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Prentice Hall ch 17 vocab, mechanical waves

mechanical wave

disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to another


the material through which a wave travels


highest point above rest position


lowest point below rest position

transverse wave

wave that causes the medium to vibrate at right angles to the direction that the wave travels


area where particles are close together in a longitudinal wave


area where particles are spread out in a longitudinal wave

longitudinal wave

a wave in which the vibration of the medium is parallel to the direction the wave travels

surface wave

wave that travels along a surface separating 2 media


time required for one complete cycle of wave to pass


number of cycles in a given time; measured in Hz


distance between a point on one wave and the same point on the next cycle of the wave


maximum displacement of medium from rest position


the unit of frequency, equal to one cycle per second

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