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29 terms

Chap 12 - Politics

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authority
power that people accept as rightly exercised over them; also called legitimate power
charismatic authority
authority based on an individual's outstanding traits, which attract followers
citizenship
the concept that birth (and residence) in a country impart basic rights
coalition government
a government in which a country's largest party aligns itself with one or more smaller parties
coercion
power that people do not accept as rightly exercised over them; also called illegitimate power
confederal union
system of government in which the provinces have most of the powers and the central government has little authority
dehumanization
the act or process of reducing people to objects that do not deserve the treatment accorded humans
democracy
a system of government in which authority derives from the people; derived from two Greek words that translate literally as "power to the people"
dictatorship
a form of government in which power is seized by an individual
direct democracy
a form of democracy in which the eligible voters meet together to discuss issues and make their decisions
macropolitics
the exercise of large-scale power, the government being the most common example
micropolitics
refers to the exercise of power in everyday life
monarchy
a form of government headed by a king or queen
nationalism
a strong identity with a nation, accompanied by the desire for that nation to be dominant
noncentrist party
a political party that represents less popular ideas
oligarchy
a form of government in which power is held by a small group of individuals; the rule of the many by the few
pluralism
the diffusion of power among many interest groups, preventing any single group from gaining control of the government
power
he ability to carry out one's will, even over the resistance of others
power elite
C. Wright Mills' term for those who rule the country: the top people in the leading corporations, the most powerful generals and admirals of the armed forces, and certain elite politicians, who make the nation's major decisions
proportional representation
an electoral system in which seats in a legislature are divided according to the proportion of votes each political party receives
rational-legal authority
authority based on law or written rules and regulations; also called bureaucratic authority
representative democracy
a form of democracy in which voters elect representatives to govern and make decisions on their behalf
revolution
armed resistance designed to overthrow a government
state
a political entity that claims monopoly on the use of violence in some particular territory; commonly known as a country
totalitarianism
a form of government that exerts almost total control over the people
traditional authority
authority based on custom
unitary state
form of government in which all power resides with the central government
universal citizenship
the idea that everyone has the same basic rights by virtue of being born in a country (or by immigrating and becoming a naturalized citizen)
war
armed conflict between nations or politically distinct groups