BBC Session Prep 2
BBC Session Prep 2
Terms in this set (34)
What blood clotting factors are directly affected by a deficiency in vitamin K?
Factors 2, 7, 9, 10
Name three things that may trigger sickling in sickle cell anemia.
(1) Hypoxia (2) Dehydration (3) Acidosis
What type of pneumonia may result in the production of cold antibodies?
Deficiency of what may result in megaloblastic anemia and neurological symptoms?
What type of cell will rise in number in the blood following a severe hemorrhage?
If a patient were infected with parasites, what type of WBC would you expect to see increased in number?
Which type of leukemia is associated with the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome?
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
What cell type is classic in the diagnosis of Hodgkin's disease?
What disorder is associated with osteolytic lesions of the skull and pelvis, along with Bence Jones proteins in the urine?
What are the 3 features of Virchow's triad?
(1) Blood stasis (2) Hypercoagulability (3) Endothelial injury
What type arteritis must be diagnosed early in order to prevent blindness?
Giant cell arteritis
What kind of aneurysm is often associated with polycystic kidney disease?
What type of congenital heart anomaly is characterized by a continuous machine-like murmur
Patent ductus arteriosis (PDA)
What is Eisenmenger syndrome?
Reversal of a left-to-right shunt (cyanotic) to a right-to-left shunt (acycanotic)
In ischemic heart disease, what 2 different conditions can an ST segment elevation often present?
(1) Prinz-metals angina (2) Transmural (Q wave) MI
What are the 4 major complications that may follow a myocardial infarction?
(1) Arrythmia (2) CHF (3) Cardiogenic shock (4) Muscle rupture
Is dyspnea and orthopena a result of right-sided or left-sided heart failure?
What kind of endocarditis are those with previously damaged or abnormal heart valves more at risk of getting? What are the common organisms responsible for this?
Subacute endocarditis; (1) Strep viradans (2) Gram (-) bacilli
What syndrome involving the pericarium may occur following an MI?
What are the 5 features of the Major Jones criteria? What are they used to diagnose?
Mnemonic: JONES (1) Joints (arthritis) (2) Obvious (carditis) (3) Nodules (subcutaneous) (4) Erythema marginatum (5) Sydenham chorea; Rheumatic fever
Name the four major classifications of lung disease that represent obstructive lung disease?
(1) Asthma (2) Chronic bronchitis (3) Emphysemia (4) Brochiectasis
What restrictive lung disease is caused by the habitual inhalation of irritants such as coal dust and silica?
What is the drug of choice for vaginal candidiasis? Systemic candidiasis?
What is the drug of choice for Neisseria meningitidis? N. gonorrheae?
Penicillin G; Ceftriaxone
Name three anatomic aspects of the cervical vertebrae that differ from other spinal vertebrae?
(1) Bifid spinous process (2) Tranverse foramen (3) Unconvertable joints of luschka (uncinate process)
What ligament connects the dens to the foramen magnum?
Which scalenes aid in elevation of the first rib?
Anterior and Middle scalenes
If you are able to induce left translation, what type of sidebending are you inducing?
If the occiput is rotates right, in what direction is it sidebent?
If you are about to preform OMT on the cervical spine, in what area would one generally start?
What is the antidote for acetaminophen overdose?
What anti-tuberculosis drug is notorious for its hepatotoxicity?
Name the drugs that we studied to be P450 inducers?
MNEMONIC: One Pharmaceutical Brings About Rapid Liver Metabolism (1) OCP (2) Phenytoin (3) Barbituates (4) Alcohol (5) Rifampin (6) Levodopa (7) Methadone
Name the drugs that we studied to compete for renal transporters?
MNEMONIC: Some Pharmaceuticals Plus Urate Stop Transporter (1) Sulfonamides (2) Probenecid (3) Penicillin (4) Urate (5) Salicylates (aspirin) (6) Thiazides