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understand cell biology and cancer
Terms in this set (42)
a scientist specializing in biomedical research for cancer may analyze which cellular component when studying the life cycle of a cell?
MOST human cells contain two copies of each gene. These copies are called:
a patient was just told that he has cancer. What medical term will be used by the doctor to document these positive test results?
A cancerous tumor's function closely resembles which part of the human body?
the jelly-like substance inside a cell refers to the:
which therapy may be used to treat cystic fibrosis, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease, hemophilia, and certain cancers?
the origin of most malignant tumors are:
what type of cancer is a female patient predisposed to if she has already been diagnosed with HPV?
the number of people diagnosed with cancer each year per 100,000 people refers to:
the nucleus of a cancer cell when compared to a normal cell is:
the Gardisil vaccine has been advertised to reduce the rates of cervical cancer; however, this immunization works for males and females alike against which viral infection common among young adults?
what system in the human body can recognize foreign cells like cancer cells?
which term refers to a tumor that is NOT deemed cancerous and has NOT invaded nearby tissues?
what type of biopsy removes the entire lesion?
a chronic cough, blood-tinged sputum, and dyspnea are symptoms of which cancer?
which lifestyle factor is the BEST way to prevent most forms of skin cancer?
avoiding sun exposure during peak hours
when cancer is diagmosed, fair skin and the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are examples of:
the main contributing factor for MOST cases of uncontrolled cell division that occurs in human cancers is:
mutation of genes
what is malanoma?
cancer of pigmented cells
what is the main difference between cancer cells and normal cells?
cancer cells grow at a faster rate than normal cells
the number of people alive at some point AFTER they have been diagnosed with cancer refers to:
which type of biopsy, also called a cytology test, uses a very thin needle, does not cut through the skin, but sometimes does not remove enough tissue for a definite diagnosis?
fine needle aspiration biopsy
any substance that causes cancer by either damaging genes or disrupting metabolic processes is called a:
Martha's colon cancer has NOT spread. When abnormal cells are only found in the tissue of origin, this refers to:
which approach would effectively and noninvasively address MOST forms of cancer?
cancer-associated mutations change key:
what is a chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and causes a genetic alteration?
which DNA structure provides a det of instructions for a cell to make specific proteins?
the incidence of cancer would be highest in which person?
70-year-old white male
UV light, radium, and coal tar are examples of:
in the normal cellular processes, which genes inhibit cell division?
what disease may be the result of genetic changes over long periods of time?
the American Cancer Society has stated that one-third of all cancers are caused by:
a mass of cancerous cells that originates in the epithelial layer of skin or within the lining of internal organs is known as a/an:
cancer is the breakdown of what normal body process?
which statment below BEST describes hyperplasia?
the organ or tissue is enlarged due to the increased reproduction rate of cells during the initial stage of cancer
during which phase of tumor development is the mass considered malignant?
which preident signed the National Cancer Act of 1971 and declared "war on cancer"?
in a population of 100 men, how many will develope cancer at some point during their lifetime?
Beth was diagnosed with breast cancer that has spread to her bone. Her cancer is:
DNA segments at the end of chromosomes that play a part in cell age are called:
which type of cancer accounts for the highest number of deaths each year?
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