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Arts and Humanities
Theology Chapter 4: Exodus
Terms in this set (32)
-the one that God entrusted to bring the Israelites out of Egypt
-a Hebrew child that was placed among the reeds in the Nile and was found by the Pharaoh's daughter
-performs God's miracles in front of the Egyptain population so that they can know God's powers
-parts the Red Sea
-the mediator between God and the Israelites
-brings down the 10 Commandments
-not allowed to go to the Promised Land because he did not trust God and exemplify his glory in front of the Israelites when he struck the rock with his staff to get water
-lived to be 120
-was not allowed to go or to lead the Israelites over to the Promised Land
-Blessing or curse
-the Hebrew word for God
-Moses' brother who was born early enough to escape the law that said that all Hebrew males had to be placed in the Nile after birth
-accompanies Moses on his journey to the Promised Land
-creates a false God (the Golden calf) for the Israelites while Moses is on Mt. Sinai
-Day of Atonement where he purifies himself and the people of Israel
-first priest of the Israelites
-Moses' sister that accompanies him on his journey to the Promised Land
-technically Moses' grandfather
-tries to exterminate the Hebrews out of fear that they will overpower the Egyptains
-so against God that he hardens his heart everytime God performs a miracle
-refuses to let the Israelites leave Egypt
-loses his son to the tenth plague
-swallowed up (dies) in the Red Sea along with the rest of his army
Shiprah and Puah
-Egypatin maidservants who were supposed to kill Hebrew male newborns as soon as they were born so as to exterminate their population
-Did not perform the act that the Pharaoh told them to do
-made the excuse that the Hebrew females were so strong that they had the children before the maidservants arrived so they could not kill the newborn males
-the person who completes Gd's promise to the Israelites of bringing them to the Promised Land (leads the Israelites over the Jordan River to the Promised Land).
-One of the two people that had ben freed from Egypt and still set foot on the Promised Land
-one of the two people that were born in Egypt, freed, and set foot on the Promised Land
-the only tribe of Israel that still obey and was loyal to God while the rest of the Israelites created the golden calf
-killed 3,000 Israelites as a punishment for disobeying God
-because the priests of the nation
-laws of the tabernacle and ark of the covenant apply to them.
-one man from each tribe who Moses asked to go to the Promised Land and survey the local population, geographical features, and the produce
-ten of the twelve men returned with bad reports of the Promised Land which caused the entire nation of Israelites that God had brought them out of Egypt solely to die and that He could not help them in the Promised Land
-two of the twelve men (Joshua and Caleb) were the only ones that came back with good reports of the promised land and where the only two men from their generation that were able to enter the Promised Land.
-the land that the tribes of Israel landed after going to Egypt to meet Joseph
-400 years passed, the Israelites were extremely prolific, and the new Pharaoh did not remember Joseph's closeness and kindness to the throne of Egypt
-rules by Pharaoh
-Pharaoh believes that the Hebrew population is growing too numerous in Egypt and fears that they will bond with the Egyptain's enemies and overthrow the empire
-Enslaves the Hebrews because he believes that if they are forced to work for long and terrible hours, then they will stop having children
-When the Hebrews continue to multiply even more, Pharaoh gives a law that says that all the maidservants that help deliver Hebrew babies are to kill all of the newborn Hebrew males
-when the Hebrew males continue to live because the maidservants refuse to kill them, Pharaoh orders that all Hebrew newborn males have to be thrown into the Nile
-the land where the Israelites are ensalved, and then freed by God and Moses as he parts the Red Sea and destroys Egypt through the 10 plagues
-the mountain at which Moses was tending to his flocks when he saw the burning bush that God had created
-also called the mountain of YHWH
-where Moses was asked by God to lead the people out of Egypt
-Moses tried to object to God's command, but eventually went back to Egypt and tried to help the Israelites become free from Egypt with the help of his brother Aaron
-where Moses is given the 10 Commandments and other laws
-where God resides in above the summit as a cloud —
-the river that separates Egypt from Saudi Arabia (Promised Land and Mt. Sinai)
-Moses parts the Red Sea so that the Israelites could cross on land
-god closes the gates of the Red Sea so the Egyptians are swallowed up (including Pharaoh)
-the land that God initially promised to Abraham and his descendants
-God is leading the ISraelites back to the Promised Land after they left it when Jacob and his relatives went to Egypt
-twelve men are sent to scout out the land before the Israelites go to it, but when they come back with bad reports, the Israelites refuse to go to the Promised Land
What is the significance of the alternate name to Exodus, "The Book of Names?"
-names are only given to characters to the people that are worthy of being remembered in the Book of Names
-if you are not given a name, it is a sign of dishonor and disloyalty to God
-Alternate name to Exodus: shemot —
What was the Pharaoh trying to accomplish when he enslaved the Israelites?
-Pharaoh was scared that becaue the Israelites had such a vast population, they would band together witht eh Egyptians' enemies and take over Egypt
-By ensalving the Israelites, Pharaoh hopede that they would be less likely to have children because they would be so tired all the time
-By not having as many children, Pharaoh hoped that the population would decrease
-This plan actually backfired because the harder Pharaoh made the ISraelites work, the more children they had (blessing from God)
Who is Moses? Where and how does he meet God? What is his calling?
-Moses is a Hebrew child who was supposed to be cast in the Nile according to the Egyptian law, but his mother placed him among the reeds, and was eventually saved by the daughter of the Pharaoh
-Moses is brought up in the palace setting, but he knows that he is different from the other Egyptian boys because he is circumcised.
-Once Moses sees all of the hardships that his people have to endure on a regular basis, when he sees an older Hebrew slave being beaten harshly by a taskmaster, he kills him
-Because Moses knows that the news of his murdering of the taskmaster, Moses flees Egypt and goes to Midian, where he rescues seven sisters from the harassment of local shepherds and ends up marrying the eldest daughter Zipporah and has two children
-Moses becomes a shepherd and one day while he is tending to his flocks he comes upon a bush that is on fire, but it is not being consumed by the flames.
-God speaks to Moses through the burning bush
-God tells Moses that he mst go back to Egypt so that he can free the Hebrews from Egyptian ensalvement
What doubts/excuses does Moses bring up? How does God respond?
1. "Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt.
-"I will be with you."
2. "If .... [the Israelites] ask me, 'What is his name?' what do I tell them?
-"Tell the Israelites: I am has sent me to you... the Lord, the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob, sent me to you."
3. "But suppose they do not believ me or listen to me? For they may say, 'The Lord did not appear to you."
-3 signs: staff—
What is God trying to accomplish in the Exodus? Considering spiritual and physical slavery, what does God need to address first?
1.Right worship to God; freedom from the attachmentto Egyptain polythesism
2. Bring the Israelites to the Promised Land
3. Egyptians will know the Lord (convert Egyptians to Christianity
-God needs to address spiritual slavery first because if the Israelites do not belive in the Christian God, they will not follow Moses out of Egypt, and they will become more like the Egyptians and forget God
What are the purposes of the 10 plagues? How is this culminated with the 10th plague?
-to free the Israelites from their bondage to the Egyptians
-to attack the religious cult of the Egyptians
-After each plague, there is an opportunity for Pharaoh to relent
-plagues are sent on Sabbath because the Israelites are prevented from resting and worshipping
-after the 10th plague, the Pharaoh "allowed" or made the Israelites leave Egypt
-because the Pharaoh was considered a deity, when the Pharaoh's son died, it was considered teh death of a god, proving that God was the only true god
What feast is established in conjunction with the 10th plague? What are some of the important elements of it? How does this feast relate to the Last Supper?
-Elements: a perfect lamb—
What are some of the significant parts of the covenant that God makes with Moses and the Israelites?
-God asks the Israelites to obey the Ten commandments and the laws that he has given them, and if they do this, they will represent God to other nations
How's does Israel show that it's not ready to be a "priestly nation?" What are the consequences?
-The Israelites show that they are not ready to become a priestly nation by building and worshipping a golden calf, which already breaks at least the first two commandments
-As a punishment, the levites, the only tribe that did not participate in teh worship of the golden calf kill the 3,000 people that did participate
-Moses cannot go into the sacred tent where God's presence is because he is ritually impure.
How is God's presence with the Israelites apparent from the beginning of Exodus to the end?
-God is with the Israelites in the plagues and through Moses in the beginning, and after they escaped Egypt, he leads them in a cloud ("Glory Cloud") and by the end of Exodus, he is in the Israelites' presence in the tent of meeting.
What is the priesthood like? Who us the first high priest?
-special representatives that can be in God's presence as representatives of the Israelites
-priests are held at a higher standard of living because they come into contact with god so frequently
-First high priest was Moses' brother Aaron
There are two paths that God presenter to the Israelites. What are they and what do they entail?
Two paths: blessing or curse
-Blessing: comes from obedience and they will experience prosperity and blessing in the land
-Curse: comes from disobedience famine and plague, forced off of the land and exiled.
-Life or death: choose life
Who are the spies from the tribes of Ephraim and Judah? Why are they significant?
-The two spies from the tribes of Ephrain and Judah are Caleb and Joshua
-they are significant because they are the only two of the twelve spies that actually bring back good news about the Promised Land and they trust that God will provide for them there
-they are the only two epople from the generation that left Egypt to make it into the Promised Land
How do the Israelites rebel against God while at the border of the Promised Land? What is their punishment?
-They refuse to enter the Promised Land because they do not trust that God will provide for them there
-their punishment is that they will wnader around the desert for 40 years so the generation that left Egypt will die and only their children will get to enter the Promised Land
What is the Shema
Part of the Shema: Listen oh Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord alone. Love the Lord your God with all of your heart, soul, and strength.
-emphasizes Israelis true committment to God and God alone —
What is the final aspect of the covenant curses for being unfaithful? What does God promise should the people fall into the curse?
-Moses predicts that the Israelites will be unfaithful, and they will be exiled out of their land
-Final aspect: exile
-Moses believes they have hard and selfish hearts
-God promises to transform their heart so that they can listen and love
Who leads the people after Moses dies?
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