34 terms

Social Work Licensing Exam


Terms in this set (...)

Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development
1. Sensorimotor 0-2
2. Preoperational 2-7
3. Concrete Operational 7-11
4. Formal Operational 11-maturity
Sensorimotor (0-2 years)
Retains images
primitive logic in manipulating objects
play is imitative
signals begin to have meaning
Language meaning later in the stage
Preoperational (2-7 years)
progress to concrete to abstract
comprehend past, present, future
magical thinking
cannot see another point of view
imagine friends are normal at this stage
Concrete Operational (7-11)
beginning of abstract thought
games have rules
cause and effect relationship
logical implications understood
rules of logic are developed
Formal Operational (11 through maturity)
Higher level of abstraction
planning for future
thinks hypothetically
assumes adult roles and responsibilities
Social Growth
Learning how to behave and interact well with others (Micro).
Commitment that development processes need to benefits people, and the norms facilitate such interactions in groups and society (Marco).
Emotional Growth
Harder to Notice.
Increase self-awareness and self-regulation.
The ability to transition from one activity to another, and cooperate with others.
The notion that disabilities..?
requires the modification of societal structures to include all, rather then "fixing" individuals with varying abilities.
Attachment Theory
a lasting psychological connectedness between human beings that can be understood within an evolutionary context in which a caregiver provides safety and security for a child.
Stranger anxiety
manifest by crying when an unfamiliar person tries to hold or closely approach a child starting around 5 to 9 months and usually stops around age 2.
Separation anxiety
typically begins at about 6 to 8 months and peaks around 14-18 months and resolves around 24 to 26 months. The child will become upset and anxious when a caregiver is out of sight or leaves the room .
Maslow's Hierarchy of Need
Physiological needs
food, shelter, clothes
Safety needs
free from danger and harm
Social Needs
Friendship, intimacy, affection and love
Esteem needs
stable, firmly based level of self-respect from others
the need to be one-self, to act consistently with whom one is (ongoing process). It involves developing potential, becoming, and being what one is capable of being.
Strength-based perspective
clients have the capacity to grow, change, and adapt. Clients also have the knowledge that is important in defining and solving their problems (Clients and families are the experts of their own lives!)
clients survive, or thrive from negative , stressful life events or trauma
Defense Mechanisms
Behaviors that protect people from anxiety (not to be confused with coping skills)
Psychosocial Model (8)
1. Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
3. Initiative vs. Guilt
4. Industry vs. Inferiority
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion
6. Intimacy vs. isolation
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation
8. Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Purpose of Group Work?
Individuals help each other in order to influence and change personal, group, organizational and community problems.
a treatment approach in which roles are enacted in a group context. Members of the group re-create their problems and devote themselves to the role dilemmas of each other. (role playing to gain insight into there lives)
stages of group development
1. Preaffiliation: (forming)
2. Power and Control (Storming)
3. Intimacy (norming)
4. Differentiation (performing)
5. Termination
Group polarization
group decision making when discussion strengthens a dominant point of view and results in more of an extreme point of view
Family Theories
understanding and managing individual problems by determining the extent to which such problems are related to family issues
systems/ Ecological Perspective
a whole comprising component parts that work together. views human behavior through larger contexts, such as members of families, communities, and broader society
Role Theory
consist of a set of rules or norms that function to guide behavior. Views day-to-day social behavior as individuals carrying out their defined roles.
Structural vs. interactionist perspectives on role theories
set expectations that society places which are rigid patterns of behavior vs. more fluid roles that are negotiated day-to-day
the rights and needs of clients to be free to make their own choices and decisions. (Allow clients to identify there own strengths and problems)
First step when identifying client's problems
Determine if the problems are medical or substance abuse related
is a description of a relationship between two or more people in which personal boundaries are permeable and unclear.
pseudo -mutuality
a relationship between two persons in which conflict of views or opinions is solved by simply ignoring it.
describes a situation where the feelings, desires, and expectations of one person are redirected and applied to another person

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