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20 terms

Art History II

STUDY
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Doric Order
There is no base in doric order. It works well horizontally on buildings, that's why it was so good with the long rectangular buildings made by the Greeks.
Pediment
A triangular structure on the top.
Entablature
The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice.
Column
It is a vertical support of roof. Meets the entablature by the capital.
cella
It is the heart of the building, the most important part. The inner area of an ancient temple.
Porch
It is the introductory space to a building
Colonnade
It is a series of columns that goes around the building.
freize
A broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, esp. on a wall near the ceiling.
barrel vault
A vault forming a half cylinde
basicila
an important church building designated by the pope because they carry special spiritual, historical, and/or architectural significance.
oculus
A round or eyelike openin
coffers
is a sunken panel in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon in a ceiling, soffit or vault
longitudinal church
The longitudinal planned churches lead with a porch and are long and rectangular shaped.
nave
The central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation.
transept
Either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave.
apse
A large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof
clerestory
The upper part of the nave, choir, and transepts of a large church, containing a series of windows
groin vault
produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults
rib vault
The intersection of two or three barrel vaults produces a rib-vault or ribbed vault when they are edged with an armature of piped
buttress
Provide (a building or structure) with projecting supports built against its walls: "a buttressed wall".