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Physical Therapy

STUDY
PLAY
Arthro
Root- Joint
Isokinetic
Resisted Strengthening- Constant velocity/speed
Osteo
Root- bone
Concentric
Muscle is shortening while contracting
Eccentric
muscle is lengthening and contracting
Isotonic or PRE's
*Resisted Strengthening*-- Change in joint angle
-Progressive Resistance Exercises used for strengthening
Isometric
*Resisted Strengthening*
No joint in angle
Chrondro
root cartilage
Myo
root muscle
ab-
Prefix
away from
ex. abnormal
Dys-
prefix
ill, difficult, bad.
ex. dysfunctional
-itis
suffix
inflammation
(arthritis)
-algia or -dynia
suffix
pain
Physical Therapy
A health care proffesion that is concerned with the prevention and correction of movement disorders arising from conditions or diseases throughout the lifespan
Debridement
surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
*Okay in Ohio*
Neuropathic Ulcers
-problems with nerves
-associated with diabetes
Pressure Ulcers
-"Bed sores" or "decubitus ulcer"
-can develop in less than 2 hours if pressure is unrelieved
-bone squishes against hard surface with skin trapped b/w
Venous Insufficiency Ulcer
Problems with the veins bringing fluid back to the heart
Arterial Insufficiency Ulcer
blood flow not getting to the tissue
-Sclerosis
*suffix*
hardening
-gram
*suffix*
film/x-ray
-nia
*suffix*
inflammation
-trophy
*suffix*
growth
hypo-
*prefix*
decreased
hyper-
*prefix*
increased
arterio
*root*
artery
phlebo, veno
*root*
vein
angio, vaso
*root*
vessels
vascular
*root*
blood vessels
Laryngo
*Root*
voice box
pulmo, pnemo
*root*
Lung
Percussion
Pt use their hands to "clap" on ribcage. sets up sound waves.
Restrictive Lung Disease
Lungs are not able to expand well
Signs and symptoms
-non-productive cough
-shortness of breath
- increased breathing rate
-increased energy required to breath
**pnemonia, coal workers disease, or idiopathic
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
*Respiratory*
Changes in lungs cause abnormal air flow through airways
signs and symptoms: chronic productive cough, excessive mucus production, shortness of breath -> dyspnea
(chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma)
Myocardia Infarction
-heart attach
can be caused by a blood clot in a coronary artery
-CPT prevents blood from getting to the heart
Congestive heart Failure
heart is not pumping blood effectively
Coronary Artery Disease
hardening of the arteries
-plaque formation affects blood flow to heart
risks: smoking, high blood pressure,high cholesterol
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy
common cardiac conditions
Neurological Physical Therapy
injuries to the nervous system
ex. stroke(CBA-cerebro bascular accident), TBI (traumatic brain injury), Spinal Cord Injury (SCI), MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
Goal of PT treatment
improve and maximize a person's functional abilities during rehab