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Psychology Unit 3B test
Terms in this set (42)
Which of the following techniques for studying the brain gives the least detailed information about the functioning of particular brain areas?
Which is the best description of the brainstem?
It is the oldest and innermost region of the brain
After developing a tumor that stimulated an area of his limbic system, a mild-mannered individual became very aggressive. The stimulation occurred in the
As an organism's adaptability increases, the proportion of glial cells to neurons
Researchers studying the association areas of the brain have shown that
complex mental functions do not reside in one place
Which of the following is an accurate statement about how we read aloud?
it is enabled by the functions of several different brain areas
An experienced, practiced soccer player has a larger than usual area in his motor cortex designated to his feet. This is a result of the brain's
Research on split-brain patients
shows that awareness can occur without verbal speech
Right-left differences in the intact brain indicate that
the right brain excels in making inferences about language
disagree about how conscious experiences arises from the brain.
Which of the following techniques for investigating the brain uses a harmless radioactive substance?
The thalamus receives and integrates information from nearly all of the
Which structure of the limbic system regulates thirst, body temperature, and sexual behavior?
Greater cortical space is devoted to body areas that
require more precise control
Phineas Gage's brain was injured in an accident. Afterward, he lost his ability to inhibit many aspects of his behavior. The damaged area of his brain was the
The final step in reading aloud occurs in
Because of her severe epileptic seizures, 5-year-old Lily has had an entire hemisphere removed. Which of the following will happen?
she will do well because of the brain´s plasticity
Split-brain patients can draw two figures independently much better than individuals with an intact brain because
there are no interfering motor responses because each hemisphere is acting separately
In terms of processing speech
left-handers often process speech in more areas of the brain
In the brain, unconscious information processing
occurs in parallel with conscious information processing
The ability to simultaneously copy different figures with the right and left hand is most characteristic of those whose ________ has been cut.
Split-brain patients have had their ________ surgically cut.
The cerebral cortex is composed of two sides or __________.
Your life would be most immediately threatened if you suffered destruction of the
Deaf people who use sign language typically
process language in their left cerebral hemisphere
While mapping the motor cortex, researchers Foerster and Penfield found that
body areas requiring the greatest control occupied the greatest amount of cortical space.
In higher animals, visible portions of the brain are covered with a wrinkled layer of gray matter called the
An elderly acquaintance of yours has suffered from partial blindness since she had a stroke. Apparently the stroke damaged her
After Kato's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Kato is most likely to have difficulty
playing his guitar
A patient who suffered a stroke says that she no longer recognizes herself in a mirror. Which brain structure was likely damaged in the stroke?
The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in
the children who have a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed
By using electrical stimulation, reward (or "pleasure centers") and punishment (or "aversive" areas) can be shown to exist in the
The pons acts as a bridge between the medulla and other brain areas and influences
sleep and arousal
The parietal lobes are to ________ as the occipital lobes are to ________.
sensing touch; seeing
The region of your cerebral cortex that enables you to recognize a person as your own mother is
Which brain area is primarily involved with reading aloud?
The "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the
The most obvious difference between the human brain and the brain of a carp would be in the
There is a greater portion of motor cortex for the
hands and fingers
The occipital lobes are to ________ as the temporal lobes are to ________.
You are walking through a bad part of town, down a dark alley, and carrying a large amount of cash. Behind you, you hear a door open and close suddenly, and you immediately dive into the nearest trash container. The part of the forebrain mainly responsible for your reaction is the
When the cat's amygdala is electrically stimulated the cat prepares to attack by hissing and arching its back. Which division of the autonomic nervous system is activated by such stimulation?
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