lose advantage
- favors urban areas (not rural)
- more money spent campaigning
- may lead to fraud
- weaken federal system
what are the arguments of electoral college supporters?
- it is a known process , we know its flaws
- other ideas have unknown flaws