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17 terms

Cross Cultural Psychology Chapter 5

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Blind Spot
A spot in our visual field where the optic nerve goes through a layer of receptor cells on its way back toward the brain creating a lack of sensory receptors in the eye at that location
Carpentered world theory
A theory that suggests that people are used to seeing things that are rectangular in shape, and unconsciously expect things to have square corners
categorize
classifying objects on the basis of perceived similarities and attach labels to those classifications
cognition
a term denoting all mental processes we use to transform sensory input into knowledge
dialectical thinking
tendency to accept what seem to be contradictions in thought or beliefs
everyday congnition
cognitive skills and abilities that are used in everyday functioning that appear to develop without formal education
front-horizontal foreshortening theory
Theory of perception that suggests that we interpret vertical lines as horizontal lines extending into the distance
hindsight bias
The process of adjusting their memory for something after they find out the true outcome
multicultural studies
studies that examine cross-ethnic group differences within a country
optical illusions
a discrepancy between how an object looks and what it actually is
perception
The process of gathering information about the world through our senses
positive logical determinism
tendency to see contradictions as mutully exclusive categories
problem solving
the process by which we attempt to discover ways of achieving goals that do not seem readily attainable
sensation
the feelings that result from excitation of the sensory receptors such as touch, taste, smell, sight, or hearing
serial position effect
the finding that people remember soemthing better if its either the first of the last item on a list
Sterotype threat
the threat that others judgements or ones own action will negatively stereotype one in a domain
symbolizing three dimensions in two
Theory that people in western cultures focus more on representations on paper than do other cultures and in particular spend more time learning to interpret pictures