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Module 4 Review: The American Revolution

Review of events of American Revolution
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
Baron von Steuben
Prussian general who helped train Continental Army at Valley Forge
Marquis de Lafayette
French noble who volunteered in the Continental Army during the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense, which helped persuade many neutral colonists to support American independence and The Crisis, which helped encourage Continental Army during difficult times
Thomas Jefferson
Writer of the Declaration of Independence---said "we hold these truths to be self evident, all men are created equal"
Benedict Arnold
American general who planned to turn West Point over to the British, he became a traitor and fought for the British at the end of the war
John Paul Jones
American naval hero who had an important victory at sea against the British Navy during the war
Lexington and Concord
First fighting of the Revolution which happened when minutemen gathered in one town and continued when the British moved on to capture weapons being stored in another town
Bunker Hill
Americans show they can stand up to the powerful British Army, but lose because they ran out of ammunition
Trenton and Princeton
Locations of early Revolutionary War battles, in which Washington led surprise attacks against Hessians in one place and Redcoats in another place. These battles helped keep the Continental Army together.
Battle that happened in New York that would be known as the "turning point" of the Revolution. The Continental Army was victorious and other countries formed alliances with America to help them defeat the British.
The final battle of the Revolution. With the help of the French, the Continental Army was able to trap British General Corwallis, and he would surrender.
Long Island/New York City
British invade and take control of both places. Washington's forces are greatly outnumbered so he retreats to safety in New Jersey and later Pennsylvania.
Common Sense
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that convinced many neutral colonists to support American independence.
Declaration of Independence
Document written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the colonies would no longer be ruled by Britain and stating they would become free and independent states.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
Peace treaty that marked the official end of the American Revolution in which Britain recognized the independence of the United States.
Women in the Revolution
This group had to take on many additional responsibilities, running businesses farms, and doing even more at home while the war was fought.
Native Americans
This group usually sided with the British and feared they would lose more territory if the Americans won the war.
African Americans
In the early years of the war, this group was not welcome to fight in the Continental Army. When the British promised slaves freedom if they join their side, the Americans changed their policy.
volunteer soldier who could be ready to fight at a minute's notice
fought for another country for pay, not out of loyalty
guerrilla warfare
surprise hit-and-run fighting
nations join together to achieve a common goal
not choosing sides in a conflict
Valley Forge
location where Washington and the Continental Army spent the difficult winter of 1777-78 when the British were in control of Philadelphia