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Chapters 25-27 APUSH Final

STUDY
PLAY
A. Richard Olney
B. Eugene V. Debs
C. George Pullman
D. John P. Altgeld
1. Head of the American Railway Union that organized the strike
2. Governor of Illinois who sympathized with the striking workers
3. United States attorney general who brought in federal troops to crush the strike
4. Owner of the "palace railroad car" company and the company town where the strike began
Which of the following was not among the small but dangerous international crises the United States experienced in the 1890s?
a conflict with Japan over naval refueling rights at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
In the decades after the Civil War, most American farmers
grew a single cash crop
President McKinley justified American acquisition of the Philippines primarily by emphasizing that
there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition
To justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked the
Monroe Doctrine
After exploring much of the West, geologist John Wesley Powell warned in 1874 that
land west of the 100th meridian could not be farmed without extensive irrigation
Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was forced from her power in 1893 because
she opposed annexation to the United States and insisted that native Hawaiians should continue to control Hawaii
America's initial Open Door Policy was essentially an argument to promote
free trade in China
Teddy Roosevelt promoted what might be called a "Bad Neighbor" policy by
adding the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and intervening in Latin American affairs
At the time, the greatest controversy emerging from the Spanish-American War was over
the US colonial acquisition of the Philippines
Many Americans became concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China because they
feared that American missions would be jeopardized and Chinese markets closed to non-Europeans
Which of the following prominent American leaders was least enthusiastic about US imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?
Grover Cleveland
Teddy Roosevelt's role in the Panamanian Revolution involved
using American naval forces to block Colombian troops from crushing the revolt
American newspapers expanded their circulation and public attention by
printing sensationalist stories of sex and scandal
The actual purpose of the battleship Maine's visit to Cuba was to
protect and evacuate American citizens from the island
Theodore Roosevelt strongly encouraged the Panamanians to revolt against Colombia because
the Colombian senate had rejected the American offer to buy a canal route across Panama
The Teller Amendment
guaranteed that the United States would support Cuban independence after Spain was ousted
American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed
their economic potential for American businessmen seeking trade with China and other Asian nations
By acquiring the Philippine Islands at the end of the Spanish-American War, the United States
All of these
Theodore Roosevelt's aggressive involvement in the Panamanian revolt had the general international effect of
increasing anti-American sentiment throughout Latin America
In the 1900 presidential election, the Democratic party and its candidate, William Jennings Bryan, insisted that ___ was the paramount issue of the campaign
imperialism
A primary reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was
that growing tensions with Germany made Britain reluctant to engage in conflict with the United States
The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to
justify US intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries
As a vice presidential candidate in 1900, Teddy Roosevelt
countered William Jennings Bryan's popular appeal by engaging in his own flamboyant campaign
In post-Civil War America, Indians surrendered their lands only when they
received solemn promises from the government that they would be left alone and provided with supplies on the remaining land
All of the following became possessions of the United States under the provisions of the Treaty of Paris with Spain except
Hawaii
In response to the Boxer Rebellion, the United States
abandoned its general principles of nonentanglement and noninvolvement overseas conflict
As leader of the African American community, Booker T. Washington
promoted black self-help but did not challenge segregation
The extended Open Door policy advocated in Secretary John Hay's second note to all the great powers called on them to
uphold the territorial integrity of China
President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because
he believed that the native Hawaiians had been wronged and that a majority of Hawaiians opposed annexation to the United States
The New Immigrants who came to the United States after 1880
were culturally different from previous immigrants
The battleship Maine was sunk by
an accidental internal explosion on the ship
When the United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish American War
it met almost no resistance from Spanish forces
The primary diplomatic result of Roosevelt's diplomatic ending of the Russo-Japanese War was that
both Japan and Russia became increasingly hostile to the United States
The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian
assimilation
The United States signed the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty with ___, the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty with ___, and the Gentlemen's Agreement with ___.
Britain; Panama; Japan
The most successful American military action during the Spanish American War was largely due to
effective use of the new steel navy
China's Boxer Rebellion was an attempt to
throw out or kill all foreigners
The United States gained a perpetual lease on the Panama Canal Zone in the
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
Late nineteenth century farmers believed that their difficulties stemmed primarily from
a deflated currency
The relatively small Japanese immigration into California in the early 1900s led to
growing racial discrimination and fear of a yellow peril
The secret Gentlemen's Agreement that President Theodore Roosevelt worked out with the Japanese in 1907-1908
caused Japan to halt the flow of laborers to American in the return for the repeal of a racist school decree by the San Francisco School Board
The major alternative route, besides Panama, that was seriously considered as the location for a canal between oceans was across
Nicaragua
Two major sources of funding for the powerful new American research universities were
state land grants and wealthy, philanthropic industrialists
While big city political bosses and their machines were often criticized, they proved necessary and effective in the new urban environment because
they were more effective in serving urban immigrants' needs than weak state or local governments
President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain because
the American public and many leading Republicans demanded it
Construction of an isthmian canal across Central America was motivated mainly by
a desire to improve defense by allowing rapid naval movement between two oceans
The buffalo were nearly exterminated
through wholesale butchery by whites
In the Root-Takahira agreement of 1908
the United States and Japan agreed to respect each other's territorial holdings in the Pacific
The near-war between the United States and Britain over the Venezuela boundary crisis ultimately resulted in
a growing diplomatic reconciliation between the two English-speaking countries
The Darwinian theory of organic evolution through natural selection affected American religion by
creating a split between religious conservatives who denied evolution and accomodationists who supported it
As president, Teddy Roosevelt proved to be
a charismatic leader with a commitment to asserting presidential authority
The clash between Germany and America over the Samoan islands eventually resulted in
a colonial division of the islands between Germany and the United States
The place that offered the greatest opportunities for American women in the period 1865-1900 was
the big city
The nineteenth century humanitarians who advocated kind treatment of the Indians
had no more respect for traditional Indian culture than those who sought to exterminate them
In his book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion to
spread American religion and values to backward nations
American offered growing support for a free public education system
because they accepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens
On the whole, the United States Army's performance in Cuba was
crippled by logistical chaos and disease that killed thousands of soldiers
The United States frequent intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries in the early twentieth century
left a legacy of ill will and distrust of the United States throughout Latin America
During industrialization, Americans increasingly
shared a common and standardized popular culture
The numerous near wars and diplomatic crises of the United States in the late 1880s and 1890s demonstrated
the aggressive new national mood
President Roosevelt organized a conference in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1905 to
mediate a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War
Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the United States could be rushed through to the US Senate in 1893
President Harrison's term expired and anti-imperialist Grover Cleveland became president
American involvement in the affairs of Latin American nations, at the turn of the century, usually stemmed from
the fact that they were chronically in debt
The Philippine nationalist who led the insurrection against both Spanish rule and the later United States occupation was
Emilio Aguinaldo
Theodore Roosevelt became involved in the peace settlement for the Russo-Japanese War
when Japan secretly asked him to help
Labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were all of the following except
opposed to factory labor
The Plains Indians were finally forced to surrender
by the coming of the railroads and the virtual extermination of the buffalo
In 1899, guerilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because
the United States refused to give the Filipino people their independence
President McKinley's policy of benevolent assimilation in the Philippines
was not welcomed by the Filipinos
Regarding the presidency, Teddy Roosevelt believed that
the president could take any action not specifically prohibited by the laws and the Constitution
In 1890, when the superintendent of the census announced that a stable frontier line was no longer discernible, Americans were disturbed because
the idea of an endlessly open West had been an element of America's history from the beginning
Black leader Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois
demanded complete equality for African Americans
Labor unions, Populists, and debtors saw in the brutal Pullman episode
proof of an alliance between big business, the federal government, and the courts against working people
Farmers were slow to organize and promote their interest because they
were, by nature, highly independent and individualistic
On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, the Supreme Court ruled in the Insular Cases that
the American Constitution and laws did not apply to the US colonies
New Immigrant groups were regarded with special hostility by many nativist Americans because
their religions were distinctly different and some New Immigrants were politically radical
During the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Britain, the United States
threatened war with Britain and asserted its domination of Latin America
One major problem with the Homestead Act was that
160 acres were inadequate for productive farming on the rain-scarce Great Plains
Most New Immigrants
tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America
All of the following characteristics describe William Jennings Bryan in 1896 except he
disliked the concept of class conflict
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that
control of the sea was the key to world domination