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HUM test 4
Terms in this set (69)
Who are the bourgeoisie?
the middle class
Name the great Spanish Romantic artist who showed the stupidity of the Spanish court in a painting and protested the horrors of war in another painting.
Name the economist who wrote The Wealth of Nations, which states that entrepreneurs acting mutually in enlightened self-interest would raise the standard of living for all and also get rich.
Who wrote the Essay on the Principle of Population and forecasted a miserable world that was overpopulated?
What country was the first to develop a constitution and a constitutional convention?
United States of America
Which European art movement embraces uncontrolled emotion, unruly nature, and the mysteries of the human soul?
What English novelist is known for the examination of social relationships and Pride and Prejudice?
What American architect created famous, harmonious and symmetrical buildings in the Neoclassical style?
Name the German literary movement that revolted against Classical restraint and drew inspiration from Rousseau's emotionalism. Its members found God in nature and valued free expression in language, dress, behavior, and love.
Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress)
What famous German writer's novel The Sorrows of Young Werther is about a young hero who commits suicide because of disappointment in love?
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Who were the English authors of a collection of their Romantic poetry entitled Lyrical Ballads?
William Wordsworth or Samuel Taylor Coleridge
What German Romantic drama became the most often performed German-language play in the world?
What English Romantic painter was the most original of his age, since large sections of his paintings were abstract compositions?
J. M. W. Turner
What German Romantic painter is known for rather bleak brooding landscapes?
Caspar David Friedrich
Name the great German Romantic composer who was deaf for part of his career.
Ludwig von Beethoven
Name the Viennese Romantic composer famous for the beauty of his melodies and the simple grace of his songs.
Who is most famous for perfecting the art song (lied)?
What Romantic composer is original in his use of a recurring and unifying musical theme, called an idée fixe, or "fixed idea"?
What philosopher came up with "thesis-antithesis-synthesis"?
What German Romantic system of thought was a philosophic alternative to conventional religion? It espoused a spiritual view of life.
Which artistic movement focused on ordinary people and attempted to depict in objective terms "the heroism of everyday life"?
What perspective means "practical politics" but really means "power politics"?
What nineteenth century English philosopher wrote On Liberty, campaigned for religious toleration and minority rights, and supported women's right to vote?
John Stuart Mill
Who wrote Les Miserables?
Name "the first modern, liberated woman." She was a novelist with a man's pen name who wrote about people without power, such as women, artists, and laborers.
Name the author of Wuthering Heights.
Name the author of Jane Eyre.
Name the Romantic literary and philosophical movement in the United States.
Who wrote Walden, which has become the "bible" of today's environmental movement?
Henry David Thoreau
Name the famous woman Realist painter who specialized in animal subjects, wore men's clothes, and painted The Horse Fair.
What term did this composer use to describe an opera cycle?
What French Realist artist conjured up the city as a living hell where daily existence could be a form of punishment? He created thousands of lithographs and paintings and was imprisoned for his satire.
Name the French painter whose scandalous paintings include one of a nude courtesan who boldly stares at the viewer from her bedroom.
What American Romantic painters specialized in landscapes of New England and New York that glorified Nature with a mystical quality?
Hudson River School
What was the name of their second generation of painters, who emphasized the play of light over the natural scene?
Name the two principal writers of American slave narratives.
Frederick Douglass or Sojourner Truth
What great Russian Realist author wrote The Brothers Karamazov?
What great nineteenth-century American poet was a virtual recluse and only had seven poems published while still alive?
What great nineteenth century American poet created a body of work based on his experience as an American, written in a specifically American language?
T/F? John Constable and William Wordsworth created works that reflect the sense of God's universal presence in nature.
T/F? The American constitution's founders extended rights to all living in the country
T/F? Sans-culottes (without breeches) refers to a punishment that was inflicted on workers during the early days of the French revolution.
T/F? Toussaint L'Ouverture was an ex-slave who ruled Haiti (St. Dominigue) as a military dictator of the first black-led government in the New World.
T/F? The Napoleonic Code was Napoleon's most enduring legacy, a law code that is the basis of civil law in France today.
T/F? Neoclassical style in art is high-minded, serious, and based on Greco-Roman ideals of balance, simplicity, and restraint.
George Gordon, Lord Byron; John Keats; and Percy Bysshe Shelley were all English Romantic poets.
Percy Bysshe Shelley also wrote the novel Frankenstein.
T/F? John Constable painted simple country landscapes that sprang from what he considered a mystical communion with nature.
"Skying" was Constable's term for painting cloud studies that captured the English sky as it moved from sunshine to rain and back again.
T/F? The Raft of the "Medusa" is a philosophical literary work by Theodore Gericault.
T/F? In Eugene Delacroix' Liberty Leading the People, the figure of a bare-breasted woman represents Liberty.
T/F? Fichte, Kant, Hegel, von Schelling, and Goethe were all German Idealists.
T/F? Hegel explained human history as the record of the World Spirit seeking to know its true nature.
T/F? The Raft of the "Medusa" was based on an actual event.
The Crystal Palace utilized "pre-fab" construction principles that foreshadowed modern building methods.
T/F? Members of the Cherokee Nation were forcibly evicted from their homes and property and sent on the Trail of Tears despite the fact that the U. S. Supreme Court had sided with them.
T/F? New bourgeois audiences were buying art; successful art did not offend respectable public taste.
T/F? Both Neoclassical and Romantic styles were popular with the public in Europe during 1830-1871.
T/F? Victor Hugo was a leading exponent of Realism.
T/F? Wuthering Heights is a Romantic novel, a Gothic romance with a mystical radiance that invests the characters and the natural world with spiritual meanings beyond the visible.
T/F? Thoreau's On the Duty of Civil Disobedience, an essay on the necessity of disobeying an unjust law, was one of the texts that inspired Martin Luther King, Jr.'s protests of the 1950s and 1960s against America's segregated social system.
T/F? Balzac, Flaubert, Dickens, Tolstoi, and George Eliot were all Realist novelists.
T/F? Romantic composers across Europe began to incorporate folk songs, national anthems, and indigenous dance rhythms into their music.
During the Romantic era, musical compositions became shorter, and the size of orchestras shrank.
T/F? Leitmotifs are recurring themes associated with particular characters, things, or ideas.
T/F? Guiseppe Verdi, an Italian Romantic composer, always made up the stories for his operas.
T/F? The camera was invented in the nineteenth century in Europe.
T/F? Julia Margaret Cameron's photographs were soft-focus in order to create the effect she wanted, to delve into the personality and character of the individual in a near mystical way.
Matthew Brady is famous for his photographs of the American Civil War and of Abraham Lincoln.
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