ToK GPS terms 501-520
Terms in this set (20)
A formal agreement between two or more states that is considered binding in
Assent or permission, a voluntary agreement to be subject to binding obligations or
a higher authority.
Pacta sunt servanda
(Latin) the principle that treaties are binding on the parties to them and
must be executed in good faith.
Rebus sic stantibus
The doctrine that states can terminate their obligations under treaty if a
fundamental change of circumstances has occurred.
A practice that is so long established and widely accepted that it has to have the
force of law.
A collection of rights and dispensations that accredited diplomats
enjoy in foreign countries, usually including freedom from usually including freedom from arrest
and trial on criminal charges and privileged travel and communication arrangements.
Someone seeking protection from a Nation-State because they have been
persecuted or face a reasonable fear of persecution in their Country of Origin based on the 1951 UN Refugee Convention grounds of their race, nationality, religion, membership in a particular
social group or political opinion.
Convention Refugee Status
Specific status granted by a Nation-State to someone they
believe has been persecuted or faces a reasonable fear of persecution in their Country of Origin
based on their race, nationality, religion, membership in a particular social group or political
"Prima Facie" or Common Sense Refugee
Person or group forced to flee a situation or crisis
where individual asylum determination is not immediately possible.
Internal Flight Alternative
Possibility to seek protection or security within one's own NationState,
away from the conflict or cause of persecution, instead of crossing international borders.
Situations of Mass Influx
Crisis which leads to overwhelming numbers of people forced to
flee across international borders.
The obligation of a Nation-State not to send someone back to a situation
in a Nation-State where they life might be threatened.
Right to Remain
Status given by a Nation-State to someone which allows them to remain in
Protection provided by a Nation-State that is not Refugee Convention
Status but based on humanitarian grounds.
Country of Origin
The Nation-State where an asylum seeker or economic migrant comes from.
Country of Transit
The Nation-State(s) where an asylum seeker or economic transits through.
Country of Destination
The Nation-State where an asylum seeker or economic migrant
formally or intends to formally apply for refugee status or work permit
Temporary Asylum or Refugee Status
Often granted in cases of Mass Influx lasting until the situation in the Country of Origin has settled
Manifestly Unfounded Claim
Asylum claim made by someone from a Safe Country of Origin
Procedure established by a Nation-State whereby claims for asylum are
processed in order to determine if persecution or a reasonable fear of persecution exists based on
the five (5) Refugee Convention grounds. Usually divided into three (3) stages, instances or
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