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Physiological Psychology Practice Exam 2
Terms in this set (13)
According to Sapolsky, stress is exacerbated if:
There is no outlet for frustration and no sense of control, No social support and no impression that something better will follow. There is a fall in the dominance hierarchy. All of the above
According to the digital film shown in class entitled "The Brain and Nervous System: Your Information Superhighway" The 5 senses have specialized receptors to translate sensory information into nerve impulses (transduction). In the skin, these receptors are referred to as:
CUTANEOUS SENSE ORGANS
According to Sapolsky, Joseph LeDoux of NYU has shown that repeatedly placing rats in a fear provoking situation can bring about _____ in the _____
Long term potentiation; amygdala
According to the digital film shown in class entitled "The Brain and Nervous System: Your Information Superhighway", the sense of sight is possible because light enters the eye:
THROUGH THE CORNEA, TRAVELS THROUGH THE PUPIL, IS THEN REFRACTED BY THE LENS, APPEARS ON THE RETINA, LEADING TO THE STIMULATION OF PHOTO RECEPTORS SENDING INFO TO THE OPTIC NERVE AND BRAIN
According to the digital film shown in class entitled "The Brain and Nervous System: Your Information Superhighway", The sense of taste is possible because of thousands of taste buds on the tongue where different ___ is detected by these receptors on the ___
SWEETNESS, FRONT OF TONGUE
SOURNESS; SIDES OF TONGUE
SALTY; TIP AND SIDES OF TONGUE
BITTER; BACK OF TONGUE (ALL OF THE ABOVE)
According to the digital film shown in class entitled "The Brain and Nervous System: Your Information Superhighway", The sense of hearing is possible because sound waves:
ENTER THE OUTER EAR AND TRAVELS TO THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL, STRIKING THE EAR DRUM (TYMPANIC MEMBRANE), FOLLOWED BY CONTACT WITH THE HAMMER, ANVIL, STIRRUP AND COCHLEA WHICH TURNS VIBRATIONS INTO NERVE IMPULSES
According to the digital film shown in class, the sense of smell is possible due to olfactory receptors located in the nasal cavity which has hairs attached called ___; that are covered by a coat of ___ that pass info to ___
CILIA; MUCOUS; OLFACTORY BULBS
According to Cahill, in the article entitled, His Brain, Her Brain, in a 1966 Scientific American article entitled "Sex Differences in the Brain", Seymour Levine of Stanford University described how sex hormones help to direct divergent reproductive behaviors in rats -- with males engaging in mounting and females arching their backs and raising their rumps to attract suitors. Levine mentioned only one brain region in his review
In the article entitled His Brain Her Brain, imaging experiments reveal that anatomical variations occur in an assortment of regions throughout the brain. Jill M. Goldstein of Harvard Medical School and her colleagues, for example, used MRI to measure the sizes of many cortical and subcortical areas. Among other things, these investigators found that parts of the _____, the seat of many higher cognitive functions, are bulkier in ______, as are parts of the ______, which is involved in emotional responses.
Frontal cortex; women than in men; limbic cortex
According to Cahill in the article entitled, His Brain Her Brain, the Goldstein research group also found that parts of the ______, which is involved in space perception, are bigger in men than in women, as is the______, an almond shaped structure that responds to emotionally arousing information (anything that gets the heart pumping and the adrenaline flowing).
Parietal cortex; amygdala
In the article entitled Diagnosing Disorders Steven Hyman suggest that:
All of the above
In the article entitled, Diagnosing Disorders, Steve Hyman states that imaging of the brain shows that:
a specific type of schizophrenia causes a pattern of tissue loss in the cerebral cortex
In the article entitled Your Personal Pathology, Sapolsky discusses discoveries that unveil the effects of dramatic interaction between gene and the environment on behavior. In this article, what does Sapolsky state was Cspi's contribution to our understanding of the role of stressful environments?
His work showed that having an abnormal gene increases the risk of depression, but only in a stressful situation.
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