36 terms

Drama Terms

Drama Terms for Ms. Just Class Test: Monday, May 20, 2013
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Act
a group of two or more scenes that form a major division of a play
actor/actress
a person who performs in a play, movie, or television program
aside
a remark spoken by a character in a play that the other actors on stage are not supposed to hear
cast
a list that tells who is the the play. It may describe the characters and how they are related to one another
chorus
a group of actors who speak together with one voice and describe or comment on the main action of the play
climax
the turning point in the plot - the point of high emotional tension. The outcome of the drama's main conflict i usually decided at the climax.
comedy
a play, movie, or television program that is funny and has a happy ending
crisis or conflict
a struggle between opposing characters or between opposing forces
critic
a person who forms and expresses judgments about the qualities of a performance of a play
dialogue
the conversations that characters have with one another. Through dialogue, a playwright reveals the characters, plot, and theme of a play
speech tag
the character's name. It helps a reader keep track of who is speaking
farce
a comic play with an unlikely plot and characters exaggerated for humorous effect
flashback
the insertion of an earlier event into a story, play, or movie
scene
smaller divisions within an act, usually happening in a particular time and place
foreshadowing
the use of clues or hunts suggesting events that will occur later in the plot. It help the reader or audience anticipate the outcome
irony
a technique that involves surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions or contrasts
Verbal Irony
Type of Irony: occurs when words are used to suggest the opposite of the usual meaning. Ex. Sarcasm
Situational Irony
Type of Irony: occurs when an event directly contradicts what is expected
Dramatic Irony
Type of Irony: occurs when the audience or reader knows something a character does not know
melodrama
a drama characterized by exaggerated emotions and conflicts between characters that often has a happy ending
monologue
a character speaks when alone on the stage or apart from the other characters. The other characters are unaware of what is being said
playbill
a poster announcing a theatrical performance, a theatrical program
playwright
the person who wrote the play (the author)
plot
the action of a play
poetic justice
a literary outcome in which bad characters are punished and good characters are rewarded
prop
a movable article that is not part of the play's scenery or costuming
scenery
the painted backdrops and other structures used to created the setting of the a play
screenplay
the script for a movie including descriptions of scenes and some camera directions
script
the written form of a play
set
the scenery constructed for a play
setting
the place and the time frame in which a play takes place. The setting usually described in a note or stage direction at the opening act and at each scene
soliloquy
a single character onstage thinking out loud. It lets the audience know what is in the character's mind
Stage Directions
usually in italics, tells the actors how to speak their lines, move, act, and look. It also tells the director how to stage the play
Theme
the message about life or human nature that is "the focus: in the story
tragedy
a serious play having an unhappy ending
tragic flaw
a character trait that leads one to his/her own downfall or destruction