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Chapter 5 (LA's early peoples) and Ch 6 (French Colonization of LA)

Terms in this set (46)

Answers will vary, but may include:

Aspect of Lifestyle Description
Village: Community life organized around a clan or tribe, headed by a chief; memberships in clans passed through the mother's side of the family; some had a caste system; moving into a higher group was possible through marriage; children raised in groups; children's play often imitated adult work; games were important to village life
Clothing: Made from available materials; clothes suited to climate and season; men wore breechcloths made from buckskin and held at the waist with a belt; belts made of fur, fiber, or buckskin; wore leggings when traveling; women wore simple skirts of buffalo wool, mulberry bark fiber, palmetto leaves, Spanish moss, or other plant fibers; children did not wear clothes during the summer; wore moccasins when needed; for special occasions wore feather capes; wore body ornaments and had their bodies painted or tattooed; pierced ears and noses and wore bracelets, necklaces and rings of copper, silver, and gold
Work: Farmed, hunted, fished, collected wild plants; cleared land, constructed homes, built boats; made baskets, pottery, or craft utensils; prepared food and made clothes
Shelter: Built houses from available materials and adapted them to the climate; built log houses and filled cracks with clay mixed with deer hide; built round summer houses of woven grass; Choctaw built simple wood frame, plastered with a clay-and-moss mixture and thatched with palmetto leaves; houses often had no windows; small door faced the east for good luck
Food: In the wild, Indians found acorns, hickory nuts, mayhaw, blackberries as well as 250 kinds of roots; planted corn, beans, and squash; corn mainstay; ate deer, bison, and bear
Religion: Based on Indians' concept of the world; held many religious festivities; dances had specific meanings; used ritual of sacrifice, which to Indians brought honor to the family and sent spirits to join the chiefs in the next world
Government: Had a war chief and a peace chief to lead the tribe; some chiefs inherited their positions; smoked peace pipe to avoid war; Indians at war wanted to surprise their enemies; used knives and war clubs and hand-to-hand combat; peace chief responsible for normal day-to-day activities; criminal acts not tolerated; punishment was severe

4 The response demonstrates a thorough knowledge of the seven aspects of Indian life listed on the chart.
3 The response demonstrates some knowledge of five to seven aspects of Indian life listed on the chart.
2 The response demonstrates some knowledge of three or four aspects of Indian life listed on the chart.
1 The response demonstrates some knowledge of one or two aspects of Indian life listed on the chart or minimal knowledge of more than two aspects.
0 The response is incorrect, irrelevant, and/or too brief to evaluate.
The response is blank.