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Terms in this set (25)
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Created in 1970, Williams Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act. Agency to conduct research and make recommendations to OSHA for development of regulations.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. creates framework for proper management of haz and non-haz solid waste. Control haz-waste from cradle to grave.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensations, Liability Act (Superfund) created in 1980. Authorized 2 types of response actions: short-term removal and long-term remedial response actions. Within it the National Priorities List was created. Also enabled revision of National Contingency Plan (NCP) which provides guidelines and procedures needed to respond to releases and threats of release of haz substances.
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, 1986. Revised Hazard Ranking System to ensure it accurately assessed degree of risk to human health when exposed. Stressed importance of permanent remedies and innovative treatment technologies in cleaning up haz sites. Increased size of trust fund to 8.5 billion. Increased state, federal, and citizen involvement in decision making. Increased focus on human health problems posed by haz waste sites.
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
29 CFR 1910.120(a)(1) - What 5 operations are covered by the Hazwoper standard?
(I) Government required clean-up operations for uncontrolled haz waste sites (II) Corrective actions involving clean-up operations covered by RCRA (III) Voluntary cleanup operations at sites recognized as uncontrolled haz waste sites (IV) Operations involving haz waste conducted at TSD facilities (V) Emergency response operations for releases of, or substantial threats of releases of , hazardous substances without regard to locations of hazard.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Created in 1970, Williams Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act. Charged with developing regs to promote health and safety in workplace.
Authorized by CERCLA. Where actions may be taken to address releases or threatened releases requiring prompt response.
Long-term remedial response actions
Authorized by CERCLA. Permanently and significantly reduce dangers associated with releases or threats of releases of haz substances that are serious, but not immediately life threatening. These actions can be conducted only at sites on NPL.
Process of determining the risk of a particular material and what protective action should be taken
Safety Hierarchy of controls
Elimination > Substitution > Engineering controls (guardrails to prevent falls, ventilation systems to improve air quality) > Administrative controls (signs that indicate confined space hazards, rules requiring work in teams, work rotation schedules) > PPE
Hazardous materials identification 7 primary clues
MSDS/Shipping papers/haz waste manifest, container shapes/types, placards/labels, detection equipment, markings/colors, type of occupancy/location, senses
Haz waste definition
Different definitions depending on agency (RCRA, CERCLA, DOT)
Blue - health, Red - flammability, Yellow - reactivity, White - special hazards. 0-4 ranking systme
1-explosives, 2-compressed gasses, 3-flammable liquids, 4-flammable solids, 5-oxidizers, 6-toxic materials/infectious substances, 7-radioactive, 8-corrosives, 9-miscellaneous
Quality of a chemical that will mix or dissolve with water. Water solubility related to toxic effects in living tissues.
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL)
Lowest percentage of fuel in air that will support combustion
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL)
Highest percentage of fuel in air that will support combustion
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
HAZWOPER 40-Exam 1
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