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US History Since 1876 Test 3
Terms in this set (50)
The man who served as the director of "The War Industries Board" during WW1 was
The "Attorney General" of the US, who was responsible for a series of raids against "suspected subversives" in the period immediately following WW1 was named
A. Mitchell Palmer
Which one of the following was NOT a factor which led to the massive Republican victory in the Presidential Election of 1920?
Negative international consequences of the Fortney McCumber Tarriff of 1922
The Republican party candidate for President during the election of 1920 was a man named
Warren G. Harding
An American economic assistance program in the year 1924 which was specifically designed to help the nation of Germany make its reparation payments to the allies was known as
The Dawes Plan
These dealt with the issue of "arms limitations" during the decade of the 1920's.
Washington Naval Conferences
The "disarmament movement" of the post-WW1 era ended when?
The Japanese delegation walked out at the "London Naval Conference" of 1935
An international agreement in the year 1928, which was designed to "outlaw war" as an instrument of the national policy, was known as the
Kellog Briand Peace Pact
Native Americans were finally given the right to vote by the
Henry Ford's arrangement with his work force was known as the
Which one of the following was not an element of the "Popular Culture" which developed during the decade of the 1920's?
Four Correct Ideas:
1: radios were sold by millions
2: first girly magazines were published
3: many of the nation's amusement parks were constructed
4: sexual encounters became easier for young people with the keys to Dad's car
The Constitutional Amendment which "prohibited manufacture, sale, transport, or consumption of alcoholic beverages" was the
The act of Congress which implemented provisions of the 18th Amendment to The Constitution was the
Volstead Act of 1920
The Constitutional Amendment which prohibited alcoholic beverages in the US was repealed by the
21st Amendment to The Constitution
The act of Congress which set severe limitations on the number of new immigrants who would be allowed to enter the US annually was the
National Origins Act of 1924
Which one of the following was NOT among the important effects of Prohibition?
The act of Congress which created "The Federal Farm Board" was the
Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929
A stagnant national economy may often be revived if the Federal Government spends as freely as possible... with funds it does not have. When the government spends more than it receives in revenues in any given year, this type of policy is referred to as
The act of Congress which created "The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation" was the
Glass Steagall Banking Reform Act
The act of Congress which allowed President Franklin D. Roosevelt to negotiate the low-tarrif trade treaties with foreign nations in an effort to retrieve international commerce was called
The Trade Agreement Act of 1933
Even though prohibition was still in effect, Congress provided for the distillation of some alcoholic beverages when what passed?
Beer and Wine Revenues Act 1933
The act of Congress which provided millions of dollars to build dams and hydroelectric projects in the flood-ravaged valleys of the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers was called
The Tennessee Valley Authority Act of 1933
The "New Deal" agency which was responsible for the construction of "The Grand Coulee Dam," the largest structure built by man since the "Great Wall of China," was
The Public Works Administration
The act of Congress which created a new "watchdog agency" to oversee the activities of the Stock Market was
The Securities Exchange Act of 1934
The act of Congress which laid the foundations for a system of old-age, disability, and unemployment insurance, financed by a combination of employee and employer contributions, was the
Social Security Act 1935
The act of Congress which created the "National Labor Relations Board" was
The Wagner Act
In 1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt attempted to alter the composition of the "U.S. Supreme Court" with a scheme known as
The Court Packing Plan
Which one of the following was not a cause of World War 2?
As a result of the provisions of the "Treaty of Versailles"...
the "balance of power" in Central Europe was destroyed with the breakup of the "Austro-Hungarian Empire"
In September of 1940, "Nazi Germany," "Fascist Italy," and "The Empire of Japan" created the "Axis Alliance" by signing
The Tripartite Pact
In September of 1939, "World War 2" began in Europe when Great Britain and France declared war in response to the
German Attack on Poland
Which one of the following was NOT a major cause of "The Great Depression" in the U.S.?
debt from world war 2
Which one of these was NOT a cause of American Isolationism in the 1920's and 1930's?
Four correct ideas:
1) A high percentage of Americans wished to avoid going to war with the Axis Powers unless we were actually attacked
2)The Great Depression caused the U.S. to focus on domestic affairs
3) Unpaid debt from WW1 caused most Americans to believe we should avoid Europe's troubles in the future
4) The series of "Neutrality Acts"
A senate investigation in 1934, which placed the blame for American entry into WW1 on the heads of the bankers and munitions-makers, the so called "Merchants of Death," was known as?
Nye Report of 1934
"The US will not loan money to any nation which did not pay back its WW1 debt." This act of Congress, which was one of the "Neutrality Acts" of the 1930's, was known officially as?
The Johnson Act 1934
"The US will not sell war-making materials to any belligerent nations." This one of the "Neutrality Acts" of the 1930's was known officially as?
The Arms Embargo Act of 1935
In August of 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to not to attack each other as a portion of?
The Non-Agression Pact/Neutrality Pact
Benito Mussolini's developmental program in Italy during the 1920's and 30's was known as?
In May of 1939, Germany and Italy became military allies by signing:
The Pact of Steel
"The National Socialist Workers Party" is known more commonly as?
Which one of the following is not a correct pairing of an Axis nation and one of its war aims during WW2?
When Winston Churchill became the British Prime Minister in the early stages of WW2, he replaced a man named?
The legislation passed by Congress in 1938, which was intended to provide the funding for the construction of a new US Navy, was?
The Vinson Act
The US officially entered WW2 as a direct result of?
the attack by Japanese Military Forces on the American forces and installations at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands
The slaughter of over 11 million innocent civilians by Nazi Germany between 1942-45, most of whom were members of European racial/ethnic minority groups, is now referred to as?
The Allies decided to concentrate on defeating Germany first, while fighting a "holding action" against Japan in the Pacific, at a wartime conference held in the city of?
President Harry S. Truman and the other leaders of The Allies discussed the postwar fate of Europe at a wartime conference held in the city of?
Which one was NOT a new form of weaponry or technology which was first employed during WW2?
Four correct ideas:
1) Radios, for long-range/battlefield communication
2) Radar, for detecting presence of vehicles
3) Sonar, used to detect presence of sub-surface vessels
4) Atomic Bombs, used to destroy urban targets in Japan
The only nation to date which has used nuclear devices as weapons of mass destruction against human beings is?
The United States
Which one was NOT a result of WW2?
Four correct ideas:
1) Two "super powers" emerged, The US and the SU
2) France & GB were so weakened by the way that they would lose their colonial empires shorty after
3) Europe & Japan were devastated and would require massive amounts of American capital for rebuilding
4) In the US, military/industrial complex had been created, which continues to the present day
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