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History Chapter 7
Section Quizzes and Vocab Terms; thanks Jonah
Terms in this set (68)
Along the banks of what river did the earliest Indian civilization begin?
priests, merchants, warriors, and servants
List 4 broad class groups under the Indian caste system?
wheel of life
What is the cycle of rebirths (reincarnation) called?
Mauryan and Gupta
Identify the two empires that temporarily brought national unity to India.
What famous Indian poet earned the name "The Shakespeare of India"?
What social group had the most esteemed position in Chinese society?
The Great Wall
What is the most remarkable building achievement that occurred under the Qin dynasty?
gunpowder, paper, ink, silk, porcelain
List 5 contributions China made to the West.
What was the basic social, religious, and political unit in early Japanese society?
What foreign culture had a profound effect on Japan's history?
What was the reform movement that sought to weaken the influence of local clan leaders and strengthen the emperor and central government?
What were Japanese warriors called?
What was the unwritten rule that governed the samurai?
What is the vast, grassy plains that stretch from Western China to Eastern Europe?
Temujin; Chinggis Khan
Who united the Mongol tribes and established a Mongol Empire in the steppes? What title was he given?
Kublai Khan; Yuan Dynasty
What Mongol ruler conquered China? What was the name of the Mongol Dynasty in China?
What city rose to prominence during the period of Mongol domination in Russia?
Babur; Mughal Dynasty
What descendant of Chinggis Kahn and Tamerlane set up a Mongol dynasty in India? What was the name of this dynasty?
What ancient African civilization conquered the Egyptians for a time?
What ancient African civilization converted to Christianity?
Ghana, Mali, Songhai; gold mines and camel caravans
Name the 3 western African kingdoms in chronological order. What were the two bases of their wealth?
What African kingdom was known for its metal working in bronze?
Gold, salt, animal skins
Name 3 items that were important goods in African trade
the physical features of a land
a fair-skinned people who came from central Asia sometime after 1500 BC and subdued the non-Aryan people of northwest India;established the Sanskrit
early Indian language established by the Aryans
collection of religious literature that contains the early traditions and religious beliefs of the Indians
extended family that includes the children, grandchildren, wives, and close blood relatives of a common ancestor
rigid social groups that India was divided into
Indian religion that has no formal statement of doctrine but is based on the Vedas and Upanishads; serves as the unifying influence in India's diverse society
the great Hindu god who permeates everything in the universe
Eastern religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha); a religion built upon works and moral behavior
founded Buddhism; called "Buddha" and "The Enlightened One"
Four Noble Truths
center of Buddha's teachings
suffering has a cause: selfish desires
Name the first of the Four Noble Truths
suffering can be overcome by destroying selfish desires
Name the second of the Four Noble Truths
suffering is a part of all existence
Name the third of the Four Noble Truths
If man follows the Eightfold Path, he will destroy selfish desires and end all suffering
Name the fourth of the Four Noble Truths
most famous Mauryan ruler grandson of Chandragupta; extended the Mauryan Empire to include all but the southern tip of India
fourth-century Indian empire under which India had perhaps its greatest era of prosperity and achievement
Chinese term reflecting the belief that China was the center of the earth
worship of a family's ancestors
"The Master"; most honored teacher in Chinese history
founder of Taoism; taught that "tao" was the pervading force in nature
founded by Lao-tzu; encouraged men to live in harmony with nature; became the basis of mystical, magical, and superstitious elements in Chinese society
Qin Shi Huang
Zheng' founder of the short-lived but memorable Qin Dynasty; first to unite the provinces of China under one strong centralized government
most famous Han ruler who drove back the Huns and extended China's territory
"Chinese Peace" established by the Han Dynasty
most popular and prolific poet in Tang Dynasty; wrote thousands of poems expressing emotional and sentimental themes
Japanese clan that forged a unified state; claimed divine lineage for the emperor
first emperor of Japan; according to legend he was a direct descendant of the sun goddess
a religion of feeling; stressed the supremacy of the sun goddess and the divine descent of the emperor
member of the imperial family who made Buddhism the favored national religion in the 7th century
a clan that took over Japan by marrying their daughters to the sons of the imperial family
leader of the Minamoto clan; became the supreme military leader of Japan when he defeated the only remaining powerful clan
"great general"; military ruler of Japan; held the real power of the Japanese government
title given to Temujin, meaning "universal ruler"; one of the greatest conquerors in history
grandson of Chinngis Khan; led Mongols into Europe, crushed the Russian defenses and penetrated Hungary and Poland
Mongol state based in Russia; founded by Batukhan; the strongest Mongol state in western Africa
Grand Prince from 1462-1505; Moscow refused to pay further tribute to the Mongols
Timur the lame; belonged to a Mongol-Turkish tribe and claimed to be a descendant of Chinggis Khan; raised an army and began a new wave of Mongol invasions
"The Tiger"; descendant of Chinggis Khan and Tamerlane, became the leader of the Turkish-Mongol tribes in modern-day Afghanistan
most successful Mongol ruler
south of the Sahara desert
Syrian Christian who converted the whole kingdom
most famous ruler of Mali
language of the city-states
marrying more than one spouse
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