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By 1900, a greater proportion of the population was urbanized in the
A. Atlantic seaboard.
B. Midwest.
C. Pacific coast.
D. Northeast.

Pacific Coast

After 1890, the "new immigrants" included all the following except
A. Polish Jews.
B. Scots-Irish.
C. Italians.
D. Greeks.


One effect of urban sanitary reforms was
A. more fertilizer for farmers in surrounding areas.
B. cleaner rivers and lakes.
C. a decline in diseases such as typhoid fever.
D. cleaner city government.

a decline in diseases such as typhoid fever

In the 1880s, the source of foreign immigration to the United States shifted from
A. Europe to Asia and Africa.
B. northeastern Europe to Latin America.
C. Canada and the British Empire to Asia.
D. northwestern Europe to southeastern Europe.

northwestern Europe to southeastern Europe

"Nativism" included religious prejudice against all the following except
A. Buddhists.
B. Catholics.
C. Presbyterians.
D. Jews.


In 1882, Congress passed legislation to exclude immigrants from
A. southern and eastern Europe.
B. Latin America.
C. northern and western Europe.
D. China.


The American Protective Association was an organization that
A. helped the new immigrants.
B. was located in California.
C. promoted governmental restrictions on immigration.
D. encouraged Jewish immigration.

promoted governmental restrictions on immigration

In the 1890s, Dr. James Naismith
A. advocated the social gospel movement.
B. developed the Johns Hopkins University graduate program based on the German model.
C. invented basketball.
D. was a major naturalist writer.

invented basketball

The implications of social Darwinism included
A. a belief in the progress of human societies.
B. support for the social gospel.
C. government action to protect women and children.
D. advocacy of urban sanitary reforms.

belief in the progress of human societies

Anti-liquor societies and individuals included all the following except
A. the Women's Christian Temperance Union.
B. Carry Nation.
C. Adolphus Busch.
D. the Anti-Saloon League.

Adolphus Busch

Middle-class recreation for women and children included all the following except
A. bicycling.
B. Vaudeville.
C. croquet.
D. tennis.


Vaudeville was the name given to
A. the first cinemas.
B. saloons.
C. variety shows.
D. none of the above

variety shows

A pioneer in making parks available for city dwellers was
A. Charles Darwin.
B. Lester Frank Ward.
C. Frederick Law Olmsted.
D. Herbert Spencer.

Fredrick Law Olmsted

The phrase "survival of the fittest" was coined by
A. James Naismith.
B. Herbert Spencer.
C. John Dewey.
D. Grover Cleveland

Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer's disciple who popularized social Darwinism in America was
A. Lester Frank Ward.
B. William Graham Sumner.
C. John Dewey.
D. Grover Cleveland.

William Graham Sumner

In the late nineteenth century, more people moved from rural areas to the cities than from the East to the West.
A. True
B. False


The Morrill Act granted each state land grants to establish colleges promoting agricultural and mechanical education.
A. True
B. False


In 1890, 80 percent of New Yorkers were foreign born.
A. True
B. False


By 1900, the United States had more saloons than grocery stores.
A. True
B. False


"Nativism" was the belief that immigrants could, and should, be Americanized quickly.
A. True
B. False


In 1892 Ellis Island became the gateway of entry for immigrants from Asia.
A. True
B. False


The most democratic sport in America was baseball.
A. True
B. False


Vassar was the first women's college that had the same standards as men's colleges,
A. True
B. False


William James wrote Pragmatism, stating his belief that the Bible was God's truth and should not be questioned.
A. True
B. False


In 1900, Manhattan's over 40,000 tenements housed over 1.5 million people.
A. True
B. False


One reason for the spread of public education was to "Americanize" the new immigrants.
A. True
B. False


Charles Darwin did not agree with Herbert Spencer's adaptation of his ideas to the human realm.
A. True
B. False


The first professional baseball team was the New York Yankees.
A. True
B. False


African Americans played in major league baseball from the very first years.
A. True
B. False


Many breweries were established by German Americans.
A. True
B. False


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