394 terms

TOEFL - Huge list

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bore
v. (1)make a hole using tools (2) to make bored
feasibility
adv. possibility
feat
n. something difficult to achieve
snout
n. sticking out nose and mouth of some animals
famine
n. a severe shortage of food
superb
adj. excellent, great
batter
n. a mixture of flour, eggs and milk
astray
adj. off the right path
hazardous
ad. risky, dangerous
daring
adj. brave
enthrall
v. to charm
steady
adj. showing little variation
mist
n. fine spray or very light rain
drag (n.)
n. force that acts against the forward movement
leap
n. big jump (also a verb)
weave
v. form by interlacing strands
sift
v. put through a sieve
shaggy
adj. covered with long untidy hair
fake
adj. not real
drift
v. an act or instance of being driven or carried along, as by a current of air or water or by circumstances
diverge
(v) to turn aside from a path or course; to move or extend in different directions from a common point; to become or be different in character or form
scheme
(n) a crafty plot; (v) creating a crafty plot
dissipate
(v) to break up and scatter; dispel; disperse
fracticious
(adj) tending to be troublesome, unruly,quarrelsome
circuitous
(adj) having a circular course; not being direct in language or action
renegade
(n) rebel; a deserter from one faith, cause, or allegiance to another
uphold
(v) to give support to; to keep in place
lissome
(adj) flexible; nimble, quick,
devious
(adj) tricky/underhanded; wandering; not straightfoward "The Joker in the Batman series is a _____ character."
avow
(v) to declare openly, bluntly, assuredly, and without shame
connive
(v) to pretend ignorance of or fail to take action against something one ought to oppose; to be indulgent or in secret sympathy
saturate
(v) to compltely cover/fill; to fill a solid with a liquid to the point where no more can be absorbed, dissolved, or retained; to cause to combine until there is no further tendency to combine
partisan
(n) a firm believer in a cause, (or party, person...); a member of a guerrilla band operating within enemy lines
breach
(n/v) infraction or violation of a law, obligation, or physical space
wayward
(adj) really-super-poorly behaved; following one's own capricious, wanton, or depraved inclinations; following no clear principle or law
impasse
(n) a predicament affording no obvious escape; deadlock
constrain
(v) to hold back by force (physical or otherwise)
ingenuous
(adj) innocent and showing childlike simplicity; naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
cataclysm
(n) a momentous and violent event; catastrophe
dissident
(n) someone who disagrees (dissents) with the prevailing government;
remorse
(n) a gnawing distress arising from a sense of guilt for past wrongs
accrue
(v) to accumulate or be added periodically
recalcitrant
(adj) difficult to manage or operate; obstinately defiant of authority
canard
(n) a lie; a trick used to deceive someone
reconcile
(v) to make consistent or congruous; to restore to friendship or harmony
inane
(adj) lacking significance, meaning, or point
poseur
(n) a person who pretends to be what he or she is not
extricate
(v) to free or remove from an entanglement or difficulty
chagrin
n. a feeling of vexation, marked by disappointment or humiliation.
bestow
(v) to give; to present as a gift; to make some use of
maneuver
(n) a planned and regulated movement or evolution of troops; (v) to steer
replicate
(v) to copy
pejorative
(adj) insulting; having a belittling effect or force
disciple
(n) one who follows a religious teacher; one who spreads the teachings of a teacher
validate
(v) to make valid; to give legal purpose; to agree with
stalemate
(n) to come to a standstill; deadlock
emulate
(v) to copy in behavior, style, software...
rift
fissure; break in friendly relations
imbue
(v) to saturate with feelings/ideas/color/moisture
pragmatic
(adj) practical;
grovel
(v) to humble oneself or act in an abject manner; to beg
evanescent
(adj) vanishing away
supplicant
(n) a religious person who prays humbly
apprehensive
mentally upset over possible misfortune or danger etc
atrocity
the quality of being shockingly cruel and inhumane
bicker
v. argue over petty things
impediment
any structure that makes progress difficult
lewd
driven by lust
molest
harass or assault sexually
shortcoming
a failing or deficiency
acquaint
inform
jot
write briefly or hurriedly
emaciated
very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
mural
a painting that is applied to a wall surface
allege
report or maintain
comply
act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes
incipient
starting to come into being or to become evident
coin
to devise (a new word or phrase)
wag
move from side to side
allure
to be highly, often subtly attractive
coerce
to dominate, restrain, or control forcibly
brief
to give instructions or preparatory information to
idiosyncrasy
a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
fingerpointing
the imputation of blame
impute
attribute (responsibility or fault) to a cause or source
muster
call to duty, military service, jury duty, etc.
second-guess
to criticize a decision after its outcome is known
shun
avoid and stay away from deliberately
divulge
to make known (something private or secret)
trove
a collection of valuable items discovered or found
elicit
to bring or draw out
assess
to determine the value, significance, or extent of; test
decline
to express polite refusal
anguish
n. agonizing physical or mental pain
probe
v. question or examine thoroughly and closely
prescription
directions prescribed beforehand
shackle
a metal fastening, usually one of a pair, for encircling and confining the ankle or wrist of a prisoner or captive
malleable
easily controlled or influenced
suggestible
susceptible or responsive to suggestion
stark
severely simple
backlash
an adverse reaction to some political or social occurrence
case
a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument
pitch
a line of talk designed to persuade
low-key
restrained, as in style or quality
cerebral
involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct
attorney general
the position of the head of the Justice Department and the chief law enforcement officer of the United States
momentous
of outstanding significance or consequence
hodgepodge
a mixture of dissimilar ingredients; a jumble
oversight
management by overseeing the performance or operation of a person or group
contend
maintain or assert
concoct
invent, prepare by mixing together
congregate
come together, usually for a purpose
drowsy
dull with sleepiness
ghastly
death-like, pale and ill
ingenuous
naïve, trusting
ingenious
showing inventiveness and skill
dowry
money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage
fit out
equip or supply what is needed
courier
a messenger, especially one on official diplomatic business
outflank
to gain a tactical advantage over
acquiesce
to consent or comply passively or without protest
opulent
possessing or exhibiting great wealth
copious
large in number or quantity (especially of discourse)
pernicious
tending to cause death or serious injury
squire
an English country landowner
profuse
giving or given freely and abundantly
liquidate
eliminate by paying off (debts)
offset
to counterbalance, counteract, or compensate for
redeem
to recover ownership of by paying a specified sum
squander
to spend wastefully or extravagantly
corroborate
to strengthen or support with other evidence
avouch
to corroborate or confirm
disparity
the condition or fact of being unequal
voice
the right or opportunity to express a choice or opinion
turnout
the number of people gathered for a particular event or purpose
spate
a sudden flood, rush, or outpouring
legislate
to create or pass laws
scoop
to gather or collect swiftly and unceremoniously
scores
large numers
pelt
attack and bombard with or as if with missiles
plunge
drop steeply
rampant
unrestrained and violent
rake off
take money from an illegal transaction
embroil
force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action
entrepreneur
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
mire
to cause to sink or become stuck
convict
find or declare guilty
indict
accuse formally of a crime
fraud
a deception deliberately practiced in order to secure unfair or unlawful gain
overturn
to invalidate or reverse (a decision) by legal means
rut
a settled and monotonous routine that is hard to escape
middle ground
a point of view midway between extremes
bland
lacking either stimulating or irritating characteristics
centrist
a person who takes a position in the political center
pent-up
not given expression, repressed
watchdog
a guardian or defender against theft or illegal practices or waste
compel
to exert a strong, irresistible force on
integrity
steadfast adherence to a strict moral or ethical code
steadfast
firmly loyal or constant
biopsy
the removal and examination of a sample of tissue from a living body for diagnostic purposes
flip side
the reverse side, as of a phonograph record
recline
to lie back or down
indolent
disinclined to exert oneself
blare
to sound loudly and stridently
strident
unpleasantly loud and harsh
hindsight
perception of the significance and nature of events after they have occurred
in the pipeline
in process, under way
nab
seize suddenly
convene
to cause to come together formally
lucrative
producing wealth; profitable
lugubrious
mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to an exaggerated or ludicrous degree
dismal
causing gloom or depression
ludicrous
laughable or hilarious because of obvious absurdity or incongruity
radical
arising from or going to a root or source; basic
relish
to take keen or zestful pleasure in
keen
acutely sensitive
zest
Spirited enjoyment; gusto
solace
a source of comfort or consolation
thrift
wise economy in the management of money and other resources; frugality
wile
a stratagem or trick intended to deceive or ensnare
virulence
the disease-producing power of a microorganism; infectiousness
hog
any of various mammals of the family Suidae, which includes the domesticated pig as well as wild species, such as the boar and the wart hog
strain
a group of organisms of the same species, having distinctive characteristics but not usually considered a separate breed or variety
pandemic
epidemic over a wide geographic area and affecting a large proportion of the population
wary
characterized by caution
avian
of, relating to, or characteristic of birds
contract
to acquire or incur
incur
to acquire or come into (something usually undesirable); sustain
poultry
domestic fowls, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, or geese, raised for meat or eggs
fowl
a bird, such as the duck, goose, turkey, or pheasant, that is used as food or hunted as game
forego
to abstain from; relinquish
rescind
to make void; repeal
allay
to reduce the intensity of; relieve
batch
group of same objects
resent
to feel indignantly aggrieved at
aggrieve
to inflict an injury or injuries on
arduous
demanding great effort or labor; difficult
splotch
an irregularly shaped spot, stain, or colored or discolored area
whistful
full of wishful yearning
yearning
prolonged unfulfilled desire or need
trim
to make neat or tidy by clipping, smoothing, or pruning
parching
needing or desiring drink
wanton
unrestrainedly excessive
vex
to bring distress or suffering to; plague or afflict
adamant
impervious to pleas, appeals, or reason; stubbornly unyielding
impervious
incapable of being affected
alleviate
to make (pain, for example) more bearable
gross
exclusive of deductions; total
phenomenal
exceedingly or unbelievably great
incumbent
imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory
loophole
a way of escaping a difficulty, especially an omission or ambiguity in the wording of a contract or law that provides a means of evading compliance
sovereign
self-governing; independent
expunge
to eliminate completely; annihilate
haggle
to bargain, as over the price of something; dicker
indemnify
to make compensation to for damage, loss, or injury suffered
leaflet
a printed, usually folded handbill or flier intended for free distribution
penurious
poverty-stricken; destitute
overt
open and observable; not hidden, concealed, or secret
pertinent
having logical precise relevance to the matter at hand
promiscuous
lacking standards of selection; indiscriminate
incentive
serving to induce or motivate
pungent
affecting the organs of taste or smell with a sharp acrid sensation
snuffle
to breathe noisily, as through a blocked nose
confide
to tell (something) in confidence
peer
a person who has equal standing with another or others, in rank, class, or age
sitting room
a living room
skew
to give a bias to; distort
remunerate
to compensate for; make payment for
tawdry
gaudy and cheap in nature or appearance
gaudy
showy in a tasteless or vulgar way
articulate
characterized by the use of clear, expressive language
bond
a written and sealed obligation, especially one requiring payment of a stipulated amount of money on or before a given day
runaway
out of control
reel
to be thrown off balance or fall back
slump
a sudden falling off or decline, as in activity, prices, or business
asset
a valuable item that is owned
plummet
to decline suddenly and steeply
detrimental
causing damage or harm; injurious
slew
an indeterminately great amount or number
fickle
characterized by erratic changeableness or instability, especially with regard to affections or attachments; capricious
fragrant
having a pleasant odor
gregarious
seeking and enjoying the company of others; sociable
landslide
an overwhelming electoral victory
prodigal
rashly or wastefully extravagant
lavish
characterized by or produced with extravagance and profusion
affluent
generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich
slack
loose, careless, slow
facility
ease in moving, acting, or doing; aptitude
tamper
to tinker with rashly or foolishly
tinker
to make unskilled or experimental efforts at repair; fiddle
fiddle
to meddle or tamper
meddle
to handle something idly or ignorantly; tamper
tart
having a sharp pungent taste; sour
telling
having force and producing a striking effect
tug
to pull at vigorously or repeatedly
foreboding
a sense of impending evil or misfortune
repercussion
an often indirect effect, influence, or result
hurl
to throw with great force; fling
jolly
full of good humor and high spirits
refurbish
to make clean, bright, or fresh again; renovate
seize up
come to a halt
rub shoulders with
mix or socialize with
stranded
marooned, abandoned
crave
to have an intense desire for
throb
to beat rapidly or violently, as the heart; pound
gleam
a brief beam or flash of light
skim
to coat or cover with or as if with a thin layer, as of scum
jagged
marked by irregular projections and indentations
convalesce
to return to health and strength after illness; recuperate
wane
to decrease gradually in size, amount, intensity, or degree; decline
susceptible
easily influenced or affected
intractable
difficult to manage or govern; stubborn
handpick
to gather or pick by hand
revamp
to patch up or restore; renovate
vamp
the upper part of a boot or shoe covering the instep and sometimes extending over the toe
scant
inadequately supplied; short
smolder
thick smoke resulting from a slow fire
warp
to turn or twist (wood, for example) out of shape
blatant
totally or offensively conspicuous or obtrusive
lofty
elevated in character; exalted
implement
tool,appliance,device
inveigh against
criticize strongly
monetary
financial,capital
obtain
gain,earn,achieve,aquire
outspoken
frank,open,candid
patchy
irregular uneven, erratic
promote
advance, further, encourage
purified
cleansed, refined, clarified
recreational
as a hobby
recruit
obtain,enlist
seize
grip, take, calsp, grasp, grab
surreal
having a strange dream-like quality
synthesis
unit, union, combination, mixture
textile
cloth, fabric
thereby
by that means, as a result of that
transcend
go beyond
vulnerable
easily damaged, susceptible, weak
wholly
completely, fully, in every respect, thoroughly
witness
observe, watch , notice / testimony, evidence
provision
supply, food
ruinous
destructive, catstrophic
stray
wander,deviate,straggle,swerve
unqualified
adj. complete, absolute utter, thorough
jubilant
adj. exulting, joyful
mode
n. form, fashion method, style
ominous
adj. foreboding, doomful
exorbitant
adj. expensive, excessive, extravagant , immoderate
frantic
adj. hectic, desperate, frenzied
hectic
adj. full of excitement, intense activity, and haste
inaugurate
v. begin, commence, install
praiseworthy
adj. admirable, commendable,laudable, praisable
perpetual
adj. constant,ceaseless,enduring
own up to
v. acknowledge, admit, allow
explicit
adj. clear, obvious, unambiguous, definite
accomplish
v. achieve, workout, execute, put through
accordingly
adv. for that reason, consequently
alarm
n. fear, fright, terror, dismay
cargo
n. load, freight, shipment
composition
n. make-up, formation, organization of something
conduit
n. a passage (a pipe or tunnel) through which water or electric wires can pass
dual
adj. double
encroach
(v.) To advance beyond the usual or proper limits, trespass
ensue
v.to follow in order, come immediately after and as a result
spectrum
n. range, extent, scope
stock
n. nreserve, inventory, store
strain
v. to exert much effort or energy
sturdy
adj. strong, robust
pioneer
(1) v. take the lead or initiative in (2) n. one the first colonists or settler in a new territory
potent
adj. powerful, mighty, influential
markedly
adv. significantly, noticeably, substantially
overwhelmingly
adv. predominatly, incapable of being resisted
pension
n. a regular payment to a person that iis intended to allow them to subsist without working
quaint
adj. strange in an interesting or pleasing way
bizarre
adj. very odd, erratic, strange
broaden
v. expand, develop
cite
v. mention, refer to, specify
consensus
n. agreement,unanimity
cope with
phrasal verb. deal with
elementary
adj. rudimentary, basic
tension
n. pressure, strain
ultimate
adj. final, supreme,, utmost
refuse
(1) v. reject, decline, deny (2) n. garbage, waste,rubbish,trash
revival
n. restoration, renewal, resurgence, rebirth
sorrow
n. distress, anguish, grief Sadness, woe
spot
v. see, detect, find
steadfast
adj. unwavering,firm, resolute, resolved, decided
inconstant
adj. volatile, unstable, variable
lay off
phrasal verb. fire, discharge,dismiss
motif
n. theme, subject, topic
perilous
adj. dangerous, hazardous, risky, precarious
personnel
n. staff, employees, work force
essentially
adv. basically, primarily, originally, by nature
illuminate
v. clarify, elucidate, light up
adjust
v. fit, suit, adapt to new or different conditions
alleviate
v. relieve, ease, lessen, abate
aromatic
adj. fragrant
celebrated (adj.)
adj. renowned, famous, well-known distinguished
characterize
v. describe the character or the qualities of someone or something
certainly
adv. surely, assuredly
compliment
v. commend, praise n. commendation, honor, tribute
distinction
n. honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with _____
embed
v. root, fix or set securely or deeply
abhor
adj. loathe, hate, detest
ambition
n. goal, desire, a strong drive for success
charitable
adj. tolerant, generous, broad-minded
confer
v. give, bestow,grant
deny
v. negate
eerie
adj. strange, mysterious,weird,uneathly
emulate
v. imitate, copy,follow, mimic
glance
v. / n. a glimpse, a brief look, a cursory look
abrupt
adv. sharp, sudden, hasty
adequate
adj. sufficient, satisfactory
advocate
v. support / n. proponent, supporter, upholder
bestow
v. give, grant, confer, award
boldly
adv. bravely, daringly, courageously
classic
adj. typical, exemplary,model,standard
constitute
v. make up , comprise, compose
dogma
n. belief , credo, creed
endorse
v. support,back, approve, advocate /sign, subscribe
foremost
adj. most respected, preeminent, supreme
fragrance
n. scent
imposing
adj. (1) impressive, grand, magnificnet (2) intimidating
nurture
v. raise, rear, nurse
offset
v. make up for, counterbalance, counteract
partially
adv. incompletely, fractionally
presumable
adj. probable, likely, possible
routine
adj. ordinary, normal, habitual
scold
v. reprove, reproach, reprimand rebuke
sequence
n. string, series, succession / order
startle
v. astonish, surprise, frighten suddenly
yield
v. (1) to give up under pressure, surrender (2) to give in; conced "___ to the right of way"
typical
adj. common, ordinary, usual, normal
renounce
v. cast off or disown
suffuse
v. cause to spread or flush or flood through, over, or across

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