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Medical Terminology Mid Term Exan

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Phlebostenosis
stricture or narrowing of a vein
Gastroscope
instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
carcinogenesis
the production, development, or origin of cancer.
diplopia
double vision
amastia
absence of a breast
retroperitoneal
behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.
quadriplegia
paralysis of both arms and both legs
hypodermic
injected under the skin
epithelia tissue
forms a protective cover (injury and microbial)
*location: cover body and organ, forms inner lining of body cavities.
peristalsis
the process of wave-like muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along.
cervical
neck region
malaise
a sense of uncase; depression
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid in abdominal cavity
magnetic resonance imaging
the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
anastomosis
a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous.
positron emission tomography
using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain)
melanocytes
cells that contain melanin-give skin color
hyperhidrosis
excessive sweating
pressure sores
are the breakdown of skin and underlying tissues due to constant pressure and lack of oxygen to the affected area.
first degree burn
involves only epithelium; redness, hear (example: sunburn)
alopecia
baldness
abscess
symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue.
pruritis
itching
cryosurgery
the use of extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancer)
fulguration
destruction of living tissue with an electric spark
antihistamines
blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy.
congenital hernia
indirect inguinal hernia that is present at birth
perforated ulcer
ulcer extending all the way through the wall of the stomach
irritable bowel syndrome
a common condition of unknown cause with symptoms that can include intermittent cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and/or diarrhea.
dyaphagia
difficulty in swallowing
hernia
rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes.
volvulus
twisting of the intestine on itself.
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
cheilitis
inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
protoscopy
an instrument consisting of a tube or speculum equipped with a light, used to examine the rectum.
colonscope
instrument used for visual examination of the colon
epiglottis
a flap of cartilage that covers the wind pipe while swallowing
pneumonia
inflammation of the lungs
rale
bubbling or noisy sound caused by fluid or mucus in the air passages
consolidation
combining into a solid mass
bruit
soft blowing sound heard on auscultation caused by turbulent blood flow.
insufficiency
(pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally
vegetation
an abnormal growth or excrescence (especially a warty excrescence on the valves of the heart)
vegetations
small masses lodged in the weakened heart tissue that are composed of fibrin and platelets, usually collect on the leaflets of the valves and their cords causing backflow of blood.
Doppler echocardiography
imaging method used to study the rate and pattern of blood flow.
magnetic resonance angiography
magnetic resonance imaging of the heart and blood vessels for evaluation of pathology
electrocardiography
diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph ( and producing a cardiogram)
stent placement
use of a device to hold open vessels or tubes
sclerotherapy
chemical injection into a varicose vein that causes inflammation and formation of fibrous tissue, which closes the vein.
cardiac enzyme studies
blood test that measures troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine Kinase (CK-MB)
KERATOLYTICS
destroys and softens the outer layer of the skin so that it is sloughed off or shed.
arthr/itis
inflammation of a joint or joints.
cardi/o/graph
medical instrument that records electric currents associated with contractions of the heart.
col/o, colon/o
colon, large intestine
vas/o
vessel
arteri/o
artery
tachy-
rapid
dia-
through, across
contra-
against
peri-
around
infra-
below
brady-
slow
an-
without
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement
-centeses
surgical puncture
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-gram
record, writing
-penia
decrease, deficiency
-algia
pain
-pathy
disease
-ptysis
spitting
to build the plural form of words ending in "is"
drop "is" and add "es"
etiology of measles
infectious
pathological condition
morbid
exocrine glands secrete substances through ducts to an
outer body surface
a shave biopsy removes elevated lesions using a
surgical blade
test that identifies microorganisms or parasites present in feces
stool culture
test that detects the presence of occult (hidden) blood in feces
stool guaiac
physician that specializes in treatment of the gums
periodontitis
medication used to control nausea and vomiting
antiemetic
medication used to control heartburn and acid reflux
antacid
diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs in the
pulmonary capillaries
nares are divided by the
septum
collapsed or airless lung
atelectasis
imaging test that combines computed tomography (CT) and angiography to produce images of pulmonary arteries
computed tomography pulmonary angiography
medication that suppresses cough
antitussive
medication that acts on immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions
corticosteroid
valve located between the right atrium and right ventride
tricuspid
circular muscle found in tubular structures that regulates passage of substances
sphincter
microscopic vessel that enables nutrients and oxygen to pass into the surrounding tissues
capillary
chest pain associated with coronary artery disease
angina pectoris
quivering or spontaneous muscle contraction, especially of the heart
fibrillation
drugs that inhibit conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2
ACE inhibitors
abbreviation that refers to diagnosis
IMP
the route of nutrition of medication administered through a tube inserted through the nose and into the stomach is charted as
NG (nasogastric)
abbreviation for series of radiographic images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine
UGIS
abbreviation for blood test that evaluates liver injury and function
LFT (liver function test)
abbreviation for procedure that reroutes blood around an occluded coronary artery
CABG