46 terms

Chapter 5 (LA's early peoples) and Ch 6 (French Colonization of LA)


Terms in this set (...)

How many years are covered on this timeline?
According to the timeline, what was the earliest Indian Period?
According to the Timeline, in what Indian Period did the Bronze Age begin?
Early Neo
According to the timeline, during what Indian period did the Iron age begin?
There is less land in the world today
Describe how the land has changed by using the information on the map.
As far south as Mexico
According to the map, how far south did the people who came to North America via the Bering land bridge move?
Cholera, Influenza, Measles
Which diseases were brought to the Americas by European explorers?
Near Tampa, Florida
According to the map, were did de Soto begin his expedition in North America?
Near Memphis, Tennessee
According to the map, where did de Soto encounter the Mississippi River for the first time?
According to the map, where did de Soto's men go after his death?
Florida, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi
Tho voyage of Hernando de Soto covered a large area. What is the chronological order for the following places de Soto visited on his travels?
1. Alabama
2. Florida
3. South Carolina
4. Mississippi
What was the primary food for the Indians in Louisiana?
Which group was called "stinkards" by the Natchez?
Where is the present day home of the Caddo people?
dried corn
"Pinole" is Spanish for________
Answers will vary, but may include:

Aspect of Lifestyle Description
Village: Community life organized around a clan or tribe, headed by a chief; memberships in clans passed through the mother's side of the family; some had a caste system; moving into a higher group was possible through marriage; children raised in groups; children's play often imitated adult work; games were important to village life
Clothing: Made from available materials; clothes suited to climate and season; men wore breechcloths made from buckskin and held at the waist with a belt; belts made of fur, fiber, or buckskin; wore leggings when traveling; women wore simple skirts of buffalo wool, mulberry bark fiber, palmetto leaves, Spanish moss, or other plant fibers; children did not wear clothes during the summer; wore moccasins when needed; for special occasions wore feather capes; wore body ornaments and had their bodies painted or tattooed; pierced ears and noses and wore bracelets, necklaces and rings of copper, silver, and gold
Work: Farmed, hunted, fished, collected wild plants; cleared land, constructed homes, built boats; made baskets, pottery, or craft utensils; prepared food and made clothes
Shelter: Built houses from available materials and adapted them to the climate; built log houses and filled cracks with clay mixed with deer hide; built round summer houses of woven grass; Choctaw built simple wood frame, plastered with a clay-and-moss mixture and thatched with palmetto leaves; houses often had no windows; small door faced the east for good luck
Food: In the wild, Indians found acorns, hickory nuts, mayhaw, blackberries as well as 250 kinds of roots; planted corn, beans, and squash; corn mainstay; ate deer, bison, and bear
Religion: Based on Indians' concept of the world; held many religious festivities; dances had specific meanings; used ritual of sacrifice, which to Indians brought honor to the family and sent spirits to join the chiefs in the next world
Government: Had a war chief and a peace chief to lead the tribe; some chiefs inherited their positions; smoked peace pipe to avoid war; Indians at war wanted to surprise their enemies; used knives and war clubs and hand-to-hand combat; peace chief responsible for normal day-to-day activities; criminal acts not tolerated; punishment was severe

4 The response demonstrates a thorough knowledge of the seven aspects of Indian life listed on the chart.
3 The response demonstrates some knowledge of five to seven aspects of Indian life listed on the chart.
2 The response demonstrates some knowledge of three or four aspects of Indian life listed on the chart.
1 The response demonstrates some knowledge of one or two aspects of Indian life listed on the chart or minimal knowledge of more than two aspects.
0 The response is incorrect, irrelevant, and/or too brief to evaluate.
The response is blank.
Essay: Choose 4 (four) components, such as clothing or food, of the early lifestyles of early historic cultures in Louisiana. Describe each component that you identify
they were told there were armed Indians downriver.
Louis Joliet and Father Marquette journeyed down the Mississippi River to the mouth of the Arkansas River. They did not travel further down the river because
a letter from Tonti to La Salle
What was the "speaking bark" that local Indians mentioned to Iberville and Bienville?
they feared attacks from the Indians.
Joliet and Marquette cut short their trip down the Mississippi River because
Where did the French establish their first trading posts in North America?
Fort St. Jean Baptiste, founded by Louis Juchereau de St. Denis, was the name of the present-day city of______________
The Company of the West could not repay its investors.
What caused the collapse of the Mississippi Bubble?
Etienne de Perier
Who replaced Bienville as governor of the Louisiana colony?
Antoine Crozat
Who was the first proprietor of Louisiana?
the French became involved in an European war that drained their resources.
Iberville had trouble getting colonists and supplies for the forts in Louisiana because ________
he refused to smoke the calumet.
Antoine de Lamothe, Sieur de Cadillac had troubles with the Indians because _______________
Iberville established Fort Maurepas, Louisiana became a proprietary colony,Natchitoches founded,
New Orleans founded
What is the correct chronological order of these events?
1. New Orleans founded.
2. Iberville established
Fort Maurepas.
3. Louisiana became a
proprietary colony.
4. Natchitoches founded.
The Commissary Commissioner
Who presided over the Superior Council, which was established by Cadillac to help govern the colony?
Louis Juchereau de St. Denis
Who was chosen to command Fort St. Jean Baptiste?
It was illegal.
What was unusual about the trade St. Denis established with the Spanish colonists in Texas?
John Law
Who headed the Company of the West?
What nationality were the colonists John Law attracted to Louisiana because it would be a haven from the hopeless situation in their home country?
Wheat bread
What did the French colonists in Louisiana consider "proper" bread?
The French demanded the Natchez give up their land.
What was the cause of the Natchez Uprising?
Etienne de Perier
Who was the French governor at the time of the Natchez Uprising?
They lost some of their best farms.
How did the Natchez Uprising negatively affect the French colonists?
France did not support Louisiana because of a war in Europe.
What is the main idea expressed in the Paragraph?
France did not send supplies to Louisiana.
According to the paragraph, why was life in Louisiana hard after Iberville returned to France?
Antoine de Lamothe, Sieur de Cadillac
Who was the first Louisiana governor to suggest growing indigo and tobacco as cash crops?
Who established the Code Noir?
The governors were blamed when things did not go well and were often replaced.
describe Louisiana's governors during the time the Company of the West ran the colony?
Indian relations
What problem did Bienville address first when he returned to serve as Louisiana's governor a second time?
by selecting their chiefs
How did Governor Perier weaken the ties between the Choctaw and the French?
Pierre Francois de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil
Which Louisiana governor is credited with hosting the first Mardi Gras ball?
Answers will vary, but may include:

Colonists lacked skills and drive to survive in the harsh environment.
Many colonists were more interested in looking for gold or silver than in making a home.
Women were scarce in the colony.
Louisiana soldiers were untrained and were often rejects.
Colony did not receive adequate funding, supplies, or settlers.
Colonists had problems with Indians.

4 Response correctly identifies and explains at least three problems faced by the colonists.
3 Response correctly identifies and explains two problems faced by the colonists.
2 Response correctly identifies and explains one problem faced by the colonists.
1 Response correctly identifies one or two problems faced by the colonists, but does not offer an explanation of either.
0 Response is incorrect, irrelevant, and/or too brief to evaluate.
Response is blank.

1. Identify and explain three problems the early settlers of Louisiana faced.
Code Noir
What was the name given to the laws established by Bienville to govern the conduct of slaves?