53 terms

Crime EN

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bail
an amount of money that a person who has been accused of a crime pays to a law court so that they can be released until their trial.
dock
the place in the court where the accused person sits
in custody
the state of being kept in prison while awaiting trial
jury
a group of people who have been chosen to listen to all the facts in a trial in a law court and to decide if a person is guilty or not guilty, or if a claim has been proved
judge
a person who is in charge of a trial in a court and decides how a person who is guilty of a crime should be punished,
offence
an illegal act; a crime
confess
to admit that you have done something wrong or something that you feel guilty or bad about
carry out attacks
to commit crimes
to convict
to decide officially in a law court that someone is guilty of a crime
to sentence
to decide what punishment should be given
plead (not) guilty
admit or not of commiting a crime
verdict
decision made after judging the facts that are given, especially one made at the end of a trial
acquit
to decide officially in a law court that someone is not guilty of a particular crime
alibi
evidence that a person hasn't committed a crime
forensic evidence
related to scientific methods of solving crimes, involving examining the objects or substances that are involved in the crime
trial
the hearing of statements and showing of objects, etc. in a law court to judge if a person is guilty of a crime
to question
to ask a suspect about a crime
trafficking
the activity of buying and selling goods or people illegally
Rape
To force someone to have sex when they are unwilling, using violence or threatening behaviour:
Defraud
to prevent someone from having something that is legally theirs by deceiving them
Joyriding
driving fast and dangerously for pleasure, especially in a stolen vehicle
Abolish
to end an activity or custom officially
Jailbreaker
a person who commits a cybercrime
Capital punishment
punishment by death, as ordered by a legal system
To imprison
to put someone in prison
Lenient sentence
punishment or person in authority) more merciful or tolerant than expected
Outlaw
criminal
Prosecution
the act of trying to prove that someone is quilty of commiting a crime
Bribe
To try to make someone do something for you by giving them money, presents, or something else that they want
Ransom
large amount of money that is demanded in exchange for someone who has been taken prisoner, or sometimes for an animal:
Extort
to get something by force or threats, or with difficulty
Manslaughter
unintentional killing
Teenage/juvenile delinquent
a person, usually young, who behaves in a way that is illegal or not acceptable to most people
Treason
betrayal of allegiance toward one's own country
Child abuse
Behaviour in which adults intentionally treat children in a cruel or violent way
Espionage
the discovering of secrets, especially political or military information of another country or the industrial information of a business
Homicide
(an act of) murder
Slander
a false spoken statement about someone that damages their reputation
Trespassing
to go onto someone's land or enter their building without permission
Abduction

to force someone to go somewhere with you, often using threats or violence
Domestic violence
the situation in which someone you live with attacks you and tries to hurt you
Community service
work done without payment to help other people.
License suspension
to take away driving license temporarily
White collar crime
offence commited in business
Major crime
more important, bigger, or more serious illegal activities
Minor crime
having little importance illegal act
Jay walking
​to walk across a street at a place where it is not allowed or without taking care to avoid the traffic
Suspended sentence
A sentence given after the formal conviction of a crime that the convicted person is not required to serve
Forfeiture
the loss of rights, property, or money, especially as a result of breaking a legal agreement
Corporal punishment
the physical punishment of people, especially of children, by hitting them
Harsh punishment
Cruel punishment
To deter
to prevent someone from doing something illegal
Rehabilitation
The process of returning to a healthy or good way of life, or the process of helping someone to do this after they have been in prison, been very ill, etc.: