RAIN SHADOW & WATER CYCLE
Terms in this set (41)
Phase 1 RAIN SHADOW
winds from the ocean bring warm moist air east.
Phase 2 RAIN SHADOW
warm air rises along the mountains. The air becomes cooler as it rises
Phase 3 RAIN SHADOW
Cool clouds cannot hold much moisture. Moisture comes out of clouds and falls to earth as rain or snow
Phase 4 RAIN SHADOW
Air sinks down the side of the mountain. Air becomes warmer and drier, cloud dissapears
Phase 5 RAIN SHADOW
This area is in the rain shadow. It has a dry climate
lack of precipitation on the leeward side of the mountain
side of the mountain facing the wind; evaporating (heated) air is pushed up by the mountain, it cools, condenses, and precipitates frequently; vegetation is dense; sometimes called wayward
side of the mountain not facing the wind; cooled air sinks; air is dry because it has already condensed and precipitated on the windward side; vegetation is sparse; deserts are found on the leeward side of mountains
The continuous process by which water moves from earth's surface to the atmosphere and back.
The falling of condensed water droplets
The process by which water water changes from a liquid to a gas at the surface of a liquid
The process by which water in the air changes form a gas to a liquid
when water vapor in a cloud turns into a ice crystal
What is the main source of the water cycle?
In which layer of the atmosphere does the water cycle take place?
Describe the temperature in the upper part of the troposphere.
What is the main source of energy that drives the water cycle?
What is the correct order of steps?
Evaporation > Condensation > Precipitation > Collection
What is needed for evaporation to occur?
Where does the water vapor go when it evaporates?
Some into the air/ Some condenses into clouds
What happens to water molecules during condensation?
They slow down and come together.
Which process of the water cycle results in the formation of clouds?
percent of saline water on Earth
percent of fresh water on earth
percent of water on lakes and rivers on earth
Water that contains insignificant amounts of salts, as in rivers and lakes
An underground supply of water. Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers.
Most fresh water on Earth is ________.
Almost all fresh water on Earth is found in what continent?
What kind of water is rain, snow, sleet, and groundwater?
Where is salt water found?
Oceans, seas, and gulfs
How much of the Earth is covered by water?
the process by which water vapor changes into liquid water, the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state
the process by which liquid water changes into water vapor, The process by which water changes from liquid form to an atmospheric gas
rain, snow, sleet, or hail, any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface
The movement of water from Earth's land, through rivers toward the ocean, to the air, and back to the land, The continuous movement of water from the ocean to the atmosphere to the land and back to the ocean
three states of water
Gas liquid solid
An underground layer of porous rock that holds water.
where most fresh water is found as vapor?
in the atmosphere
how does Latitude affect climate?
it dictates the intensity and duration of sun exposure
why locations close to the equator have constant state of summer?
because they always get relatively strong sunlight and have long days.