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25 terms

Psychology 100 - Developing Through the Life Span

College level psychology 100
STUDY
PLAY
Dr. Birkin's major research interest is the development of motor skills in children. It is most likely that Dr. Birkin is a ________ psychologist.
developmental
People have always responded so positively to Alyssa's good looks that she has developed a socially confident and outgoing personality. This best illustrates the
interaction of nature and nurture
Which of the following refers to the genetic transfer of characteristics from parents to offspring?
heredity
During the course of successful prenatal development, a human organism begins as a(n)
zygote and finally develops into a fetus
One of the most consistently damaging teratogens is
alcohol
The symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome are most likely to include
mental retardation
From the first weeks of life, "difficult" babies and "easy" babies display differences in
temperament
Mr. Hersch triggered a rooting reflex in his infant son by touching him on the
cheek
A reflex refers to
an automatic response to sensory stimulation
Twin and adoption studies have been most helpful for teasing apart the influences of
nature and nurture
Lacking any exposure to language before adolescence, a person will never master any language due to the ________ of unused neural connections.
pruning
Recognizing the process of maturation helps us to understand the absence of
bladder control among 2-year-olds
Which psychologist was most influential in shaping our understanding of cognitive development?
Jean Piaget
Four-year-olds are not completely egocentric and 5-year-olds can exhibit some understanding of conservation. This indicates that Piaget may have underestimated the
continuity of cognitive development.
The egocentrism of preschoolers was most strongly emphasized by
Piaget's cognitive development theory.
Babies less than 6 months old look longer than usual at unexpected events such as an object magically disappearing. This suggests that Piage
underestimated the cognitive capacities of infants.
By age 4, preschoolers begin forming a theory of mind. This suggests that Piaget overestimated young children's
egocentrism
At about 8 months, children become increasingly likely to react to newcomers with tears and distress. This best illustrates
stranger anxiety
Studies of monkeys raised with artificial mothers suggest that mother-infant emotional bonds result primarily from mothers providing infants with
contact comfort
Many researchers believe that adult styles of romantic love correspond with childhood patterns of
attachment
Marlys is a sensitive, responsive parent who consistently satisfies the needs of Sara, her infant daughter. According to Erikson, Sara is likely to
form a lifelong attitude of basic trust toward the world
One-year-old Eunice is not overly fearful of strangers but she clearly prefers being held by her mother than by anyone else. Her behavior best illustrates
secure attachment
Edith abuses both her 3-year-old and 1-year-old daughters. Her behavior is most likely related to a lack of
an early and secure attachment to her own parents.
The Rajans use harsh discipline on their children and demand unquestioning obedience. Psychologists are likely to characterize the Rajans as ________ parents.
authoritarian
Parents in Asian cultures are more likely than parents in Westernized cultures to encourage children to
participate in household activities