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Suffixes: Basic Medical Terminology

a suffix is a word part used at the end of a term & desvribes or alters the meaning of the word part(s) that comes before the suffix. For example, -ectomy means "cut out" so appendectomy means "appendix cut out", or the procedure of surgically removing the appendix
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-algia
pain, painful
-asis
condition
-blast
young cell

cyt /o/ blast
-cele
swelling
-centesis
puncture for aspiration
-cide
killer
-cyte
cell

leuk / o / cyte= white blood cell
-ectomy
cut out, removal of, excision

splen / ectomy= removal of spleen
-emia
blood condtion

an / emia= lack of red blood cells
-genesis
production, development
-itis
inflammation

stoma / itis= inflammation of the mouth
-kin
in motion, action
-logy
study of

hemat / o/ logy= study of the blood
-megaly
enlargement

splen / o/ megaly= enlarged spleen
-odynia
pain
-oid
resembling
-oma
turmor

melan/ oma= mole or tumor maybe cancerous
-osis
condition

halit / osis= bad breath
-pathy
disease

my /o/ pathy= disease of the muscle
-penia
lack, abnormal reduction

leuk /o/ penia= lack of white blood cells
-pexy
fixation
-phagia
eating, swallowing

dys/ phagia= difficulty swallowing
-phasia
speaking condition
-phobia
fear

hydro / phobia
-plasty
plastic surgery

rhino/ plasty= plastic surgery of the nose
-plegia
paralysis

hemi / plegia)
-poiesis
formation
-ptosis
downward displacement,prolapse, sagging, sagged

blephar /o/ ptosis
-rhaphy
suture
-scope
instrument for examination

oto / scope
-scopy
examination

colon /o / scopy
-stomy
creation of an opening

ile /o / stomy=creation of an opening into the ileum
-tomy
incision, cut into

lapar /o/ tomy=cutting into the abdoment
-uria
urine
-emesis
vomiting

hyper / emesis= excessive vomiting
-ism
a condition

hyper / thyroid / ism= condition caused by an excessive production of thyroid hormones