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moving a shape so that it is in a different position, but still has the same size, area, angles and line lengths
in a right triangle the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs A²+B²=C²
a number that can be expressed as a ratio (fraction) of two integers - terminating and repeating decimals are considered rational
a number that can NOT be expressed as a ratio of two integers or as a repeating or terminating decimal - Pi or any square root of an imperfect square are considered irrational
a method of writing very large (34,200,000) or very small (0.0000029) numbers using powers of 10
function (equation or rule)
an input-output relationship that has exactly one output (y-value) for each input (x-value)
involves the analysis of two variables for the purpose of determining a relationship
a value much greater or much less than the others in a set of data - any data point 1.5 times the interquartile range away from the 1st quartile (lower quartile) or 3rd quartile (upper quartile)
line of best fit
a straight line that comes closest to the points on a scatter plot - having an equal number of points above and below the line
an equation that makes a straight line when it is graphed - also called a linear function
a measure of the steepness of a line on a graph - m - rise over run - pattern of the y-outputs
a linear equation written in the form y = mx + b, where m represents slope and b represent the y-intercept
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