28 terms

world history unit 5 ofl

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Militarisy
A policy of glorifying military power & keeping power & keeping a standing army always prepared forward
Triple alliance
A military alliance between Germany, Austria - Hungary & Italy in the years preceding world war 1
Triple entente
A military alliance between great Britain, France ,& Russia in the years preceding world war 1
Central powers
In world war 1 , the nations of Germany & Austria Hungary , along w/ the other nations that fought on their side
Allies
In world war 1 , the nations of great Britain , France & Russia , along w/ the other nations that's fought on their side
Schlieffen plan
Germany military plan at the outbreak of world war 1 , according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France & then move east to attack Russia
Trench warfare
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight eachotherr from trenches dug in the battlefield
Unrestricted submarine warfare
The use of submarines to sink w/ out warning any ships found in enemy waters
Total war
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
Rationing
The limiting of the amount of good that people can buy - often imposed by governments dieing warfare , when good are in short supply
Propaganda
Information of material to advance a cause or to damage an opponents cause
Treaty of brest- litovsk
The treaty of Brest-litovsk was a separate peace treaty that the Soviet governments was forced to sign on March 3
Self-determination
The freedom of people to determine under what form of government they wanted to live
Treaty of Versailles
The peace settlement signed after world war 1 had ended in 1918 & in the shadow of the Russian revolution & other events in Russia
Explain how nationalism , imperialism & militarism led to tension among European powers
•nationalism- it can cause intense competition among nations w/ each seeking to over power the other.
•imperialism- a stronger nation take control or dominates a weaker country of territory.
•militarism- having a large & strong standing army made citizens feel patriotic
What did Russia do in response to Austria declaring war on Serbia? How did it affect Germany?
Russia began moving is army toward the Russian. Austrian border. It mobilized Russia along the German border Germany declared war
Describe the circumstances surrounding the US entering the war.
The immediate cause of America entry into world war 1 in April 1917 was the German announcement of unrestricted submarine warfare , & the subsequent sinking of ships w / Americans on board and the Zimmerman telegram to mexico
Describe the outcome of the treaty of Versailles
The treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after world war 1 has ended in 1918 & in the shadow of the Russian revolution & other events in Russia. This treaty ended world was 1 .
Kaiser Wilhelm ll
The German ruler during world war 1 , who wanted to demonstrate German power
Archduke Franz ferdinand
The heir to the austro- Hungarian throne , who was assassinated in Bosnia in 1914 , setting in motion world war 1
The black hand
A secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule
Dardanelles strait
The narrow sea strait that was the gateway to the ottoman capital , Constantinople
Arthur Zimmerman
Germany's foreign Secretary who sent a note to Mexican officials , staying that they would help them " reconquer " Mexican land lost to the US , if mexico would ally with Germany in world war 1
Woodrow Wilson
President of the US during world war 1 ; he was part of the big four , a group who made most of the decisions during the Paris peace conference
George's Clemenceau
Leader of France during world war 1 ; was part of the big four during the Paris peace conference; wanted to punish Germany for the war
Fourteen points
A series of peace proposals, drawn up by president Wilson , which outlined a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace
Armistice
An agreement to stop fighting
Lusitania
A British passenger ship sunk by a German U - boat, or submarine ; 1,198 people died, including 128 U.S citizens