geography unit 2
Terms in this set (39)
Why is the Arabian Peninsula important to other countries around the world?
What type of climate does this region have?
What is the name for flat land located near a river that floods?
In what ways are the Tigris and Euphrates rivers important to this region?
The world's earliest civilization began here, and they provide fertile land for agriculture.
What role does the Arabian Peninsula play in the production of the world's petroleum?
25% of the world's known petroleum reserves are on the Arabian Peninsula.
What connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea?
What and where is the Rub' al Khali?
It is the largest desert in Saudi Arabia.
What are the two most important resources in Southwest Asia?
Water and petroleum
What does the word Sahara mean?
Where do most people live on the Arabian Peninsula?
along the coast
What do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have in common?
They are all monotheistic
Belief in one god
beleif in more than one god
How are the religious texts of Judaism and Christianity similar?
The Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament share the same text.
Where did Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all begin?
What city is significant to all three religions?
In what ways is the Nile River important to life in the region?
95% of Egyptians live along the Nile. It supports life and agriculture.
What type of land surrounds the Nile River valley?
What is the source of the Nile River?
Who were the Bedouins?
nomadic Arab-speaking people who herd camels, sheep, goats, and cattle
Who were the Tuareg and why did they cross the Sahara?
semi-nomadic people of North Africa who cross the desert to trade goats for salt, millet, and dates
Why do most guest workers go to Saudi Arabia?
To get jobs
What language is most commonly spoken in North Africa and Southwest Asia?
Why do businesses relocate to Dubai?
They do not have to pay corporate taxes or income taxes.
where is dubai
on the coast of the UAE, located on the Arabian Peninsula
What does UAE stand for?
United Arab Emirates
Who rules Saudi Arabia?
What countries had revolutions during the Arab Spring?
tunisa and egypt
What causes the standard of living to be very different amongst North African and Southwest Asian countries? Why are some countries so wealthy?
uneven distribution of resources; countries with oil are very wealthy
What industry is most important to the economies of this region?
How does the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (O.P.E.C.) regulate oil prices?
It controls prices of oil by agreeing how much to produce and sell.
Why has Southwest Asia suffered violent disputes for so many years?
It is a crossroads for many different religions and ethnic groups.
Who is responsible for the creation of the modern state of Israel?
the united nations
What 3 things occurred when Israel was declared a state in 1948?
Many Jews settled in Israel, hundreds of Palestinians fled, and Arab nations invaded.
What does the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) want for Palestinians?
to create a Palestinian state in place of Israel
Where did Israel build a wall in 2002?
between Israel and the West Bank
What group of Muslims represents the majority in Iraq?
Why did the United States invade Iraq in 2003?
to find weapons of mass destruction
What divides Afghanistan as a country?
widely-scattered ethnic groups
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