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Civics Unit 3 (Constitutional Principles)
Learning about the separation of powers, checks and balances, Federalism, and the meaning to the Preamble to the Constitution.
Terms in this set (32)
What is the purpose of the Preamble of the Constitution?
Introduce Constitution and state the goals of government.
What are the goals written in the Preamble to the Constitution?
(6) Establish Justice, Ensure Domestic Tranquillity, Provide for the Common Defense, Promote the General Welfare, and Secure the Blessings of Liberty, to Ourselves and our Posterity.
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by the people.
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives.
An government ruled by a monarch who usually inherits the authority.
A political system governed by a small group of people. Usually turns into a dictatorship.
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
Total absence of rule or government; chaos; disorder.
Which type of government do we have in the U.S.? How does this government best fit the goals of the Preamble?
We have Representative Democracy. Members of Congress are elected by the people to represent the people's decisions. It says, "We the People...".
Which type of government is fairest to the people?
Either of the democracies because they are based on the people's opinions.
Which type of government is the most productive?
What are the three branches of government?
Legislative, Executive, Judicial
What is the Legislative Branch of government at all three levels?
Congress, State Legislative, City Council (or Board of Alderman)
What is the Executive Branch of government at all three levels?
President, Governor, Mayor
What is the Judicial Branch of government at all three levels?
Supreme Court, State Supreme Court, Municipal Court
What is the most important power of the Legislative Branch?
What is the most important power of the Executive Branch?
What is the most important power of the Judicial Branch?
What is the function and purpose of checks and balances?
The function of Checks and Balances is to "keep an eye over" the different branches so the rights of the people are kept in mind and so nothing drastic ever occurs.
What is federalism and why do we have it?
Federalism is the division of governmental power between the National Government and the 50 States.
What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments to the Constitution. They state the basic rights of citizens.
An amendment to the Constitution of the United States guaranteeing the right of free expression.
Right to keep and bear arms.
The government may not house soldiers in private homes without consent of the owner.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Due process of law (right to trial, attorney, etc.).
A constitutional amendment designed to protect individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and public trial.
Right to a trial by jury.
Forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not define this phrase.
People's rights are not limited to just those listed in the Constitution.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
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