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51 terms

chapter 8

STUDY
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Aortitis
inflammation of the aorta
embolism
obstruction caused by any foreign substance including a blood clot within that vessel
mitral valve prolapse
disorder characterized by failure of the bicuspid valve to close property
atherosclerosis
abnormal thickening and hardening of fatty plaque within the blood vessels
aneurysm
abnormal widening or ballooning of a blood vessel resulting from a wall weakness
varices
condition of varicose veins in the esophagus
hypertension
disorder characterized by blood pressure
pericardium
the sac containing the heart
Vegetations
small masses composed of fibrin & platelets that collect on the leaflets of the heart of their cords as a result of bacteremia
cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
myxoma
most common primary tumor of the heart
bruit
soft,blowing sound heard on auscultations that associate with movement of blood or valvular actions
embolus
mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channel until it becomes lodge in a vessel
arrhythmia
rapid, slow, or irregular heartbeat
insufficiency
inability of heart valves to close properly
coarctation
narrowing of any vessel, especially the aorta
occlusion
blockage of a vessel
vegetation
mass of composed fibrin & platelets that collect on valve leaflets
stains
medications that lowers blood cholesterol levels
diurectics
lower blood pressure
vasodilators
classification of drugs that relax the smooth muscles in arterial walls to decrease blood pressure
sept/o
septum
ather/o
fatty plaque
phleb/o
vein
embol/o
embolus
-gram
recording,writing
-graphy
process or recording
-cardia
heart condition
deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
clot in the vein of the lower leg
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
procedure that reroutes blood around an occluded coronary artery
coronary artery disease (CAD)
disease that is treated by a coronary artery bypass graft
aortic stenosis (AS)
narrowing of the aorta
automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD)
a automatic defibrillator
thrombolysis
involves the destruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called "clot busters"
sclerotherapy
involves injection of a chemical irritant into a vein to treat varicose veins
stent placement
involves insertion of a device to hold open a vessel, usually performed after vascular surgery
holter monitor
involves an EKG taken with a small portable recorder capable of storing information up to 24 hours
angioplasty
endovascular procedure that reopens narrowing blood vessels
diastolic pressure
the bottom reading of a blood pressure
pericardiocentesis
involves surgical puncture of the fibrous sac surrounding the heart to withdraw fluid for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
cardiac enzyme studies
bold test that measure the presence and amount of troponin T, troponin I, and creatine kinase
Doppler echocardiograph
diagnostic procedure that accesses blood flow velocity in different areas of the heart
magnetic reasonace angiography
detects blood flow, condition of vessel walls, and blockage without using contrast medium
angioplasty
involves passage of a balloon catheter through an occluded coronary vessel to compass plaque against the artery walls
laser ablation
procedure that coagulates blood inside a varicose vein to collapse and seal it
electrocardiography
records patterns of electrical activity in the heart to help diagnose abnormal heart rhythms
arties
carry blood away from the heart
vein
carry blood back to the heart
infective endocarditis
most commonly caused by bacteria
vascul/o
vessel
endarterectomy
involves surgical removal od plaque from inside of an artery