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A. Richard Olney
B. Eugene V. Debs
C. George Pullman
D. John P. Altgeld

1. Head of the American Railway Union that organized the strike
2. Governor of Illinois who sympathized with the striking workers
3. United States attorney general who brought in federal troops to crush the strike
4. Owner of the "palace railroad car" company and the company town where the strike began

Which of the following was not among the small but dangerous international crises the United States experienced in the 1890s?

a conflict with Japan over naval refueling rights at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

In the decades after the Civil War, most American farmers

grew a single cash crop

President McKinley justified American acquisition of the Philippines primarily by emphasizing that

there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition

To justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked the

Monroe Doctrine

After exploring much of the West, geologist John Wesley Powell warned in 1874 that

land west of the 100th meridian could not be farmed without extensive irrigation

Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was forced from her power in 1893 because

she opposed annexation to the United States and insisted that native Hawaiians should continue to control Hawaii

America's initial Open Door Policy was essentially an argument to promote

free trade in China

Teddy Roosevelt promoted what might be called a "Bad Neighbor" policy by

adding the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and intervening in Latin American affairs

At the time, the greatest controversy emerging from the Spanish-American War was over

the US colonial acquisition of the Philippines

Many Americans became concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China because they

feared that American missions would be jeopardized and Chinese markets closed to non-Europeans

Which of the following prominent American leaders was least enthusiastic about US imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?

Grover Cleveland

Teddy Roosevelt's role in the Panamanian Revolution involved

using American naval forces to block Colombian troops from crushing the revolt

American newspapers expanded their circulation and public attention by

printing sensationalist stories of sex and scandal

The actual purpose of the battleship Maine's visit to Cuba was to

protect and evacuate American citizens from the island

Theodore Roosevelt strongly encouraged the Panamanians to revolt against Colombia because

the Colombian senate had rejected the American offer to buy a canal route across Panama

The Teller Amendment

guaranteed that the United States would support Cuban independence after Spain was ousted

American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed

their economic potential for American businessmen seeking trade with China and other Asian nations

By acquiring the Philippine Islands at the end of the Spanish-American War, the United States

All of these

Theodore Roosevelt's aggressive involvement in the Panamanian revolt had the general international effect of

increasing anti-American sentiment throughout Latin America

In the 1900 presidential election, the Democratic party and its candidate, William Jennings Bryan, insisted that ___ was the paramount issue of the campaign


A primary reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was

that growing tensions with Germany made Britain reluctant to engage in conflict with the United States

The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to

justify US intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries

As a vice presidential candidate in 1900, Teddy Roosevelt

countered William Jennings Bryan's popular appeal by engaging in his own flamboyant campaign

In post-Civil War America, Indians surrendered their lands only when they

received solemn promises from the government that they would be left alone and provided with supplies on the remaining land

All of the following became possessions of the United States under the provisions of the Treaty of Paris with Spain except


In response to the Boxer Rebellion, the United States

abandoned its general principles of nonentanglement and noninvolvement overseas conflict

As leader of the African American community, Booker T. Washington

promoted black self-help but did not challenge segregation

The extended Open Door policy advocated in Secretary John Hay's second note to all the great powers called on them to

uphold the territorial integrity of China

President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because

he believed that the native Hawaiians had been wronged and that a majority of Hawaiians opposed annexation to the United States

The New Immigrants who came to the United States after 1880

were culturally different from previous immigrants

The battleship Maine was sunk by

an accidental internal explosion on the ship

When the United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish American War

it met almost no resistance from Spanish forces

The primary diplomatic result of Roosevelt's diplomatic ending of the Russo-Japanese War was that

both Japan and Russia became increasingly hostile to the United States

The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian


The United States signed the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty with ___, the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty with ___, and the Gentlemen's Agreement with ___.

Britain; Panama; Japan

The most successful American military action during the Spanish American War was largely due to

effective use of the new steel navy

China's Boxer Rebellion was an attempt to

throw out or kill all foreigners

The United States gained a perpetual lease on the Panama Canal Zone in the

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

Late nineteenth century farmers believed that their difficulties stemmed primarily from

a deflated currency

The relatively small Japanese immigration into California in the early 1900s led to

growing racial discrimination and fear of a yellow peril

The secret Gentlemen's Agreement that President Theodore Roosevelt worked out with the Japanese in 1907-1908

caused Japan to halt the flow of laborers to American in the return for the repeal of a racist school decree by the San Francisco School Board

The major alternative route, besides Panama, that was seriously considered as the location for a canal between oceans was across


Two major sources of funding for the powerful new American research universities were

state land grants and wealthy, philanthropic industrialists

While big city political bosses and their machines were often criticized, they proved necessary and effective in the new urban environment because

they were more effective in serving urban immigrants' needs than weak state or local governments

President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain because

the American public and many leading Republicans demanded it

Construction of an isthmian canal across Central America was motivated mainly by

a desire to improve defense by allowing rapid naval movement between two oceans

The buffalo were nearly exterminated

through wholesale butchery by whites

In the Root-Takahira agreement of 1908

the United States and Japan agreed to respect each other's territorial holdings in the Pacific

The near-war between the United States and Britain over the Venezuela boundary crisis ultimately resulted in

a growing diplomatic reconciliation between the two English-speaking countries

The Darwinian theory of organic evolution through natural selection affected American religion by

creating a split between religious conservatives who denied evolution and accomodationists who supported it

As president, Teddy Roosevelt proved to be

a charismatic leader with a commitment to asserting presidential authority

The clash between Germany and America over the Samoan islands eventually resulted in

a colonial division of the islands between Germany and the United States

The place that offered the greatest opportunities for American women in the period 1865-1900 was

the big city

The nineteenth century humanitarians who advocated kind treatment of the Indians

had no more respect for traditional Indian culture than those who sought to exterminate them

In his book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion to

spread American religion and values to backward nations

American offered growing support for a free public education system

because they accepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens

On the whole, the United States Army's performance in Cuba was

crippled by logistical chaos and disease that killed thousands of soldiers

The United States frequent intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries in the early twentieth century

left a legacy of ill will and distrust of the United States throughout Latin America

During industrialization, Americans increasingly

shared a common and standardized popular culture

The numerous near wars and diplomatic crises of the United States in the late 1880s and 1890s demonstrated

the aggressive new national mood

President Roosevelt organized a conference in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1905 to

mediate a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War

Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the United States could be rushed through to the US Senate in 1893

President Harrison's term expired and anti-imperialist Grover Cleveland became president

American involvement in the affairs of Latin American nations, at the turn of the century, usually stemmed from

the fact that they were chronically in debt

The Philippine nationalist who led the insurrection against both Spanish rule and the later United States occupation was

Emilio Aguinaldo

Theodore Roosevelt became involved in the peace settlement for the Russo-Japanese War

when Japan secretly asked him to help

Labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were all of the following except

opposed to factory labor

The Plains Indians were finally forced to surrender

by the coming of the railroads and the virtual extermination of the buffalo

In 1899, guerilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because

the United States refused to give the Filipino people their independence

President McKinley's policy of benevolent assimilation in the Philippines

was not welcomed by the Filipinos

Regarding the presidency, Teddy Roosevelt believed that

the president could take any action not specifically prohibited by the laws and the Constitution

In 1890, when the superintendent of the census announced that a stable frontier line was no longer discernible, Americans were disturbed because

the idea of an endlessly open West had been an element of America's history from the beginning

Black leader Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois

demanded complete equality for African Americans

Labor unions, Populists, and debtors saw in the brutal Pullman episode

proof of an alliance between big business, the federal government, and the courts against working people

Farmers were slow to organize and promote their interest because they

were, by nature, highly independent and individualistic

On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, the Supreme Court ruled in the Insular Cases that

the American Constitution and laws did not apply to the US colonies

New Immigrant groups were regarded with special hostility by many nativist Americans because

their religions were distinctly different and some New Immigrants were politically radical

During the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Britain, the United States

threatened war with Britain and asserted its domination of Latin America

One major problem with the Homestead Act was that

160 acres were inadequate for productive farming on the rain-scarce Great Plains

Most New Immigrants

tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America

All of the following characteristics describe William Jennings Bryan in 1896 except he

disliked the concept of class conflict

Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that

control of the sea was the key to world domination

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