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16 terms

Final Review: American Revolution

Review of events of American Revolution
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Samuel Prescott
Patriot, who along with Paul Revere, carried the message from Boston to Concord that the British were coming
Paul Revere
Patriot who was known as the "Messenger of the Revolution"
Marquis de Lafayette
French noble who volunteered in the Continental Army during the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense, which helped clarify reasons the colonies should become independent from British rule, and The Crisis, which helped morale of Continental Army during difficult times---"these are the times that try men's souls"
Thomas Jefferson
Writer of the Declarartion of Independence---said "we hold these truths to be self evident, all men are created equal"
Ben Franklin
Created first political cartoon---"Join or Die"---later said about colonies that "we must all hang together, or we shall all hang separately"
American Revolution
Also considered a civil war because Patriots and Loyalists in America were fighting against one another.
Writs of assistance
Gave British Customs Officials the right to search the homes and businesses of colonists for any reason
Townshend Acts
Series of acts that were issued by Parliament that put taxes on various goods in the colonies (tea, glass, paper, paint, lead, etc.)
Trenton and Princeton
Locations of early Revolutionary War battles, in which Washington was victorious, and captured much needed supplies--these are sometimes considered surprise victories for the Americans
Valley Forge
Location where Washington and the Continental Army spent a difficult winter.
Saratoga
Battle location in New York that would be known as the "turning point" of the Revolution. The Continental Army was victorious!
Yorktown
The final battle of the Revolution. With the help of the French, the Continental Army was able to trap British General Corwallis, and he would surrender.
John Paul Jones
Won a major naval victory in Revolutionary War in which his ship the Bonhomme Richard stood up to the powerful British Navy (their ship: the Serapis) Jones' famous quote at that battle: "I have not yet begun to fight"
Patrick Henry
Urged his fellow Virginians to form a militia, stated..."Give me liberty or give me death"
Reasons the Americans won the Revolutionary War
knowledge of the geography of the land, help from abroad, fighting on their home soil and skilled leadership