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15 terms

Sociology

Chapter 2
STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following concepts refers to the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together constitute a people's way of life?
Culture
Sociologists define a symbol as
anything that carries a meaning to people who share a culture.
Cultural transmission refers to the process of
passing cultural patterns from one generation to another.
Standards by which people who share a culture define what is desirable, good, and beautiful are called
values.
It is correct to say that a society's development of more complex technology
has both positive and negative effects.
Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population are referred to as
popular culture.
Experiencing a strange culture can generate culture shock.
True
Most hand gestures, such as the "thumbs up" sign, have the same meaning around the world.
False
Children have no understanding of what a "family" is before they learn the word for it.
False
Most people in the United States believe that all people should have not only equal opportunity but also equality of condition.
False
People in the United States tend to think of the past as better than the future.
False
We all participate in numerous subcultures without necessarily becoming very committed to any of them.
True
The concept "subculture" refers to patterns that strongly oppose the dominant culture.
False
Cultural relativism means evaluating another culture by the standards of your own culture.
False
Sociobiology explores how human biology- and especially our evolutionary past- has shaped today's culture.
True