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TTTC final questions
Terms in this set (82)
in what way does Jimmy love martha?
Love, relationship is not mutual
why do the soldiers tell jokes about the war?
to make time pass faster. Also, to stay in good spirits even though bad things are going on around them.
how is the idea of weight used and developed throughout the story?
The use of weight is used to describe and give off good imagery. It makes the reader appreciate all the effort they put in to defend our freedom.
how has jimmy changed throughout the story?
what has he learned about himself?
He doesn't like Martha anymore. He has lost his chances with Martha because he doesn't like her anymore and he has gained maturity.
what could jimmy never forgive himself for?
ted lavenders death
how did jimmy get a new picture of martha playing volleyball?
Martha gave it to him years later
What does Jimmy ask Tim to do when he writes his story?
He urges O'Brien to paint him as a brave and good leader.
What does he tell Tim NOT to mention?
that he was a reason the man died
What does it tell us about Tim O'Brien, the narrator, that he reveals character traits of Cross's that Cross would
prefer to have remain unknown?
He is more focused on getting out a story then protecting and respecting a friend
What do we learn about Azar's character in this story?
that he is very unsympathetic
How was the war NOT like a game of checkers?
Seeing your enemy, there a winner and loser and rules.
How did the "old poppa-san" help the platoon? What was his special skill?
guided them through the booby trapped fields
What does Norman Bowker wish for, more than anything?
for his father to stop bothering him about earning medals
What does Kiowa say when his rain dance doesn't work?
the earth is slow but the buffalo is patient
What did Azar do to Ted Lavender's puppy?
straps it to a grenade
What does Azar say about his action?
he dosent understand why everyone is mad at him
How is this story structured? What can you say about all these short sections?
all different small flashbacks or stories about everyone in the platoon
According to Tim, what are stories for?
joining past to future
How did Tim feel about the Vietnam War while he was at college?
he was against it
What were Tim's options once he received his draft notice? Who did he hold responsible for his situation? Who
did he think should go to war instead of him?
run away to canada or go fight. he thought people in support of the war should go instead
What does Tim say is Elroy Berdhal's role in his life?
How do the opening sentences prepare you for the story?: "This is the one story I've never told before. Not to
anyone." What effect do they have on the reader?
it interest the reader and makes them want to continue reading
Why does O'Brien relate his experience as a pig declotter? How does this information contribute to the story?
He first out saying that he hated doing it and he just had to live with it. Then how gory it was, with all the blood everywhere. He said he just left he just wanted to walk away and he also wanted to run away from the war draft
At the story's close, O'Brien almost jumps ship to Canada, but doesn't: "I did try. It just wasn't possible." What
has O'Brien learned about himself, and how does he return home as a changed person?
He was being a coward. he returns home ready to fight in the war
What might the 43-year-old O'Brien's theory of courage be?
His view of courage would be in the view that you get it when you need it most.
Who broke whose nose?
jensen broke strunks nose
What was the effect of the fight on Jensen?
he was paranoid
What did Jensen finally do to resolve the conflict between them?
he broke his own nose
What is the irony of this chapter's title? (ENEMIES)
they are "enemies" but theyre fighting on the same team
What was the pact that Dave Jensen & Lee Strunk made together?
if one was injured the other would kill him
What was Lee afraid of when he saw Jensen, and what did he make him promise?
he thought he was going to kill him
The phrase that inspires these two chapters is normally characterized as "friends and enemies." Why does
O'Brien (the author) reverse this traditional order when sequencing these chapters?
because they hated each other at first but then became friends/allies
Using both chapters "Enemies" and "Friends," explain how war distorts the normal social codes.
War makes people go crazy and some people might even want friends to kill them if they get severely injured
What is the irony of this chapter's title? (FRIENDS)
they were "enemies" in the last chapter
According to O'Brien, how do you tell a true war story?
-are never moral
-make it hard to separate what happened and what seemed to happen
-cannot be believed
What does he mean when he says that true war stories
are never about war? In what sense is a "true" war story actually true?
A true war story is never true
Why does O'Brien believe these elements are important to a "true" war story?
is never moral, does not instruct, embarrasses you, never seems to end, cannot be believed, does not generalize, makes the stomach believe, is about sorrow, is about love and memory
Why is the baby water buffalo scene more disturbing than the death of one of O'Brien's platoon members, Curt
the baby buffalo does not die immediately.
O'Brien explains that this story was "not a war story. It was a love story." In what sense is this a "love story"?
Seeing everything in a beautiful way help O'Brien cope with his feeling. The young soldier can't cope with the loss of his best friend and the group of men can't cope with Vietnam landscape and all the emotion with it.
Characterize Curt Lemon and why he behaves the way he does.
Curt lemon is a big ole brawly strong man, but the dentist scares him
How did Curt Lemon's visit to the dentist affect him?
he was scared to go from then on
What is the purpose of placing this chapter directly after "How to Tell a True War Story"?
To lighten the mood
Characterize Mark Fossie and Mary Anne Bell.
Mark Fossie= young, fairly new, not really interested in war just his girl.
Mary Anne Bell= Pretty girl who turns bad.
Why do you think Mary Ann Bell changed?
she was a basic american woman and then she turns into a monster who kills.
Does it matter that Mary Anne is a woman? How so? What does the story tell us about the nature of the
war affects women just as much as it does men. they can be driven insane too
Why did Henry Dobbins continue to carry his girlfriend's stocking even after she broke up with him?
its his lucky charm
Consider the comparison O'Brien makes between Dobbins and America. Does O'Brien like America? Does he
He likes and respects America.
What was Kiowa's reaction to setting up camp in a pagoda? Why? How does this differ with Dobbin's
conception of faith/religion/spirituality?
Kiowa didn't think it was a good idea because you shouldn't mess with churches. Dobbins has always been some what religious and he may become a monk, but is doubtful because he doesn't like attending church. Kiowa is very religious.
What is the meaning of the washing motion of the younger monk?
They don't know or learn the meaning of the motion, and when Dobbins does it, he does it with respect.
The image of the monk cleaning an M-60 is incongruous and jarring. What purpose does it serve in the story?
monks are usually peaceful and theyre helping clean weapons for a war
How did the narrator react to the fact that he killed another human being?
He feels guilty because he keeps to repeating it, he makes a comparison to his life and the dead mans life, he informs us of many details about the dead mans life.
This story describes fairly intimate aspects of the dead man's life. How can Tim O'Brien know them?
he was just guessing about his life
why does O'Brien keep writing war stories?
He keeps writing them because he needs to tell somebody what happened.
What is the connection between O'Brien's actual experiences and the events in this book?
He is using a definition of truth that is not normally used. His definition is based on true stories or he will tell if it is a true story
What symbolism lies in the woman's dance?
peace in the middle of the war/ death
What does Dobbins means when he says "Dance right!"?
to stop mocking because she just lost her entire family
What narrative point of view is used in "Speaking of Courage"?
What problems does Norman confront when he returns home?
he has nowhere too go, his friend drowned in the lake, and the girl he loved is now married
Why is this story called "Speaking of Courage"?
He doesn't want to speak about the war, but he does talk about how he almost won the silver star.
What does this
tell you about O'Brien's understanding of the way fiction relates to real life?
They create a fantasy to escape reality, the get happiness and serenity.
Why is Norman unable to relate to anyone at home?
No one knows the awful things that happened and congratulate him, which he doesn't like
What is the effect of "Notes," in which O'Brien explains the story behind "Speaking Of Courage"?
O'Brien wants to emphasize that he made up the part about Bowker failing to save Kiowa/worrying about why he didnt get a badge. 1978, Bowker committed suicide
Why does O'Brien include Norman's letter in the story?
To further characterize him
What does O'Brien say about storytelling in "Notes"?
his way of remembering the past
What point of view is used to narrate "In the Field"?
all-knowing third person narrative voice
Why is the young man not identified in the story? What is the character's purpose in the narrative?
He not not identified in the story because he asked not to be and the unnamed man is Tim O'Brien.
What, in the end, is the significance of the shit field story (or stories)?
The significance of the shit field story is how Kiowa's death had transformed every single one of the members of the platoon. They had lost a brother and a friend. Kiowa's death also represented all the good things that gets buried in war.
What is the difference
between "happening-truth" and "story-truth?"
happening-truth is something that is actually happening/ story-truth is an extended version to be made to look better
Why does O'Brien return to the shit field?
he returns to find peace within himself so he can move on from the tragedy.
What is the point of putting Kiowa's moccasins in the ground (burying them)?
He is letting the memory and burden of Kiowa's death. After 20 years he is ready to let go of the guilt and the trauma.
Explain the significance of the final sentence. Who or what is "all finished"?
The anger and guilt that came with the memory of the war was finished for Tim. He was ready to leave it behind at the shit field and live a better live.
What does "The Ghost Soldiers" add to the book that we have almost completed?
The chapter adds a lot of heaviness. The chapter gives like a better view of how these soldiers are affected by the war in ways we wouldn't think.
Does your opinion of O'Brien change throughout the course of the novel?
i think O'brien is very childish now because of his want for revenge
"The Ghost Soldiers" is one of the only stories of The Things They Carried in which we don't know the ending
in advance. Why might O'Brien want this story to be particularly suspenseful?
to keep the reader reading and get them ready for the ending
Explain the significance of the title of this chapter. (GS)
Ghost Soldiers is titled to show like the pain these soldiers have had. It's like saying the soldiers are ghosts now because if the war.
How did Rat Kiley get out of active duty in the Vietnam?
he shot himself in the foot
How does the opening paragraph frame the story we are about to read? (TLOTD)
±he opening paragraph gives us the sense that everything we have read has been elements of a story that needs to be told in order for "things" to conTnue to have weight.
Why is O'Brien unable to joke around with the other soldiers? Why does the old man remind him of Linda?
O'Brien finds their humor disturbing and retreats to his tent. Linda dies of her illness. The old man was tim's introduction to death in Vietnam. Linda was tim's introduction to death.
What is the function of the Linda plot in "The Lives of the Dead"?
Linda was his best friend/true love and she was the first time he had to experience death
What is the "moral" of the dead KIAs?
That they fought for our country and will always have a special place in many's lives.
According to O'Brien, what do stories accomplish? Why does he continue to tell stories about the Vietnam
War, about Linda?
people are "alive" by the stories that are told. if you feel the emotion that the story is presenting they are still "here"
How does fiction relate to life, that is, life in the journalistic or historic sense?
The Things They Carriedis fiction, non-fiction, myth, and memoir all in one. O'Brien chooses to break the fourth wall between storyteller and audience to show the memory and imagination makes it difficult for the reader to distinguish the truth and fiction.
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