Social Studies-World War 1: Section 1
Terms in this set (51)
Britain, France, Germany, and Italy competed for __________________________________.
colonies in Africa and Asia.
Germany had fewer colonies than Britain and France. Therefore, Germany felt it deserved ______________________________________.
more colonies to provide it (Germany) with resources and buy its goods.
Europeans were very nationalistic, meaning
that they had strong feelings of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward their own countries.
They wanted to prove their nations were the best. They placed their country's ___________ above all other concerns.
The belief that a nation needs a large military force
in 1914, a network of competing alliances bound European nations together. An attack _______________________________________. Any small conflict could become a larger war.
on one nation forced all its allies to come to its aid
The Central Powers countries/empires:
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria.
The Allied Powers countries/empires:
Serbia, Russia, France, Great Britain (England), Italy, and seven other countries.
Germany's goal was
to take France, so it invaded Belgium.
Instead of the war ending quickly, the two sides stayed stuck fighting each other in the mud for
more than three years.
This type of war was called
Troops huddled at the bottom of rat-infested trenches. They would fire __________ and _______ _______ at each other.
In the trenches, soldiers faced a constant threat of
Artillery fire turned the land between the two armies into "_______________". It was too dangerous to occupy (be in).
no man's land
When battles took place, they cost ___________________, often without gaining any ground.
many thousands of lives
smashed through barbed wire, crossed trenches, and cleared paths through no man's land.
fired 600 bullets a minute.
was used by both sides, burned and blinded soldiers.
______________ were used for the first time in World War I.
is an aviator who had downed five or more enemy aircraft.
At sea, Germany use submarines called
When the war broke out, President Wilson announced a policy of
refusing to take sides in the war.
Over time, the German attacks shifted public opinion to the _______ cause.
In 1915, German U-boats sank the ______________ which had _________ Americans on board. This turned many Americans against Germany.
President Wilson got Germany to agree to stop unrestricted submarine warfare, but they ended in 1917. The result was
the U.S. entering the war.
German-American relations became worse when the British found the
The message stated that ____________ should join with Germany and in return, Germany would help ________________________________________________________________.
Mexico get back its "lost" territories of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona back.
Events in Russia made the U.S. entry into the war urgent for the
Poor leadership by _________________ caused Russia to experience many deaths in the war and by 1917, food shortages led to _________________________________________________.
Czar Nicholas II
riots, and soaring inflation led to strikes by angry workers.
In March 1917, Czar Nicholas II was
forced to step down.
A temporary government took over and tried to continue the war. During that time, a group led by Lenin called the __________ took control of the government and set up a ________________________ system of government where the government owns the economy and there is no private property.
Lenin sought peace with Germany and signed the ____________________. This allowed the German soldiers to focus on the ___________________ making the allies urge American troops to come quickly.
Machine Gun: Descripsion (What did it do)
A rapid fire weapon, 600 bullets per minute, soldier did not have to stop to reload.
Machine Gun: How did it impact the war?
Armies used to attacking "head-on" were at a disadvantage. They could stop a large force from attacking. Led to thousands of casualties
Flamethrower: Descripsion (What did it do)
It sprayed burning fuel on victims, a single soldier could carry this weapon unlike before.
Flamethrower: How did it impact the war?
It took an old weapon with improvements allowing one soldier to create havoc and destroy the enemy.
Artillery: Descripsion (What did it do)
Improvements allowed for easy use in loading and firing on the enemy before an advancement. Used on barbed wire and machine gun nests.
Artillery: How did it impact the war?
Caused more than half of the battlefield casualties. Belgian forts crumbled.
Tank: Descripsion (What did it do)
They can roll over barbed wire, trenches and protect soldiers from gun fire.
Tank: How did it impact the war?
Helped end the stalemate in the trenches at the end of the war moving ahead of advances.
Trench System: Descripsion (What did it do)
Dug into the ground for protection. Front line trenches with machine guns (etc.) with trenches behind for supplies.
Trench System: How did it impact the war?
Led to the stalemate early in the war because each side did not want to face the enemies trenches.
Poison Gas: Descripsion (What did it do)
New to war, most terrifying threat to a soldier. Burned the throat and caused chest pains. Caused damage to lungs, blindness, blisters.
Poison Gas: How did it impact the war?
If you survived a gas attack, your injuries were lifelong. Thus adding to the terror. Some died years after the war relating to a gas attack. Others were unable to hold a job due to a gas attack.
Airplane: Descripsion (What did it do)
Used to scout the enemy, fight other planes, and bomb the enemy.
Airplane: How did it impact the war?
Took the war to a new battlefield and showed its usefulness and versatility.
Battleship: Descripsion (What did it do)
They were heavily armed and armored. Used to sink many ships during the war on both sides. Victims to German submarines.
Battleship: How did it impact the war?
The battles at sea did not decide the war.
Submarine: Descripsion (What did it do)
Moved silently under the sea and was undetected until it was too late. Sank many ships.
Submarine: How did it impact the war?
Led to the U.S. entering the war. Lost its effect after ships started using the convoy system and laying mines.