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25 terms

Psychology 100 - Mind and Consciousness

College level psychology 100.
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Dr. Wolski does research on the possible relationship between neurotransmitter levels and moods. Dr. Wolski probably is a specialist in
biological psychology.
An electrical signal that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
action potential.
Reuptake refers to the
absorption of excess neurotransmitter molecules by a sending neuron.
Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as
endorphins.
An undersupply of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter known as ________ is linked to seizures.
GABA
Information travels through axons that are bundled into the "cables" that we call
nerves
Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your heart muscles by the
autonomic nervous system.
After discovering that the shadows outside his window were only the trees in the yard, Ralph's blood pressure decreased and his heartbeat slowed. These physical reactions were most directly regulated by his
parasympathetic nervous system.
The hypothalamus influences the ________ to send messages to the ________.
pituitary; endocrine glands
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the surface of the brain is called a(n)
EEG
Which portion of the cerebral cortex is located nearest the top of the head just behind the frontal lobes?
parietal lobes
The part of the brainstem that controls heartbeat and breathing is called the
medulla
The surgical removal of a large tumor resulted in massive loss of brain tissue from Leonardo's occipital lobe. Leonardo is most likely to suffer some loss of
visual perception
The association areas are located in the
cerebral cortex
After suffering a head injury in a biking accident, Louis lost his ability to read, even though he could see well, speak fluently, and understand what others are saying. His cortex was most likely damaged in
the angular gyrus
Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce a person's ability to
solve arithmetic problems.
Those whose corpus callosum is surgically severed are said to be patients with
split brains
While a man provides directions to a construction worker, two experimenters rudely pass between them carrying a door. The man does not notice that the construction worker was replaced by a different person during the interruption. This illustrates
change blindness
Jordanna has decided to go to bed early. Although her eyes are closed and she's very relaxed, she has not yet fallen asleep. An EEG is most likely to show the presence of
alpha waves
Which of the following sleep stages is said to be a transitional stage immediately prior to deep sleep?
Stage 3 sleep
Creative thinking and a capacity to spot connections among novel pieces of information is most likely to be facilitated by
a complete night's sleep
A need to take larger and larger doses of sleeping pills to avoid insomnia indicates
tolerance
Mr. Oates always sleeps restlessly, snorting and gasping throughout the night. It is most likely that Mr. Oates suffers from
sleep apnea
When dreamers' faces were lightly sprayed with cold water, they were more likely than other dreamers to experience
dreams about water
According to Freud, the latent content of a dream refers to
its underlying but censored meaning