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Ch 1-2 Cells and Heredity
Terms in this set (24)
You are looking at the inside of a cell. Explain how you can tell whether the cell belongs to an
animal or a plant.
Animal Cells have no cell wall and no chloroplast
what are the products of respiration?
C o 2 and water
what are the raw materials for respiration?
Glucose/sugar and oxygen
What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts?
Mitochondria use food to
release energy. They are found in both plant and animal cells. Chloroplasts use energy to produce food.They are found in plant cells but not in animal cells.
What are the end products for photosynthesis?
Glucose and oxygen
Photosynthesis and respiration form a cycle that keeps the levels of --------- and ----------- fairly constant
in the atmosphere.
oxygen and co2
Plants use energy from the sun to produce
oxygen and sugar/glucose
The cell theory states that cells are produced from ____________ cells.
The cells in a many-celled organism often have ____________sizes and shapes.
Almost all living things depend on the process of _________________ to supply them with the energy
Plants make their own food using energy that comes from the _________________________
Small openings called ___________________ allow carbon dioxide to enter a leaf.
Cells are the basic units of structure and _________________ in living things.
Under what conditions is lactic acid fermentation most likely to occur?
The regular cycle of growth and division that cells undergo is called ______________________
During what stage of the cell cycle does replication occur?
____________________is the stage of the cell cycle during which nucleus divides into two nuclei
Which term refers to the diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance is a(n)
Which organelle is the control center of a cell?
What is the function of a cell wall?
to protect and support the cell
Draw the endoplasmic reticulum a cell and describe its function
What is the bottom part of the X called and what does it contain?
The structures are chromatids. They contain identical DNA
What is the middle part of the X? Describe it's function
A centromere, which holds the two chromatids of a chromosome together.
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