21 terms

Cross cultural psychology chapter 4

changing ones understanding of the world to accomodate ideas that conflic with existing concepts
ambivalent attachment
Goes back and forth between seeking and shunning the mothers attention. Mothers are insensitive and less invovled
The belief that all things, including inanimate objects are alive
Fitting new ideas into a preeexisting understanding of the world
The bond that develops between the infant and the caregiver.
avoidant attachment
Children shun their mothers, who are suspected of being intrusive and overstimulating
The tendency to focus on a single aspect of a problem
cognitive development
Studies how thinking skills develop over time. The major theory of cognitive development is that of Piaget
an awarness that physical quantities remain the same even when they change shape or appearance
conventional morality
2nd stage in Kohlberg's theory, emphasizing conformity to rules that are defined by others approval or societys rules
difficult temperament
intense, irregular, withdrawing, style that is generally marked by negative moods
easy temperament
a very regular, adaptable, midly intense style of behavior that is positive and responsive
inability to step into anothers shoes and understand the others point of view
goodness of fit
interaction of a child's temperament with that of the parents. a key to the development of personality
great divide theory
Theory that suggests that the thought of westerners is superior to that of people who live in primitive societies
the inability to imagine undoing a process
postconventional morality
3rd stage in Kohlbergs theory emphasizing moral reasoning on the basis of individual principles and conscience
preconventional morality
1st stage in Kohlbergs theory emphasizing compliance with rules to avoid punishment and gain rewards
secure attachment
infants are described as warm and responsive to their caregiver
type of temperament in which infants need time to make transitions activity and experiences. Withdrawn intially, given time they will adapt and react positively
Qualities of responsiveness to the enivorment that exist from birth and evoke different reactions from people in the babys world