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20 terms

Muscles, Nerves, Sense Organs

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deltoid
triangular shoulder muscle that abducts the arm and is used as an injection site
biceps brachii
upper arm muscle that flexes the lower arm
triceps brachii
upper arm muscle that extends lower arm
pectoralis major
upper chest muscle that adducts and flexes upper arm
muscular dystrophy
group of inherited diseases that lead to chronic progressive muscle atrophy
myasthenia gravis
chronic condition in which nerve impulses are not transmitted properly to the muscles
cerebrum
large part of the brain that controls the senses and thinking
cerebellum
the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
medulla oblongata
the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
dura mater
outermost brain covering
arachnoid membrane
which resembles a spider web, is the second layer of the meninges and is located between the dura mater and the pia mater
pia mater
thin, delicate inner membrane of the meninges
cerebrovascular accident
stroke
epilepsy
disorder affecting the central nervous system, characterized by recurrent seizures
cerebral palsy
a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
Parkinson's disease
a progressive disease that destroys brain cells and is identified by muscular tremors, slowing of movement, and partial facial paralysis
sclera
white of eye
iris
a ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening
cerumen
ear wax
tympanic membrane
The eardrum. A structure that separates the outer ear from the middle ear and vibrates in response to sound waves.

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