Retains images primitive logic in manipulating objects play is imitative signals begin to have meaning Language meaning later in the stage
Preoperational (2-7 years)
progress to concrete to abstract comprehend past, present, future magical thinking cannot see another point of view imagine friends are normal at this stage
Concrete Operational (7-11)
beginning of abstract thought games have rules cause and effect relationship logical implications understood rules of logic are developed
Formal Operational (11 through maturity)
Higher level of abstraction planning for future thinks hypothetically assumes adult roles and responsibilities
Learning how to behave and interact well with others (Micro). Commitment that development processes need to benefits people, and the norms facilitate such interactions in groups and society (Marco).
Harder to Notice. Increase self-awareness and self-regulation. The ability to transition from one activity to another, and cooperate with others.
The notion that disabilities..?
requires the modification of societal structures to include all, rather then "fixing" individuals with varying abilities.
a lasting psychological connectedness between human beings that can be understood within an evolutionary context in which a caregiver provides safety and security for a child.
manifest by crying when an unfamiliar person tries to hold or closely approach a child starting around 5 to 9 months and usually stops around age 2.
typically begins at about 6 to 8 months and peaks around 14-18 months and resolves around 24 to 26 months. The child will become upset and anxious when a caregiver is out of sight or leaves the room .
Maslow's Hierarchy of Need
food, shelter, clothes
free from danger and harm
Friendship, intimacy, affection and love
stable, firmly based level of self-respect from others
the need to be one-self, to act consistently with whom one is (ongoing process). It involves developing potential, becoming, and being what one is capable of being.
clients have the capacity to grow, change, and adapt. Clients also have the knowledge that is important in defining and solving their problems (Clients and families are the experts of their own lives!)
clients survive, or thrive from negative , stressful life events or trauma
Behaviors that protect people from anxiety (not to be confused with coping skills)
Psychosocial Model (8)
1. Trust vs. Mistrust 2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt 3. Initiative vs. Guilt 4. Industry vs. Inferiority 5. Identity vs. Role Confusion 6. Intimacy vs. isolation 7. Generativity vs. Stagnation 8. Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Purpose of Group Work?
Individuals help each other in order to influence and change personal, group, organizational and community problems.
a treatment approach in which roles are enacted in a group context. Members of the group re-create their problems and devote themselves to the role dilemmas of each other. (role playing to gain insight into there lives)
stages of group development
1. Preaffiliation: (forming) 2. Power and Control (Storming) 3. Intimacy (norming) 4. Differentiation (performing) 5. Termination
group decision making when discussion strengthens a dominant point of view and results in more of an extreme point of view
understanding and managing individual problems by determining the extent to which such problems are related to family issues
systems/ Ecological Perspective
a whole comprising component parts that work together. views human behavior through larger contexts, such as members of families, communities, and broader society
consist of a set of rules or norms that function to guide behavior. Views day-to-day social behavior as individuals carrying out their defined roles.
Structural vs. interactionist perspectives on role theories
set expectations that society places which are rigid patterns of behavior vs. more fluid roles that are negotiated day-to-day
the rights and needs of clients to be free to make their own choices and decisions. (Allow clients to identify there own strengths and problems)
First step when identifying client's problems
Determine if the problems are medical or substance abuse related
is a description of a relationship between two or more people in which personal boundaries are permeable and unclear.
a relationship between two persons in which conflict of views or opinions is solved by simply ignoring it.
describes a situation where the feelings, desires, and expectations of one person are redirected and applied to another person
Chapter 11 developmental theories Potter and Perry44 terms