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35 terms

Principles of Pharmacology Examples of Drug Classifiactions

Examples of Drug Classifications CH-32 Kinn's
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Adrenergics
Action: Constricts blood vessels, narrows the lumen of a vessel.
Examples: Epinephrine, phenylepinephrine
Primary use: stops superficial bleeding; raises and sustains blood pressure, relieves nasal congestion
Adrenergic Blocking Agents
Vasodilation; decreases blood pressure; increases muscle tone of GI walls. Examples: Lisinopril; amlodipine; metoprolol. Control of hypertension and peripheral vascular disease.
Analgesics
Action: Lessens the sensory function of the brain
Examples: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, Demerol, vicodin, darvon
Primary use: Pain relief
Anethetics
Action: Produces insensibility to pain or the sensation of pain
Examples: Bupivicaine, lidocaine
Primary use: local or general anesthesia
Antacids
Decrease the acidity in the stomach. Example: (Prilosec), (Protonix), (Riopan). Treatment of gastric hyperacidity
Antianxiety
Reduces anxiety and tension. Example: (Valium), (Xanax). Produces calmness and releases muscle tension.
Anticoagulants
Action: delays or blocks the clotting of blood
Examples: heparin, warfarin
Primary use: treatment of blood clots
Anticonvulsants
Prevents seizures; reduces excessive stimulation of the brain. Examples: (Klonopin), (Dilantin). Primary use: Treatment of epilepsy and other neurologic disorders.
Antiemetics
Action: acts on hypothalamus center in brain
Examples: Comapzine, Tigan, Reglan
Primary use: prevents and relieves nausea and vomiting
Antifungals
Action: slows or retards the multiplication of fungi
Examples: Monistat, Mycostatin
Primary use: treatment of systemic or local fungal infections
Antihistamines
Action: counteracts the effects of histamine, may be used to inhibit gastric secretions
Examples: Benadryl, Phenergan, Zantac
Primary use: relief of allergies; prevention of gastric ulcers
Antihypertensives
Action: blocks nerve impulses that cause arteries to constrict, slows heart rate
Examples: Atenolol, metaprolol
Primary use: reduces and controls blood pressure
Antiinflammatories
Action: acts as an anti-inflammatory or antirheumatic
Examples: NSAIDS (ibuprofen, naproxen), steroids (decadron, prednisone)
Primary use: treatment of arthritis and other inflammatory diseases
Antineoplastic
Action: inhibits the development of and destroys cancerous cells
Examples: Interferon, Hydrea, Cytoxan, Adrucil
Primary use: cancer chemotherapy
Antipruritics
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Antianxiety
Action: reduces anxiety and tension
Examples: Librium, valium, xanax
Primary use: produces calmness and releases muscle tension
Antidepressants
Action: treats depression
Examples: Prozac, imipramine, amitriptyline
Primary use: mood elevator
Antiepileptic (anticonvulsant)
Action: reduces excessive stimulation of the brain
Examples: Dilantin, Tegretol
Primary use: treatment of epilepsy and other convulsive disorders
Antispasmidic
Action: relieves or prevents spasms from musculoskeletal injury or inflammation
Examples: Soma, Robaxin
Primary use: treatment of sports injuries
Antitussive
Action: inhibits the cough center
Examples: codeine, dextromethorphan
Primary use: suppresses cough
Bronchodilator
Action: relaxes the smooth muscle of the bronchi
Examples: Aminophyllin, theophylline, epinephrine, albuterol
Primary use: treatment of asthma, bronchospasm; promotes bronchodilation
Cathartic
Action: increases activity of large intestine
Examples: MOM, Dulcolax, Metamucil
Primary use: increases and hastens bowel evacuation
Contraceptive
Action: inhibits contraception
Examples: Depo-Provera
Primary use: family planning
Decongestant
Action: relieves local congestion in the tissues
Examples: ephedrine, pseudoephedrine
Primary use: relief of nasal and sinus congestion
Diuretic
Action: inhibits the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys
Examples: hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide, triamterene
Primary use: increases urinary output, decreases blood pressure
Expectorant
Action: increases secretions and mucus from the bronchial tubes
Examples: Benylin, Robitussin
Primary use: upper respiratory tract congestion
Hemostatic
Action: controls bleeding
Examples: vitamin K, Gelfoam, Surgicel
Primary use: Control of acute or chronic blood clotting
Hypnotic
Action: induces sleep and lessens activity of the brain
Examples: secobarbital, flurazepam, tamazepam
Primary use: insomnia
Hormone Replacement
Action: Parasympathetic blocking agent; reduces spasm in smooth muscle
Examples: scopolamine, atropine
Primary use: dry secretions
Antibiotics
Action: kills or inhibits growth of microorganisms
Examples: ceclor, tetracycline, amoxicillin
Primary use: treatment of bacterial infections
Anticholinergic
Action: replaces or compensates hormone deficiency
Examples: insulin, Synthroid, estrogen
Primary use: maintenance of adequate hormone levels
Miotic
Action: causes the pupil to contract
Examples: carbachol, pilocarpine
Primary use: counteracts pupil dilation
Mydriatic
Action: dilates the pupil of the eye
Examples: atropine sulfate
Primary use: ophthalmological examinations
Narcotic
Action: depresses the CNS
Examples: Natural (codeine, morphine), Synthetic (Demerol, methadone)
Primary use: pain relief
Sympathetic blocking agent
Action: blocks certain functions of the adrenergic nervous system
Examples: propanolol, metaprolol
Primary use: treatment of cardiovascular conditions