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Chapter 2

Which of the following concepts refers to the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together constitute a people's way of life?


Sociologists define a symbol as

anything that carries a meaning to people who share a culture.

Cultural transmission refers to the process of

passing cultural patterns from one generation to another.

Standards by which people who share a culture define what is desirable, good, and beautiful are called


It is correct to say that a society's development of more complex technology

has both positive and negative effects.

Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population are referred to as

popular culture.

Experiencing a strange culture can generate culture shock.


Most hand gestures, such as the "thumbs up" sign, have the same meaning around the world.


Children have no understanding of what a "family" is before they learn the word for it.


Most people in the United States believe that all people should have not only equal opportunity but also equality of condition.


People in the United States tend to think of the past as better than the future.


We all participate in numerous subcultures without necessarily becoming very committed to any of them.


The concept "subculture" refers to patterns that strongly oppose the dominant culture.


Cultural relativism means evaluating another culture by the standards of your own culture.


Sociobiology explores how human biology- and especially our evolutionary past- has shaped today's culture.


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