Unit 3: Mental Health ALL
Terms in this set (54)
What is Stress?
Your body's reaction to a dangerous/threatening situation (reaction to particular events, feeling created, body rising to the challenge, and to meet a tough situation)
What is Mental Health?
A state of well-being in which every individual realizes their own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively, and is able to make a contribution to society
What impacts mental health?
Social Media, Debt, Peer Pressure, School Work, World Events, Descrimination (?)
What is Mental Illness?
A disease of the brain that causes mild to severe disturbances of thought and/or behavior, resulting in an inability to cope with lake's ordinary demands and routines
Types of Mental Illnesses
Anxiety Disorders, Mood Disorders, Dementias, Eating Disorders, Schizophrenia/Psychotic Disorders
Attention, memory, use of language, perception, creativity, and thinking
The 6 core emotions (sadness, happiness, etc...)
Types of Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine, Serotonin, Dopamine, Endorphins, GABA, Norepinephrine
Stimulates muscle contractions, attention, memory, learning, and intellectual functioning
Responsible for your general sense of well-being: mood, appetite, sleep, memory, and learning
Responciable for pleasure sensations (reward circuit), volentary movement, and learning
Involved in pain perception and positive emotions
Contributes to motor control, sleep cycles, vision, and other crutial functions
Responsible for fight or flight response, moodle control, movement, and learning
Parts of a Neuron
Axon, Dendrite, Synapse, Cell Body
Sends impulses and extends from cell bodies to meet and deliver impulses to another neuron
Receive electrical impulses from other neurons
Tiny gap between neurons
Includes the nucleus, cytoplasm, and other cell organelles
Important Areas of the Brain
ACC, PFC, Amygdala, Hippocampus, and HPA
Thinking, judgement, decision making
Mood (Also, can be found in the Hippocampus, so their functions often overlap)
What is an SSRI?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (Remember: The Ball Expample)
Sections of the Brain
Right Hemisphere, Left Hemisphere, and Corpus Callosum
Emotional control self awareness, motivation, judgement, problem soliving, taling, movememnt, and initionation
Memory, hearing, understanding, language, and processing information
Sense of touch, spatial awareness, and acedemic functions (such as reading)
Coordination, skilled motor activities
Breathing, heart rate, arousal, etc...
The body has _________ cells.
What is a neuron?
Normal Cells vs Neurons
Normal Cells work alone, but Neurons must work in a team
Types of Depression
Major Depression, Persistent Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Postpartum Depression, and Psychotic Depression
Completely debilitating, unrelenting sadness for 2 or more weeks, apathy (don't care)/(can't see the point) Causes: a death, financial crisis, injury, cancer, abuse/violence, sexual assault
Persistent Depressive Disorder
Lesser form of major depression, impacts how much you enjoy day-to-day life, must have for more than two years for a diagnosis, there is no "one size fits all" for medication
DIfferent types (Mania and Depression & Aggression and Depression)
What is Mania?
The highest high, very impulsive
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Usually caused by cold weather (i.e. fall and winter), scientific cause: restricted light exposure (less vitamin D), Active life vs Inside all the time, Common in New England/Seattle/Alaska (24 hour darkness)
Not the "Baby Blues", hormones go from x4 production to x1, Lack of sleep from caring for infants, difficult proccess to raise a child, may cause a disconnection from the baby or spethy, harmful for the baby because they cannot be cared for properly
Depression with sings of psychosis (voices, alternate realities, etc...), can be diagnosed at any time, the cause is unknown DIFFERENT FROM SCHIZOPHRENIA
Causes of Depression
MANY MANY FACTORS (Genetics, Life Experiences, etc...)
Treatments for Depression
Medications, Talk Therapy, and more
An anxiety disorder
Types of Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder/Specific Phobias, Social Anxiety Disorder, and Obsesseive Compulsive Disorder
What causes Anxiety?
This is mostly unknown. It can be impacted by genetics or an overactive Amygdala, but mostly the causes are not known.
What is GAD?
Generalized Anxiety Disorder; Intensity, duration, and frequency often are unproportional to the problem, and some causes can be jobs or finance
What is PTSD?
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder; Caused by an exposure to trauma (ex. serious accident, natural disaster, sexual assult, etc..), people reexperience the event in question
What is Panic Disorder?
When someone experiences panic attacks frequently, can mimic symptoms of a heart attack, symptoms includes nausea, tinling, and sweating
What is Social Anxiety?
What is OCD?