18 terms

History exam study guide part 1

Mr. Whal
a ruler who required every vassal to swear first allegiance to him
william the conqueror
a document that asserted the rights of nobles
common law
a legal system based on custom and court rulings
habeas corpus
the principle that a person cannot be imprisoned without first being charged with crime
Magna Carta
a French king who led two crusades
Louis IX
In the high middle ages, the balance of power began to shift toward
What was one of HenryII's greatest accomplishments?
he developed a unified legal system
With the " power of the purse," Parliament could
limit the power of the king
How did the Capetian kings establish order in France?
they built an effective bureaucracy
In contrast to the English Paraliament, the French Estates General
did not gain control of finances
While _____ was a great reformer, he also aroused much hatred
pope gregory VII
The holy roman emperor _____ dreamed of building a great empire
Frederick barbarossa
As head of the Church, _______ claimed supremacy over all rulers.
pope innocent III
The dispute over the issue of _____ was resolved by the Concordat of Worms
lay investiture
Crowned king of Germany, ____ later became holy roman emperor
Henry IV
The power of the holy roman emperors was limited by
their inability to control their vassals
The conflict between Henry IV and Gregory VII was caused by a disagreement over
the right to appoint and install bishops
In the 1100s and 1200s holy roman emperors wanted to control