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civics ch 5 (everything)
Terms in this set (95)
House of Representatives
Congress is a bicameral body composed of the ______ and the ________ _____ __________
Each congressional term is ______ years long, beginning in January of odd numbered years and divided into _______ sessions of one year each.
The constitution requires that Representatives be atleast _____ years old, citizens of the United States for at least ____years, is used to determine the apportionment of the 435 house seats among the states.
Since the representation in the House is based on _____, information from the national census, which is held every ______ years, is used to determine the apportionment of the 435 House among the states.
Is the process of drawing district boundaries to give one political party an electoral advantage.
Two ways to redraw districts are _____ in which one party's voters from several districts are squeezed into one district, and _______________ in which a district having many supporters of one party is divided into smaller districts.
Senators serve terms of _____ years, are elected ____ rather than according to districts, and must be at least 30 years old. Senators must have been American citizens for at least _____ years and must be legal residents of the state they represent.
Members of Congress set their own ______ and enjoy many ______ and privileges in addition to their income.
Each house has methods for punishing its members for disorderly behavior, including _____, which is a vote of formal disapproval of a members action.
In addition to the _____ representatives and ________ senators, there are ________ delegates to the House, who represent the district of columbia and four US territories
Many members of Congress are lawyers, and although in the past most members were middle-aged Caucasian ________, the membership has slowly changed over time with changes in our _______.
_________ members who are already in office, are more likely to be reelected, resulting in very slow changes in congressional membership
The complex ____ in the house are intended to move legislation quickly once it reaches the floor; consequently, House debates rarely last more than one ____.
The _______ of Congress perform most legislative activity, and members serve on those that are important to their __________
In both the House and the Senate, the ______ party has the power to select its respective leaders, control the flow of legislative work, and appoint the chairs of all the _______.
speaker of the house
The _______ _______ __________, chosen by the majority party in caucus and approved by the entire House membership, is the presiding officer and its most powerful leader.
The speaker's top assistant is the ____________ ____________ whose job is to help plan the party's legislative program, steer important bills through the House, and make sure committee chairpersons finish work on bills that are important bills through the House, and make sure committee chairpersons finish work on bills that are important to the party.
The majority ______ and deputy ______ assist the majority leader in persuading the party's members to support legislation important to the party.
The duties of the minority leaders _________ the duties of the majority party leaders, but the minority leaders cannot _________ work in the house.
speaker of the house
After a bill is introduced, the ________ _______ _____ ______________ assigns it to the appropriate ______________ where it is studied, discussed, reviewed, and may eventually be put on the House calendar for consideration.
Because the calendars are so full, the powerful ________ _______ determines the order in which bills reach the House floor, how long they may be debated and revised, and settles disputes among __________.
committee of the whole
A quorum of ______ is required for official legislatures action, but _______ ________ and debate or change legislation before returning a bill to the house for a vote.
a senator covers the whole state
has no speaker and is smaller
Why do senators need to be knowledgeable on a wide variety of issues?
They are more flexible than in the House to give all senators maximum freedom to express their ideas.
-Senates debate about bills have a little more unlimited time
2 per state 100 in the country
435 In the house
how do senate rules differ from rules in the House, and why are they different?
presides over the senate but cannot vote except to break a tie.
procedures also allow senators more freedom
they recognize members
3. Speaker of the House
what is the role of the VP in the senate compared to the role of the Speaker of the House?
absence of the vice president elected by senate to majority party
What is the president pro tempore?
majority and minority leaders elected by their party members helps keep the party united.
Who are the most important Senate officers, and what is their job?
2/3 of the senate to approve treaties, overturn presidential vetos, and remove federal officials from office if they have been impeached in the house.
what is a supermajority, and what activities of the senate require it?
1. A motion by all members present to set aside formal rules and consider a bill from the calendar
2. It's unanimous, can be stopped by 1 person
what is unanimous consent, and how does it work in the Senate?
any number or actions taken by a senator or a group of senators to prevent a bill from coming to a final vote?
what is a filibuster?
a procedure that allows each senator to speak only one hour on a bill under debate method of ending a filibuster
what is a cloture resolution?
The _________ system allows members of Congress to divide their work among smaller groups, where lawmakers can become specialists on the _______ that their committees consider.
__________ specialize in one aspect of the standing committee's responsibilities, and continue from one legislative session to the next.
Temporary, or _____ ________ study one specific issue an report their findings to the senate or the House.
________ ____________ are composed of members from both the House and the Senate and, although they study a topic or bill and report back to the House or Senate, and they study a topic or bill and report back to the House or the Senate about it, they have no _____________ to work on bills or to propose laws.
When the House and Senate pass different versions of a bill, a __________ _____________ is created to resolve differences between the two versions and present both houses with a compromise bill.
The _____ to which a member of Congress is assigned can enhance the legislator's political career by dealing with issues important to constituents and by providing __________ either in national or on fellow Congress members
Chairpersons of _________ __________ are among the most powerful people in Congress because they make decisions about the work of their committees.
In spite of criticism of the _______ ________ most members still cast their ballots for the longest-serving members to chair committees.
The work of Congress is so extensive and complex that lawmakers rely on their _______ to help them draft bills, stay informed on issues, and represent their __________.
As lawmaking became more ____________ requiring the greater knowledge of issues, and as constituents place increased demands on their lawmakers, the number of staff members has __________ significantly.
The _______ ___________ serves as the chief of staff, and the ________ _____________ typically establishes the legislative agenda and informs the lawmaker on legislative matters.
________ ____________ are involved in committee meetings and keep track of what is happening on the floor, while _________ _________ manage the media relations of a lawmaker and ___________ handle the many requests for help from a member's constituents.
The tasks of ____________ staff members include drafting bills, studying issues, collecting information, planning hearings, and preparing reports.
congressional research service
In addition to its books and other holdings, the library of congress has a _________ __________ ________ that provides information for lawmakers, their staff, and committees.
congressional budget office
The _________ ________ __________ coordinates the budget work of congress, studies the budget proposals of the president, and projects the cost of proposed programs.
government accountability office
The ________ ___________ _____________ oversees how the funds congress appropriates are spent
government printing office
The ________ ___________ __________ promotes government transparency by publishing, in print and online, the multitude of reports, bills, and official records produced by Congress.
speaker of the house
president of senate
majority leader of the senate
majority leader of house
minority leader of senate
minority leader of the house
president pro tempore
t or f Both the senate and the HOR contain the same number of members from each state
t or f a member of the senate who was elected for 6 terms would serve 24 years
t or f state legislatures cannot use political factors as a basis for redistricting
t or f congress is a bicameral legislature that provides checks and balances during the process of lawmaking
t or f someone who was born outside of the United States but becomes a US citizen can become eligible to run for the US senate
the member violates House rules by improperly using campaign donations
Which of these actions might result in the expulsion of a member of the House?
members get allowances to visit their states
Which of these statements is true for both the HOR and the Senate
One political party has consistently won a House seat within a particular district with 75-80% of the vote. Then, one year the other party wins the seat with 85% of the vote. This result could be evidence of which of the following?
Both the House and the Senate are in operation at the same time
Which of these is likely to occur during a congressional session?
congressional pay raises
An amendment based on an idea proposed by James Madison in 1789 was enacted in 1992. This amendment relates to which of the following
one member directly debating another on the House floor
To maintain uniformity in democratic proceedings, Thomas Jefferson wrote the first rules manual for Congress when he was vice president. Which of the following behaviors would not be tolerated based on this rules manual?
passed through the House Rules Committee
When a bill comes to a vote on the House floor, you know that it has
increases in unity within the party
Which of these would most likely be a result of increasing the concentration of power within the office of the Speaker of the House?
allow many bills to be heard
The House rule that limits the amount of time a member can speak during a debate is meant to
the house rules committee
Which of these committee types has the greatest powers over the movement of a bill through Congress?
t or f On both the Senate and house floors, members are limited in the amount of time they can debate a bill
t or f the president pro tempore and the minority leader in the Senate are never the same person
t or f a member who is conducting a filibuster must remain on the senate floor and debate the bill to prevent it from being voted on
t or f a single senator can prevent a bill from being brought to the senate floor
t or f If 50 senators vote for a cloture resolution, they can end a filibuster in most cases
To virtually eliminate the threat of a filibuster, the senate would have a minimum of how many members from one party
vice pres and pres pro tempore
Which two individuals share the duty of presiding over the senate
Which of these senate procedures requires cooperation between the parties?
in the senate, each state has an equal voice during debate
Which is a key difference between the senate and house
it is likely to have holds placed on it before it reaches the senate floor
What is most likely to happen to a senate bill that is opposed by the leadership of the minority party
t or f Because bills related to natural resources are continually being introduced, the Natural Resources Committee is a select committee in the House.
t or f Members of the Natural Resources Committee who work in states that extract coal are likely to request an assignment to the energy and mineral resources subcommittee
t or f When an energy bill passes both the Senate and House, it is reviewed by a joint committee before being sent to the president
t or f A temporary study group set up out of the national resources committee to study the availability of natural gas would be a conference committee
t or f Each committee has a chairpersons, who is part of the majority party and makes key decisions about which bills to consider
An election results in a Senate with 55 democrats and 45 republicans. On a committee of 24 senators, how many would be republicans?
Counter-terrorism and Intelligence is most likely a subcommittee of which of these standing committees in the House?
science, space, and technology
A Florida House member representing Cape Canaveral and other areas where NASA is active is most likely to request membership on which of these standing committees?
manage floor debates on bills from their committees
Which of these is one duty of a standing committee chair?
If a member wishes to have power over a bill after it has been passed, the member should request a position on which type of committee?
personal staff support one member; subcommittee staff support members from all parties
Which statement describes a difference between the roles of personal and subcommittee staff?
GAO (Government Accountability Office)
A legislative director who wanted advice on the legality of a provision in an educational reform bill would contact which of these congressional support agencies?
Staff for the conservation, forestry and natrual resources subcommittee of the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee in the Senate would be experts in which of the following?
individuals now ask for more help with government matters
Which of these is one reason that the number of personal staff members has become five times larger in the past 70 years?
personal staff are likely to be in the same party as the member they work for
How can political parties influence policy through congressional staff
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