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Chapter 3 Psychology

STUDY
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Sensory receptors are __________.
A) body cells specialized to receive and process sensory information from the environment.
B) brain cells specialized to detect and respond to stimulus energy.
C) found in the body and the brain
D) stimulated by perception
A) body cells specialized to receive and process sensory information from the environment.
The conversion of sensory stimuli such as light or sound waves into neural impulses is called_____.
A) adduction
B) perception
C) transduction
D) subduction
C) transduction
"Turning down the volume" on repetitive information helps the sensory receptors cope with an overwhelming amount of sensory stimuli and allows time to pay attention to change, a phenomena called _____________.
A) sensory reduction
B) ignorance
C) coding
D) sensory adaptation
D) sensory adaptation
The fact that we can detect a candle flame at 30 miles away on a clear dark night is referred to as the _________________ for vision.
A) difference threshold
B) absolute threshold
C) pain threshold
D) sensory adaptation
B) absolute threshold
The minimum amount of change between two colors that is required to detect a difference between the two colors is referred to as a _________________.
A) difference threshold
B) absolute threshold
C) pain threshold
D) sensory adaptatio
A) difference threshold
A scientist wanting to determine the lightest touch that can be felt by various animals compared to human beings would be interested in finding the _____ for touch.
A) absolute threshold
B) difference threshold
C) human threshold
D) sensory threshold
A) absolute threshold
7. The parietal lobes are responsible for processing _____________.
A) visual information
B) auditory information
C) information about touch
D) information about muscle movements
C) information about touch
Psychophysics is the study of ______.
A) the specific energy patterns that drive our thought processes
B) the relation between physical characteristics of stimuli and our sensory experience of them
C) our perceptions of physical laws
D) the physical laws that govern energy consumption in our brains
B) the relation between physical characteristics of stimuli and our sensory experience of them
Light and sound both move in _____________.
A) series
B) sequence
C) cycles
D) waves
D) waves
Light consists of particles of ____________.
A) dust
B) radiation
C) electromagnetic energy
D) microwaves
C) electromagnetic energy
The point on the retina that contains only cones and is responsible for our sharpest vision is called the _____.
A) focal spot
B) photoreceptor
C) fovea
D) optical illusion
C) fovea
12. Rods are most sensitive _____, and less sensitive _____.
A) to color wavelengths; in dim light
B) in dim light; to low amplitude light waves
C) in dim light; to color wavelengths
D) to color wavelengths; to high amplitude light waves
C) in dim light; to color wavelengths
Sound waves cause the _____ to vibrate and pass the mechanical energy on to the three bones in the middle ear.
A) cochlea
B) tympanic membrane
C) malleus
D) incus
B) tympanic membrane
Vibration of the bones in the middle ear presses on the ____, causing it to vibrate.
A) tympanic membrane
B) oval window
C) ear drum
D) auditory nerve
B) oval window
The snail-shaped, fluid-filled structure that contains receptors for hearing is the _____.
A) auditory canals
B) cochlea
C) vestibular canals
D) auditory vessicles
B) cochlea
The cochlea contains ___________ which send messages to the areas of the brain that are responsible for interpreting auditory information.
A) hair cells
B) fluid
C) basilar membrane
D) auditory vessicles
A) hair cells
The sensory receptors for smell are embedded in the ____.
A) olfactory epithelium
B) olfactory bulb
C) frontal sinus
D) olfactory papillae
A) olfactory epithelium
Our sense of smell is also known as _____________.
A) gustation
B) kinesthation
C) the chemical sense
D) olfaction
D) olfaction
Our sense of taste is also known as _____________.
A) gustation
B) kinesthation
C) the chemical sense
D) olfaction
A) gustation
The sense of gustation is important from an evolutionary standpoint because __________.
A) it allows us to enjoy the food that we eat
B) it helps us stay away from foods that are harmful or toxic
C) it helps to enhance our sense of smell
D) a and b
B) it helps us stay away from foods that are harmful or toxic
Taste buds are located within _____ that are on the surface of the tongue.
A) gustation receptors
B) papillae
C) gustatory pores
D) epithelia
B) papillae
Where are most skin receptors located on the body?
A) back and legs
B) feet
C) face and fingers
D) arms
C) face and fingers
Bodily posture, orientation, and movement information is provided to the brain by the _____ sense(s).
A) kinesthetic
B) vestibular
C) balance
D) a and b
A) kinesthetic
When you look up at the sky and simply notice the clouds, you are engaging in the process of _____; when you try to organize the clouds into recognizable shapes or objects, you are engaging in the process of _____.
A) noticing; daydreaming
B) sensation; perception
C) passive observation; active observation
D) perception; sensation
B) sensation; perception
The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory data into usable mental representations of the world is called ____.
A) perceptual accuracy
B) illusory perception
C) perception
D) sensory perception
C) perception
When our perceptions don't agree with our sensations, a(n) _______ results.
A) illusion
B) hallucination
C) delusion
D) sensory enigma
A) illusion
An example of ___________ would be if you didn't even notice the loud crash outside the door when you were focused on taking your driver's exam.
A) sensory adaptation
B) selective habituation
C) sensory detection
D) selective attention
D) selective attention
Yuor ablity to raed thsi sntenece desipte its mnay mssipllengis is deu to ____.
A) bottom-up processing
B) integration
C) top-down processing
D) cognitive flexibility
C) top-down processing