Terms in this set (52)
started at Albany and went through New York to lake Erie, it was artificially constructed and it was about 300 mi long, and they had to change elevation to make it so it didn't have a directional current, it took seven years to build
worked in these factories in Lowell, long hours, harsh conditions, longer in the summer shorter in the winter because of lighting, women were cheaper and they worked better because their fingers were smaller for the machines
Trail of Tears
army comes and makes the Cherokee march about 900 miles to "Indian territory" (Oklahoma) Many suffered for disease and many died on this trip
what the bank was called when they tired to renew it, they thought it was evil, Jackson will protect you from the monster, and this makes clay believe he won the votes but Jackson ended up wining by a land slide
Polk wants Sanfrancsco Bay, an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico; U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution.
Kentucky, a land owner donated land that he wasn't using and there was a gigantic religious party in August, 10,000 people showed up, central message was that anyone could be saved all you had to do was accept a religion; one of the landmark events of the Second Great Awakening.
a slave who eventually became free, he wrote a bio about his life in slavery
outlaws slavery in the US with 2/3 majority, first state to ratify this amendment was Illinois
laid by fur trappers and traders and was only passable on foot or by horseback. connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. used by about 400,000 settlers, ranchers, farmers, miners, and businessmen and their families.
movement to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed
Missouri would be a slave state as long as another state would be a free state, It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri. To balance the number of "slave states" and "free states," the northern region of what was then Massachusetts was admitted into the United States as a free state to become Maine
the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
the designer of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. the Democratic Party nominee for President in the 1860 election, losing to Republican Abraham Lincoln. previously defeated Lincoln in a Senate contest,
Dred Scott Decision
The first ruling was that African Americans were not citizens, and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court. The second ruling was that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in any territory acquired after the creation of the United States.
best known as the site upon which the shots which started the American Civil War were fired, when states succeeded their first step was to ask the US to turn over lands
the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War and is often described as the war's turning point. Union Maj. Gen. George Gordon Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's invasion of the North
Uncle Toms Cabin
an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe.The sentimental novel depicts the reality of slavery while also asserting that Christian love can overcome something as destructive as enslavement of fellow human beings
prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
concept whereby a persons financial liability is limited to a fixed sum, most commonly the value of a persons investment in a company or partnership with limited liability. If a company with limited liability is sued, then the plaintiffs are suing the company, not its owners or investors.
"Fifty-Four Forty or Fight"
James Polk (democrat and supporter of Jackson), The Oregon Dispute became important in geopolitical diplomacy between the British Empire and the new American Republic,The turmoil gave rise to slogans like "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" and the catchphrase "Manifest Destiny".
It proclaimed all those enslaved in Confederate territory to be forever free, and ordered the Army (and all segments of the Executive branch) to treat as free all those enslaved in ten states that were still in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. The Proclamation also ordered that "suitable" persons among those freed be enrolled in the paid service of United States' forces.It could not be enforced in areas still under rebellion, but as the army took control of Confederate regions, the slaves in those regions were emancipated rather than returned to their masters.
Second Bank of the US
a "push" to help this market revolution; much like the first one, just about the same way Hamilton drew it up but with a lot more money in it, with the end of 1812 the federal revenue exploded (in a good way)
William Lloyd Garrison
He is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, and was one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the United States. also a prominent voice for the women's suffrage movement.
addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War. The amendment was bitterly contested, particularly by Southern states, which were forced to ratify it in order to return their delegations to Congress.
Tippecanoe ant Tyler Too
influential campaign song of the Whig Party's colorful Log Cabin Campaign in the 1840 United States presidential election. Its lyrics sang the praises of Whig candidates William Henry Harrison (the "hero of Tippecanoe") and John Tyler, while denigrating incumbent Democrat Martin Van Buren.
news paper editor, biggest selling paper in the country, and it was a national publication, an American newspaper editor, a founder of the Liberal Republican Party, a reformer, a politician, and an outspoken opponent of slavery. The New York Tribune (which he founded and edited) was America's most influential newspaper from the 1840s to the 1870s and "established ?" reputation as the greatest editor of his day." he used it to promote the Whig and Republican parties, as well as opposition to slavery and a host of reforms ranging from vegetarianism to socialism.
(Sarah and Angelina)- anti slavery sisters, some of the first performers, 19th-century Southern American Quakers, educators and writers who were early advocates of abolitionism and women's rights
(36,30 N latitude)- southern boarder of Missouri , slavery banned north of the line, forever free territory
one of the major events leading to the American Civil War, would have banned slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War or in the future, including the area later known as the Mexican Cession, but which some proponents construed to also include the disputed lands in south Texas and New Mexico east of the Rio Grande
Compromise of 1850
compromise between the slave states and the free states, a series of 5 bills
created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory. The act was designed by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois. The initial purpose of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was to open up many thousands of new farms and make feasible a Midwestern Transcontinental Railroad. It became problematic when popular sovereignty was written into the proposal so that the voters of the moment would decide whether slavery would be allowed. The result was that pro- and anti-slavery elements flooded into Kansas with the goal of voting slavery up or down, leading to a bloody civil war there.
believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. led an unsuccessful raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry that ended with his capture. his trial resulted in his conviction and a sentence of death by hanging.
a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best-known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War,
personal liberty laws
These laws were a direct response to the Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 and of 1850. Laws were designed to make the legal system more fair for all people and to ensure the safety of freedmen and escaped slaves without employing the controversial tactic of nullification. The reasoning behind this decision was simply to avoid more feuding between the northern and southern states.
idea that the slave owner is a father to his slaves, that slavery was a personal relationship, in practice it is not as harsh as it seems on paper, slave owners believe that slavery is a social institution, this is seen in Douglass, the overseers were not the father figure, they were just hired hands
McCulloch v. Maryland
decided by the court that the bank of the US was constitutional, since this was true the state which held the bank had no operation over it, only the congress had these rights; market economy was a gain for some and not for others
the US needed to expand from sea to sea, they believed that this is what God intended for the continent
people going to California to find gold, they overwhelmed the institutions of Cali 100,000 people, most are young males
laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the Black slaves.
an abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831. Although its circulation was only about 3,000, and three-quarters of subscribers were African Americans in 1834,the newspaper earned nationwide notoriety for its advocacy of "immediate and complete emancipation of all slaves" in the United States
first state to completely ban alcohol; and the name of the law that would ban alcohol in any state, prohibited the sale of all alcoholic beverages except for "medicinal, mechanical or manufacturing purposes," quickly spread elsewhere, and by 1855 twelve states had joined Maine in total prohibition. These were "dry" states; states without prohibition laws were "wet.
an American slave who led a slave rebellion in Virginia that resulted in 55 white deaths and at least 100 black deaths. He gathered supporters in Southampton County, Virginia. was convicted, sentenced to death, and hanged.
womens rights movements, an early and women's rights convention, the first to be organized by women in the Western world, in Seneca Falls, New York. It spanned two days, New York women planned the event. oratorical ability was rare for this era during which women were often not allowed to speak in public. Female Quakers local to the area organized the meeting
The meeting had six sessions, included a lecture on law, a humorous presentation, and multiple discussions about the role of women in society.
an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War. Born into slavery, escaped and subsequently made more than nineteen missions to rescue more than 300 slaves using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad.
First Bull Run
It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. Just months after the start of the war at Fort Sumter, the Northern public clamored for a march against the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, which they expected to bring an early end to the rebellion.
Massachusetts, steam powered, built for the purpose of housing factories (cloth making)
typically means opposition to immigration and support of efforts to lower the political or legal status of specific ethnic or cultural groups because the groups are considered hostile or alien to the natural culture, and assumptions that they cannot be assimilated
a proxy war between Northerners and Southerners over the issue of slavery in the United States. The term was coined by Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune
a major general during the American Civil War He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly as the general-in-chief of the Union Army. Early in the war, he played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army for the Union.
laws in the United States passed after the Civil War with the effect of limiting the civil rights and civil liberties of blacks. Even though discrimination laws against blacks existed in both Northern and Southern states from the early 19th century, the term is used most often to refer to legislation passed by Southern states at the end of the Civil War to control the labor and movement of newly-freed slaves.
emphasized the continuing line between whites and blacks by defining all individuals with one-eighth or more black ancestry as persons of color, subject to special provisions in the law
the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with 22,717 dead, wounded and missing on both sides combined.
After pursuing Confederate General Robert E. Lee into Maryland, Union Army Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan launched attacks against Lee's army, in defensive positions behind Antietam Creek
renounce their want to be in the US first was south Carolina, as seven southern states each declared themselves seceded from the United States and joined together to form the Confederate States of America. This movement collapsed in 1865 with the defeat of Confederate forces by Union armies in the American Civil War